Federal Republic of Nigeria

Citizenship and Country Documents

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Citizenship and Nationality - June 2013 (PDF), Jan. 2012 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA103497.E - The rules and procedures for a non-Nigerian wife of a Nigerian citizen to acquire Nigerian citizenship, in particular how Nigerian authorities interpret articles 26 and 28 of the Constitution and the meaning of "a person of good character"; the rules and procedures for granting special immigrant status with full residential rights to a non-Nigerian spouse of a Nigerian citizen - June 2010 (PDF)
    • NGA102953.E - The status of Nigerians living in the Bakassi Peninsula; whether they are considered to be Nigerian citizens or citizens of Cameroon; whether individuals of Nigerian descent are free to move back to Nigeria - Oct. 2008 (PDF)
    • NGA100148.E - Exit and re-entry regulations; maximum length of stay to which a non-Nigerian citizen would be entitled and whether such an individual would be allowed to work - Aug. 2005 (PDF)

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Birth Certificates

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA103787.E - Requirements and procedures an adult must fulfill to obtain a birth certificate, including for those who apply from within the country and from abroad - Aug. 2011 (PDF)
    • NGA103690.FE - The birth registration rate; whether a birth certificate is required to enroll in an elementary or secondary school; other identity documents that can be used to enroll in school or to obtain travel documents; the appearance of an affidavit that accompanies the Certificate of Origin and the information in it - Feb. 2011 (PDF)
    • NGA102888.E - Birth registration process - Aug. 2008 (PDF)

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Death Certificates

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA103704.E - Process to obtain a death certificate from the National Population Commission (NPC), including persons entitled to obtain one, the documents that must be submitted, the cost, and the time required to issue the certificate - Mar. 2011 (PDF)
    • NGA103172.E - The death registration process, including the process to obtain a death certificate - Sept. 2009 (PDF)

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Driver's License

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA103954.E - Nigeria: Federal driver's licence authority; requirements and procedures to obtain and renew a federal driver's licence in the old and new licence systems; differences in obtaining and renewing a driver's licence between 2007 and January 2012; appearance of the driver's licence; Lagos state procedures to obtain a driver's licence - Mar. 2012 (PDF)
    • NGA103811.E - Sample of the Nigerian International Driving Permit (IDP) - Aug. 2011 (PDF)
    • NGA103700.FE - Whether Nigeria issues international driver's licenses; if so, information on the issuing authority and the procedure for obtaining one (2008-2011) - Feb. 2011 (PDF)
    • NGA103217.E - Whether driver's licences in the format of the one provided to the Research Directorate were issued in February 2007; format and appearance of drivers' licence being issued in 2009 - Sept. 2009 (PDF)
    • NGA102509.E - Features of the Nigerian driver's licence; whether the licence has two pictures of the cardholder; whether errors occur on the licence and if so, whether issuing clerks correct them; whether an applicant must have a residence address in the state that is issuing the licence; whether applicants are able to bypass application procedures by paying a bribe to issuing authorities - Aug. 2007 (PDF)
    • NGA100146.E - Issuance procedures for driver's licences - June 2005 (PDF)

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False Documents

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA103508.FE - False documents available in Nigeria and from Nigeria - July 2010 (PDF)
    • NGA43280.E - Availability of false documents in and from Nigeria - Jan. 2005 (PDF)

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Identification

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA103689.FE - The number of National Identity Cards (NIC) issued to date and their usage (2005-January 2011) - Feb. 2011 (PDF)
    • NGA103633.E - Whether the Nigerian High Commission in Ottawa verifies identity documents against a database or contacts the issuing authority when issuing an emergency Certificate for Identification; information on how affidavits are verified for authenticity - Nov. 2010 (PDF)
    • NGA103601.E - Information on how the Nigerian Consulate in Ottawa verifies a person's identity when issuing an emergency certificate for identification; circumstances under which an emergency certificate for identification would be issued rather than a passport. - Oct. 2010 (PDF)
    • NGA102887.E - The issuance of national identity cards after 2003; description of the card; prevalence of false national ID cards; introduction of the new card - Aug. 2008 (PDF)
    • NGA43281.E - Information on the various identity documents in Nigeria and the names of the agencies that issue them - Jan. 2005 (PDF)

