Republic of Turkey

Citizenship and Country Documents

US Government Reports

  • State Department - Country Documents
  • Library of Congress - Law Library of Congress (LLOC)
    • Family Reunification Laws in Selected Jurisdictions - July 2014 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance -
    • Turkey: Background information, including actors of protection and internal relocation - ID Documentation and databases - Feb. 2016 (PDF)
    • Turkey: Background information, including actors of protection and internal relocation - Citizenship - Feb. 2016 (PDF)
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Reports
    • Citizenship and Nationality - 2009 (PDF)
    • NÜFÜS CARD / IDENTITY CARD - 2009 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • TUR105166.E - Turkey: Information on the Nufus Huviyet Cuzdani [Turkiye Cumhuriyeti Nufus Cuzdani] and any other document used in Turkey for identification purposes (2012-May 2015) - June 2015 (PDF)
    • TUR104875.E - Turkey: Biometric passports, including requirements and procedures within the country as well as abroad; availability of fraudulent passports and other identity documents - June 2014 (PDF)
    • TUR104802.FE - Turkey: requirements and procedure to obtain Turkish citizenship for a Syrian citizen whose father was born in Mardin, Turkey, prior to 1927, but moved to Syria around 1935 - Feb. 2014(PDF)
    • TUR104598.E - Turkey: Citizenship by birth, including requirements and legislation; requirements for a person to claim citizenship if both parents were born in Turkey (2012-October 2013) - Oct 2013 (PDF)
    • TUR103453.E - Turkey: Release of biometric passports; requirements for acquiring special or service passports - June 2010 (PDF)
    • TUR103065.E -  Turkey: Status of the draft Passport Law; whether Turkey has begun issuing new passports that are more difficult to forge; if so, description of these passports - Feb. 2009 (PDF)
    • TUR103062.E - Turkey: Whether the section in the Turkish passport pertaining to military service is left blank or has a horizontal line to indicate the holder has been granted a deferment of military service for academic purposes; whether this section contains a military registration number (TC Kimlik No.) that is cross-checked in a computer database by Turkish authorities at ports of entry; if so, whether this database contains detailed reasons for the deferment - February 2009 (PDF)
    • TUR102982.E - Turkey: Whether consent of both parents is required for a Turkish citizen under 18 years of age to obtain a passport, and whether there are any other procedural or documentary requirements for minors to obtain a passport or to travel outside Turkey - Dec. 2008 (PDF)
    • TUR43471.E - Turkey: Procedures that must be followed by, and documents that must be provided to, Turkish airport and land border authorities for a Turkish citizen and/or foreign national to be allowed to enter or leave Turkey; the security/law enforcement personnel present; action taken in cases where a person is wanted by the Turkish authorities (January 2003-April 2005) - April 2005 (PDF)
    • TUR42996.E - Turkey: Information on the Nufus Huviyet Cuzdani and any other document used in Turkey for identification purposes (November 1997 - September 2004) - Oct 2004 (PDF)
    • TUR42435.E - Turkey: The likelihood that the Turkish authorities would change identity cards and civil status registers in order to change Christian given names and the Christian religion to Muslim names and the Muslim religion; the registration of Christian births - Feb. 2004 (PDF)

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Children

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Children - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • U.S. Department of Labor - Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Children - 2009 (PDF)

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Corruption

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Corruption and Lack of Transparency in Government - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Corruption - 2009 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • TUR42658.E - Turkey: Incidence of crime and corruption by state agents, including the prevalence of the police practice of demanding harac (bribes) from shop owners; whether small businesses are targeted; whether the government has been involved with illegal/criminal elements (i.e. mafia) in carrying out crimes and/or corruption; the state reaction to crime and corruption, including whether individuals who engage in such behaviour are punished (September 2002 - September 2004) - Sept. 2004 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • TUR30760 - Oct 2006 (PDF)

      1. How are the police organised, controlled in Ankara, Turkey?

      2. Is there any information about how the police operate in Turkey?

      3. Is there corruption in the police force?

      4. Can the police be bribed?


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Disabilities

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Persons with Disabilities - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Disability - 2009 (PDF)

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Elections

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Elections and Political Participation - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports


