Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Citizenship and Country Documents

US Government Reports

  • State Department – Country Documents
  • US Citizenship and Immigration Services RIC Report
    • SAU03001 - Saudi Arabia - Which individuals are eligible for a "Laissez Passer" in Saudi Arabia? Can a non- citizen procure a Laissez Passer? Why is it different from a passport? The applicant claims to be a Bedouin from the Al-Enezi tribe whose family has been stationary in the Hafr al- Batin region for years. The applicant claims to be stateless because the Saudi government does not recognize many members of the Al-Enezi tribe as citizens. The applicant was issued a Laissez Passer versus a regular Saudi passport. The applicant's U.S. visa indicates that the applicant is a Saudi national. Is it standard consulate practice to state on visas that someone with a Laissez Passer is a Saudi national? - February 2001 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SAU105625.E - Circumstances under which the government revokes citizenship, including effect on children and spouses; possibility of reobtaining citizenship - Nov. 2016 (PDF)
    • SAU105539.E - Situation of Bidoons, including ability to obtain a passport; whether a person born to a Saudi mother and Bidoon father can obtain Saudi citizenship, and would be issued a Saudi passport as a minor - Jun 2016 (PDF)
    • SAU105398.E - Exit procedures and documents required for resident foreigners who leave the country; exit visas and their appearance; whether the Iqama is cancelled when a resident leaves the country; whether someone holding a valid Iqama can return to the country after leaving; whether foreign workers who are forced to retire can remain in the country - Jan. 2016 (PDF)
    • ZZZ105007.E - Requirements and procedures for a citizen of Ethiopia to obtain an Ethiopian biometric passport in Saudi Arabia; instances in which a passport would not be issued after application - Nov. 2014 (PDF)
    • ZZZ104924.E - Work and residence permits; citizenship rights for children born to Syrians in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates - August 2014 (PDF)
    • SAU104698.FE - Saudi Arabia: Requirements and procedure for renewing a residence permit from Canada, as well as the documents needed to return to Saudi Arabia - November 2013 (PDF)
    • SAU42563.E - Saudi Arabia - Procedure to renew a residence permit; whether a person must apply in person; rules specifically for Yemenis - March 2004 (PDF)
    • SAU41575.E - Saudi Arabia - Whether citizenship is granted by virtue of being born in Saudi Arabia; whether the children of a permanent resident of Saudi Arabia be considered citizens by sole virtue of their birth in that country; whether a citizen of Pakistan who has resided in Saudi Arabia for 28 years as a permanent resident can apply and eventually obtain Saudi citizenship - June 2003 (PDF)
    • SAU41422.E - Saudi Arabia - Residency and status privileges attached to a Laissez Passer issued by Saudi Arabia to a Yemeni citizen who has resided in Saudi Arabia since 1979 and circumstances under which a Laissez Passer may be revoked or not renewed - May 2003 (PDF)

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Children

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Children - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SAU106048.E: Saudi Arabia: Residence status of foreign husbands married to Saudi women and children born to foreign fathers and Saudi mothers, including access to employment, education, health care and other services, and the ability to travel in and out of the country – Jan. 2018 (PDF)
    • SAU41553.E - Saudi Arabia - Follow-up to SAU40228.E of 29 October 2002 on whether Saudi Arabian laws concerning child custody are applicable to Palestinians in Saudi Arabia, and parental rights with regard to child custody following a divorce - May 2003 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers - Child Soldiers Global Report - 2008 (PDF)

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Corruption

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Corruption and Lack of Transparency in Government  - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

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Disabilities

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Persons with Disabilities - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

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Elections

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Elections and Political Participation - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports


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Ethnic Groups / Race

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - National / Racial / Ethnic Minorities - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SAU104729.E - Treatment of racial minorities, particularly black African Saudi nationals, by society and authorities - January 2014 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Minority Rights Group International - State of the World's Minorities - 2015 (PDF)

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Gender

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Women - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SAU106048.E: Saudi Arabia: Residence status of foreign husbands married to Saudi women and children born to foreign fathers and Saudi mothers, including access to employment, education, health care and other services, and the ability to travel in and out of the country – Jan. 2018 (PDF)
    • SAU100598.FE - Forced and arranged marriages; people who arrange the marriages; whether such marriages take place within the extended family; the age of couples who are married through forced and arranged marriages; whether one can refuse an arranged marriage; whether arranged marriages are limited to a particular religious or social group (2003 - 2005) - October 2005 (PDF)
    • SAU43102.FE - Treatment of a man who had sexual relations with a woman who was already engaged to another man, including his treatment by Saudi society, by the woman's family, by her fiancé's family and by Saudi authorities - November 2004 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Freedom House
    • Saudi Arabia - Women’s Rights In the Middle East and North Africa - 2010 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch - 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Boxed In: Women and Saudi Arabia's Male Guardianship System - July 2016 (PDF)
    • “Steps of the Devil” Denial of Women and Girls’ Right to Sport in Saudi Arabia - February 2012 (PDF)