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Name Change

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA103522.FE - The procedure that a citizen of Nigeria must follow in order to change his or her name; the authorities responsible for this procedure; reasons for which an individual can change name; requirements to be met and documents to be submitted - July 2010 (PDF)

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National Registry

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA103904.FE - Nigeria: Whether there is a national registry of the names and address of all health professionals, including nurses, who were or who currently are working; if so, whether this registry is updated when a health professional (who was or who currently is working) changes address; people who have access to this registry - June 2012 (PDF)
    • NGA103905.FE - Nigeria: Whether there is a national registry of the names and addresses of all education professionals, including teachers, who were or who currently are working; if so, whether this registry is updated when the address of an education professional (who was or who currently is working) is changed; people who have access to this registry - June 2012 (PDF)

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Passports / Travel Documents

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA103976.E - The e-passport and the machine-readable passport (MRP); procedures to obtain an e-passport through the Nigeria High Commission in Ottawa; requirements and procedures to replace a lost or stolen passport; distinguishing features indicating whether a passport is a first-issued passport, a renewal, or a replacement for a lost or stolen passport; passport verification - Feb. 2012 (PDF)
    • NGA103507.FE - Procedure for issuing passports inside and outside of Nigeria, including information included in the passport and the measures taken to detect fraudulent passports; whether passports from the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) are issued in Nigeria - July 2010 (PDF)
    • NGA102771.E - Whether Nigerian embassies or consulates in the United States (US) were issuing or renewing passports in November 2001; if yes, what was the process at that time to apply for or renew a Nigerian passport in the US; whether there was a code on the passport indicating where it was issued - Feb. 2008 (PDF)
    • NGA100543.E - Procedures followed by the Nigeria High Commission in Ottawa when issuing Emergency Travel Certificates - Jan. 2006 (PDF)
    • NGA100154.E - Documentation required and procedures to be followed by a parent wishing to travel abroad with a minor child in the absence, or without the consent, of the second parent - Aug. 2005 (PDF)
    • NGA100147.E - Passport issuance procedures within Nigeria - Aug. 2005 (PDF)
    • NGA42971.E - Whether a person can apply for, renew or replace a Nigerian passport while residing in a foreign country and, if so, the procedure and documents required; details regarding the passport photo; whether a woman's married or maiden name appears on the passport; whether the passport indicates that it is new, a replacement or a renewal; whether Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) passports are issued in Nigeria and, if so, since when - Feb. 2005 (PDF)

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Children

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Children - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • US Department of Labor - Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Children - June 2013 (PDF), Jan. 2012 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA104212.E - Nigeria: Social attitudes toward religious intermarriage; treatment of intermarried couples and their children by society and the authorities; protection and services available to intermarried couples - Nov. 2012 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Coalition to Stop the use of Child Soldiers - Child Soldiers Global Report - 2008 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Availability of health care for minor children in Africa. - Dec. 2010 (PDF)
    • Information regarding the death of infant males after circumcision in Nigeria, in particular young males who are circumcised a few years after birth rather than soon after birth. - Nov. 2010 (PDF)
    • The existence of orphanages and care for orphans in Nigeria. - Sept. 2010 (PDF)
    • Please indicate what difficulties a child with autism or special needs as a result of an intellectual disability would encounter in Nigeria - May 2010 (PDF)
    • Information on education in Nigeria. School standards generally, how they compare comparatively internationally, and any particular systemic or noted difficulties that undermine either the education system generally, or the operation of education in practice. Also whether any particular categories of children are discriminated against in the school system. - Mar. 2009 (PDF)