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Ethnic Groups/Race

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - National/Racial/Ethnic Minorities - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Ethnic Groups - 2009 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Minority Rights Group International
    • State of the World's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - 2016 (PDF), 2012 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups/Race - Arabs

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Arabs - 2009 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal

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Ethnic Groups/Race - Armenians

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Armenians - 2009 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • TUR105149.E - Turkey: Situation of Christian Turks of Armenian descent, including treatment by society and authorities (2014- April 2015) - April 2015 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports


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Ethnic Groups/Race - Assyrians

Non-Government Organization Reports


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Ethnic Groups/Race - Caferis

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • World Directory of Minorities - Caferis (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups/Race - Caucasians

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Caucasians - 2009 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports


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Ethnic Groups/Race - Greeks

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Greeks - 2009 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups/Race - Kurds

US Government Reports

  • US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
    • TUR99001.ZHN - Information On The Practice Of Circumcision Among Kurds - Oct. 1998 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance  
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Kurds - 2009 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • TUR105723.FE - The situation and treatment of Kurds and Alevis after the coup attempt in July 2016, including in the large cities (July 2016–January 2017) - Jan. 2017 (PDF)
    • TUR104554.E - Turkey: Frequency of torture used by authorities, particularly on Kurdish and Alevi protestors and activists, including instances when torture is used on temporary detainees (2012-August 2013) - Aug 2013 (PDF)
    • TUR104096.E - Turkey: Situation of Kurds in western cities such as Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir, Konya and Mersin; resettlement to these cities (2009 - May 2012) - June 2013 (PDF)
    • TUR104075.E - Turkey: The Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), including areas of operation and targets, methods of recruitmentand activities; state response - June 2012 (PDF)
    • TUR102822.E - Turkey: Situation of Kurds in western cities such as Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir, Konya and Mersin; resettlement to these cities (2006 - 2008) - May 2008 (PDF)

    • TUR42658.E - The situation of Kurds, particularly the extent to which legislative reform packages have been implemented (May 2003 - August 2004) - Aug. 2004 (PDF)

    • TUR42377.FE - Turkey: Authorities with whom Kurds in Istanbul could file a complaint of harassment or extortion by nationalists or the police; the protection offered to such complainants - Jan. 2004 (PDF)
    • Issue Papers, Extended Responses and Country Fact Sheets - Turkey - The Situation of the Kurds - Feb. 1996 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • TUR30760Oct. 2006 (PDF)

      1. Is there any known Kurdish mafia that operates in Ankara, Turkey?
      2. If there is a Kurdish mafia, what sort of crimes are the Kurdish mafia accused of carrying out?
      3. If there is a Kurdish mafia, do the police in Ankara limit their activities?
      4. Is there a Kurdish mafia figure named "Kurdish Ahmed" in Ankara?

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch
    • "Still critical" Prospects in 2005 for Internally Displaced Kurds in Turkey - Mar. 2005 (PDF)
  • World Directory of Minorities -

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Ethnic Groups/Race - Roma

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Roma - 2009 (PDF)

n-Government Organization Reports

  • World Directory of Minorities - Roma (PDF)

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Gender

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Women - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance - Turkey: Women fearing gender-based violence - Feb 2016 (PDF)
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Women - 2009 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • TUR104074.E - Turkey: Domestic violence, including legislation, state protection and support services - May 2012 (PDF)
    • TUR43000.E - Turkey: Forced marriage in Turkey; outcome when a woman refuses to marry the designated man; outcome when a woman elopes with another man; attitude of state and availability of state protection (July 2001 -September 2004) - Sept. 2004 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • Women subjected to domestic violence in turkey - June 2009 (PDF)

    • Honour killings in Turkey - June 2009 (PDF)


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Human Rights

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Human Rights -2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Human Rights - 2009 (PDF)
  • UK Home office - Country Information and Guidance - Turkey: Human Rights Defenders - March 2016 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • TUR42841.E- Reports of human rights violations committed by the Turkish military against civilians living in the Bingol province, particularly in the Kigi district (November 1996 - April 1998) - August 2004 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International - 2018 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF)
    • Turkey: No end in sight: Purged public sector workers denied a future in Turkey - May 2017 (PDF)
  • Freedom House - 20172016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch -  2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch