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Human Rights

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • US Citizenship and Immigration Services RIC Report
    • SAU03001 - Saudi Arabia - Which individuals are eligible for a "Laissez Passer" in Saudi Arabia? Can a non- citizen procure a Laissez Passer? Why is it different from a passport? The applicant claims to be a Bedouin from the Al-Enezi tribe whose family has been stationary in the Hafr al- Batin region for years. The applicant claims to be stateless because the Saudi government does not recognize many members of the Al-Enezi tribe as citizens. The applicant was issued a Laissez Passer versus a regular Saudi passport. The applicant's U.S. visa indicates that the applicant is a Saudi national. Is it standard consulate practice to state on visas that someone with a Laissez Passer is a Saudi national? - February 2001 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SAU105183.E - Rights of non-citizens born in Saudi Arabia to non-citizen Saudi-born parents, including residency, employment, education and access to social services; whether a non-citizen can return to Saudi Arabia after the "Return Before" date on their re-entry visa has lapsed - May 2015 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International - 2018 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF)
  • Amnesty International
    • Assaulting Human Rights In The Name of Counter-Terrorism - July 2009 (PDF)
    • Affront to Justice - Death Penalty in Saudi Arabia - Oct 2008 (PDF)
  • Freedom House - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch – 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Detained, Beaten, Deported -Saudi Abuses against Migrants during Mass Expulsions - May 2015 (PDF)
    • Bad Dreams: Exploitation and Abuse of Migrant Workers in Saudi Arabia - July 2004 (PDF)
    • “As If I Am Not Human” - Abuses against Asian Domestic Workers in Saudi Arabia - July 2008 (PDF)
    • Denied Dignity - Systematic Discrimination and Hostility toward Saudi Shia Citizens - September 2009 (PDF)
    • Human Rights and Saudi Arabia’s Counter-terrorism Response - August 2009 (PDF)

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Justice System

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Arbitrary Arrest or Detention - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • US Citizenship and Immigration Services RIC Report
    • SAU03001 - Saudi Arabia - What is the probability that an individual who has been connected in the press to two 9/11 hijackers but who has been cleared by the U.S. government would be detained/tortured/harassed by the governments of Yemen or Saudi Arabia if deported to either of those countries? - February 2001 (PDF)
  • Library of Congress CRS Reports
    • Saudi Arabia Current Issues and US Relations - July 2006 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Dissident Voices Stifled in the Eastern Province - May 2012 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch - 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • “Caught in a Web” Treatment of Pakistanis in the Saudi Criminal Justice System – March 2018 (PDF)

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Law

None Available


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Maps


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Medical Availability

Intergovernmental Organization Reports


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Political Figures and Parties

US Government Reports

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SAU43129.E - Al-Islahiyeen (a group of liberal reformers in Saudi Arabia); treatment by the government; size; goals - November 2014 (PDF)
    • ZZZ41406.E - The Yemeni National Opposition Front and whether it had/has an office in Jeddah; the function and activities of its military affairs section; the whereabouts of Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas; information on another specific individual - April 2003 (PDF)

Non-Governmental Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Looser Rein, Uncertain Gain - A Human Rights Assessment of Five Years of King Abdullah’s Reforms in Saudi Arabia - September 2010 (PDF)

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Refugees

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Protection of Refugees - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SAU40789.E - Status of a Palestinian who returns to Saudi Arabia after studying abroad for one year; requirements for return; situation of Palestinians in Saudi Arabia - January 2003 (PDF)

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Religion

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Religion - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • State Department International Religious Freedom Report - Country of Particular Concern - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • US Commission on International Religious Freedom - 2016 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • “They Are Not Our Brothers” Hate Speech by Saudi Officials – Sept. 2017 (PDF)
  • Institute on Religion and Public Policy - Religious Freedom in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Minority Rights Group International - Still invisible – the stigmatization of Shi’a and other religious minorities in Saudi Arabia – Dec. 2015 (PDF)

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Sexual Orientation

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Sexual Orientation - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SAU102125.E - Treatment of homosexuals by authorities and by society in general; recourse available to those who have been targeted because of their sexual orientation - March 2007 (PDF)
    • SAU103739.FE - Situation of homosexuals, including laws, their treatment by society and government authorities, and the organizations available to assist them - August 2011 (PDF)

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Speech / Press / Internet

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Speech and Press - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • US Citizenship and Immigration Services RIC Report
    • SAU03001 - Saudi Arabia - Have there been any media reported instances of individuals connected to 9/11 being detained/tortured/harassed upon return to Middle Eastern countries? - February 2001 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports


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Timeline

Media


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Trafficking

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Trafficking in Persons - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • Trafficking in Persons Report - Saudi Arabia - 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)

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Terrorism

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Terrorism - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Assaulting Human Rights In The Name of Counter-Terrorism - July 2009 (PDF)
    • Countering Terrorism With Repression - August 2009 (PDF)

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Torture

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

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Updated September 26, 2018

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