    • "In Custody Police" Torture and Abductions in Turkey - Oct. 2017 (PDF)
    • Turkey's Human Rights Rollback Recommendations for Reform - Sept. 2014 (PDF)
    • "We Need a Law for Liberation" Gender, Sexuality, and Human Rights in a Changing Turkey - May 2008 (PDF)

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Justice System

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Arbitrary Arrest or Detention - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance  
    • Turkey: Prison Conditions - Feb 2016 (PDF)
    • Turkey: Background information, including actors of protection and internal relocation - Judiciary - Feb. 2016 (PDF)
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Judiciary - 2009 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • TUR105749.E - Information on the 2014 law on military service, including possibilities for exemption by paying a fee; implementation of the law (2014-September 2016) - Jan. 2017 (PDF)
    • TUR104092.E - Turkey: Treatment of detainees in police custody; recourses available to detainees to file complaints against the police and their effectiveness - June 2012 (PDF)
    • TUR42995.E - Turkey: Response from the police and judicial system to complaints of religious violence or harassment filed by Alevis in Istanbul and other parts of Turkey; whether there is any difference in the situation of Alevis in Istanbul and other parts of Turkey (September 2001 - September 2004) - Sept. 2004 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch
    • Small Group Isolation in F-type Prisons and the Violent Transfers of Prisoners to Sincan, Kandira, and Edirne Prisons on December 19, 2000 - Apr. 2001
    • Torture and Mistreatment in Pre-Trial Detention by Anti-Terror Police - 1997

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Law

US Government Reports

  • Library of Congress - Law Library of Congress (LLOC)
    • Family Reunification Laws in Selected Jurisdictions - July 2014 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Constitution - 2009 (PDF)

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Maps

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Geography - 2009 (PDF)

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Medical Availability

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Medical Issues - 2009 (PDF)

International Government Organization Reports

  • World Health Organization Page

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Political Figures and Parties

US Government Reports

  • CIA - Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members of Foreign Governments - Turkey
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Elections and Political Participation - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
    • Information on the Islamic Welfare Party (IWP) and Islamic Virtue Party (IVP) and Protests Against the Headdress Ban - Dec. 2000 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance
    • Country Policy and Information Note Turkey: Kurdish political parties - Aug. 2018 (PDF)
    • Country Policy and Information Note Turkey: Kurdish political parties - Aug. 2017 (PDF)
    • Country Policy and Information Note Turkey: Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) Political Parties – Aug. 2017 (PDF)
    • Turkey: HDP (Peoples' Democratic Party) -  March 2016 (PDF)
    • Turkey: Membership of, or association with, the PKK - Feb 2016 (PDF)
    • Turkey: Background information, including actors of protection and internal relocation - Political System - Feb. 2016 (PDF)
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report
    • Political Affiliation - 2009 (PDF)
    • Political Organisations and Other Groups - 2009 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • TUR103419.E - Turkey: The situation and treatment of members and supporters of the Democratic Society Party (Democratik Toplum Partisi, DTP) and the Peace and Democracy Party (Bariş ve Demokrasi Partisi, BDP) - Mar. 2010 (PDF)
    • TUR103407.E - Turkey: Whether the People's Democracy Party (Halkin Demokrasi Partisi, HADEP) continued unofficially after its ban in March 2003; whether the Democratic People's Party (Demokratik Halk Partisi, DEHAP) or Democratic Society Party (Democratik Toplum Partisi, DTP) were informally referred to as HADEP - Mar. 2010 (PDF)
    • TUR43103.E - Turkey: A copy of the identification card and application form for membership in the Democratic People's Party (DEHAP) - Nov. 2004 (PDF)
    • TUR42999.E - Turkey: The Human Rights Association (IHD), including its aims, objectives and its leaders; whether the IHD is associated with the People's Democracy Party (HADEP) and the Democratic People's Party (DEHAP); the treatment of IHD members and workers; the status of IHD branches, including which, if any, have been closed down; ways by which IHD members are identified (January 2001 - October 2004) - Oct. 2004 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch Annual Reports - Political Party - 2018 (PDF)

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Refugees

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Internally Displaced Persons - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance - Turkey: Background information, including actors of protection and internal relocation - Feb 2016 (PDF)
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Refugees - 2009 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Stranded – Refugees in Turkey Denied Protection – Apr. 2009 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch
    • "When I Picture My Future, I See Nothing" Barriers to Education for Syrian Refugee Children in Turkey - Nov. 2015 (PDF)
    • Turkey's Failed Policy to Aid the Forcibly Displaced in the Southeast - June 1996 (PDF)
  • International Crisis Group
    • Turkey's Syrian Refugees: Defusing Metropolitan Tensions - Jan. 2018 (PDF)
    • Blurring the Borders: Syrian Spillover Risks for Turkey - Apr. 2013 (PDF)

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Religion

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Religion - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • State Department International Religious Freedom Report - 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF)
  • US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
    • Information on the Islamic Welfare Party (IWP) and Islamic Virtue Party (IVP) and Protests Against the Headdress Ban - Dec. 2000 (PDF)
    • Information On Conversion From Islam To Christianity - Oct. 1998 (PDF)
  • US Commission on International Religious Freedom - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Religious Freedom - 2009 (PDF)
  • Country Policy and Information Note Turkey: Gülenism – Apr. 2017 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • TUR104634.E - Turkey: Treatment of atheists by society and the authorities, particularly in Istanbul; whether local militias serve as informants to the government to report the religious practices of citizens (2011-October 2013) - Nov. 21013 (PDF)
    • TUR43002.E - Turkey: The situation of Alevi Kurdish students at Turkish universities (specifically those in Istanbul and Ankara), particularly whether they are experiencing discrimination; the extent to which the university administration and police tolerate or investigate complaints; internal complaint processes (April 2002 - September 2004) - Sept. 2004 (PDF)
    • TUR43001.E - Turkey: whether Istanbul's Gazi District is predominantly Alevi (Alawi) and whether there are other districts in Istanbul which are mainly dominated by Alevis (September 2001 - September 2004) - Sept. 2004 (PDF)
    • TUR42435.E - Turkey: The likelihood that the Turkish authorities would change identity cards and civil status registers in order to change Christian given names and the Christian religion to Muslim names and the Muslim religion; the registration of Christian births - Feb. 2004 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Institute on Religion and Public Policy Report (PDF)

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Religions Group - Alevis

Foreign Government Reports

  • Country Policy and Information Note Turkey: Alevis – Aug. 2017 (PDF)
  • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance - Turkey: Alevis - Feb. 2016 (PDF)
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Alevis - 2009 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
  1.  Does the Syrian government encourage educated Alevi Muslims from Turkey to settle in Syria?
  2. If so, do they have any legal right of entry and residence in Syria?
  3. Please provide information on the current situation of Alevi Muslims in Turkey.
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • TUR105167.E - Turkey: Situation of Alevis, including political and religious rights; treatment of Alevis by society and authorities; state protection (June 2012-May 2015) - June 2015 (PDF)
    • TUR104554.E - Turkey: Frequency of torture used by authorities, particularly on Kurdish and Alevi protestors and activists, including instances when torture is used on temporary detainees (2012-August 2013) - Aug. 2013 (PDF)
    • TUR104391.E - Turkey: The difference between the beliefs and practices of Alevis and those of Alawis (Nusayris); treatment of both groups by authorities (2012-April 2013) - Apr. 2013 (PDF)
    • TUR42995.E - Turkey: Response from the police and judicial system to complaints of religious violence or harassment filed by Alevis in Istanbul and other parts of Turkey; whether there is any difference in the situation of Alevis in Istanbul and other parts of Turkey (September 2001 - September 2004) - Sept. 2004 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • World Directory of Minorities - Alevis (PDF)

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Religions Group - Christians

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Christians - 2009 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • TUR105149.E - Turkey: Situation of Christian Turks of Armenian descent, including treatment by society and authorities (2014- April 2015) - April 2015 (PDF)

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Religions Group - Jews

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Jews - 2009 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • World Directory of Minorities - Jews (PDF)

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Sexual Orientation

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Sexual Orientation - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Persons - 2009 (PDF)
  • Country Policy and Information Note Turkey: Sexual orientation and gender identity  - June 2017 (PDF)
  • UK Country Information and Guidance - Turkey: Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity - Mar. 2016 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • TUR42961.E - Military and societal treatment of homosexuals who have been deemed unfit to serve in the military and/or who have been discharged from the military due to their sexual orientation (January 2002 - September 2004) - Sept. 2004 (PDF)
    • TUR42992.E - The treatment of sexual minorities, particularly lesbians, homosexuals and transsexuals, by state and non-state agents, including the police; protection available to sexual minorities who have been victimized (July 2002 - September 2004) - Sept. 2004 (PDF)


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Specific Country Issues - Military Service

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Home office - Country Information and Guidance -
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • TUR103457.E - Turkey: Compulsory military service for Turkish citizens living abroad - May 2010 (PDF)
    • TUR103456.E - Turkey: Whether there is a minimum period of service for volunteer recruits in the military; whether volunteer recruits face any restrictions in obtaining a discharge - May 2010 (PDF)
    • TUR103064.E - Turkey: Whether enrolling in a four-year academic program at a university automatically grants ament of military service for the four-year period, even if an individual fails his courses or does not attend classes; whether the university issues a declaration stating that an individual will be a student at the university upon receiving tuition payment, even if he has failed the previous academic year - Feb. 2009 (PDF)
    • TUR103063.E - Turkey: Documentation that male students need forment from military service; documentation required for students to travel abroad; whether a Canadian student visa would entitle the student to continuement of military service for academic purposes - Feb. 2009 (PDF)
    • TUR42997.E - Turkey: The circumstances under which a person who has not completed his military service, could be issued a passport; special restrictions on passports issued to persons who are eligible for service but have not yet performed their military service (January 1999 - September 2004) - Sept. 2004 (PDF)
    • TUR42660.E - Turkey: Military service, including penalties for evasion, the definition of "severe prison sentence"; treatment of conscientious objectors (January 2003 - August 2004) - Aug. 2004 (PDF)
    • TUR42435.E - Turkey: The possible entries (and their meaning) that can be made in the space concerning military service on the last page of the Turkish passport; the manner by which Turkish border officials are notified of an individual's draft evasion - Feb. 2004 (PDF)

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Speech/Press/Internet

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Speech and Press - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Freedom of Speech and Media - 2009 (PDF)
  • UK Home Office - Country Information and Guidance - Turkey: Journalists - Mar. 2016 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • TUR43143.FE - Turkey: Situation of artists, specifically sculptors; treatment by Islamists of artists who portray nudes; state protection available to artists who are harassed or threatened by Islamists (2002-November 2004) - Nov. 2004 (PDF)

    • TUR42606.E- Turkey: The publication Zafer (Victory), including whether it is associated with Hezmat or Fethullah Gulen and whether individuals associated with it have been harassed or mistreated by the police or other authorities - June 2004 (PDF)

Non-Government Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Blocking of Istanbul Pride March the latest blow to right to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly - June 2017 (PDF)
    • Journalism Is Not A Crime “Crackdown on media freedom in Turkey” - May 2017 (PDF)
  • Freedom House
  • Human Rights Watch
    • Human Rights Watch Annual Report - Freedom of Expression - 2018 (PDF)
    • Violations of Free Expression in Turkey - Feb 1999

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Timeline

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Recent History - 2009 (PDF)
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Time Line - 2009 (PDF)

Media


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Trafficking

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Trafficking in Persons - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • Trafficking in Persons Report - Turkey - 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Trafficking - 2009 (PDF)

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime - Global Report on Trafficking in Persons - Western and Central Europe - 2016 (PDF)

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Terrorism

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Terrorism - 2017 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF)

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Torture

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment -2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • TUR104554.E - Turkey: Frequency of torture used by authorities, particularly on Kurdish and Alevi protestors and activists, including instances when torture is used on temporary detainees (2012-August 2013) - Aug. 2013 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch Annual Report - Torture - 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch
    • "In Custody Police" Torture and Abductions in Turkey - Oct. 2017 (PDF)
    • A Blank Check - Turkey’s Post-Coup Suspension of Safeguards Against Torture - Oct. 2016 (PDF)
    • Torture and Mistreatment in Pre-Trial Detention by Anti-Terror Police - 1997

 


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Updated October 19, 2018

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