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Corruption

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Corruption and Lack of Transparency in Government - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Corruption - June 2013 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • You Have Signed Your Death Warrant’ - Torture And Other Ill Treatment By Nigeria’s Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS) - Sept. 2016 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch – 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Corruption on Trial? The Record of Nigeria's Economic and Financial Crimes Commission - Aug. 2011 (PDF)
    • "Everyone's in on the Game: Corruption and Human Rights Abuses by the Nigerian Police Force - Aug. 2010 (PDF)
    • Criminal Politics Violence, "Godfathers" and Corruption in Nigeria - Oct. 2007 (PDF)
    • Chop Fine: The Human Rights Impact of Local Government Corruption and Mismanagement in Rivers State, Nigeria - Jan. 2007 (PDF)

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Disabilities

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Disabilities - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Disability - June 2013 (PDF), Jan. 2012 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Any information on existence or treatment of "Ogbanje"; Any information on ill-treatment or otherwise of children with learning disabilities and/or autism, and the availability of professional treatment for same. - Mar. 2010 (PDF)

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Elections

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Elections - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • Congressional Research Service - Nigeria: Current Issues and U.S. Policy - Elections: The 2011 Polls and a Look Ahead to 2015 - Nov. 2013 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Elections - Jan. 2012 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Election Guide - Recent Elections
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Politics as War: Human Rights Impact and Causes of the Post-Election Violence in Rivers State, Nigeria - Mar. 2008 (PDF)
    • Human Rights Abuse and Threats to Free and Fair Election in Nigeria - Apr. 2007 (PDF)
    • Nigeria's 2003 Elections: The Unacknowledged Violence - June 2004 (PDF)
    • Testing Democracy: Political Violence in Nigeria - Apr. 2003 (PDF)
    • Transition or Travesty: Nigeria's Endless Process of Return to Civilian Rule - 1997
  • International Crisis Group
    • Nigeria's Dangerous 2015 Elections: Limiting the Violence - Nov. 2014 (PDF)
    • Lessons from Nigeria's 2011 Elections - Sept. 2011 (PDF)
    • Failed Elections, Failing State? - May 2007 (PDF)
    • Nigeria's Elections: Avoiding a Political Crisis - Mar. 2007 (PDF)
    • Want in the Midst of Plenty - The 2003 election and the second term - July 2006 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Presidential election 2011: Was the campaigning for the election free and fair? How was the poll itself, judged by international observers? Why is the outcome being disputed? - May 2011 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - National/Racial/Ethnic Minorities - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • Library of Congress - Country Profile: Nigeria - Ethnic Groups - 2008 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Ethnic Groups - June 2013 (PDF), Jan. 2012 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA104216.E - Nigeria: Whether a member of an ethnic group can be identified by physical characteristics, manner of dress, or by any other means; obstacles faced when relocating to Abuja, Lagos or Port Harcourt - Nov. 2012 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • "They Do Not Own This Place" Government Discrimination Against "Non-Indigenes" in Nigeria - Apr. 2006 (PDF)
  • Minority Rights Group International - State of the World's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Delta Minority Groups

Non-Government Organization Reports


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Ethnic Groups / Race - Esan

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Treatment of the Esan ethnic group in Uromi - Oct. 2011 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Igbo

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA103625.E - Information on the demographic profile of Port Harcourt, including the percentage of Igbo residents; whether Igbo who relocate to Port Harcourt experience social, economic or linguistic difficulties - Oct. 2010
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Minority Rights Group International - Igbo (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on the current treatment of the Osu caste by the Igbo tribe - 2012 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Itsekiri

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • International Crisis Group
    • Fuelling the Niger Delta Crisis - The Ijaw-Itsekiri crisis - Sept. 2006 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center - Oct. 2010 (PDF)
    1. The similarities (if any) between Urhobo (alternatively "Sobo") and Itsekiri (alt. "Isekiri"; "Ishekiri"; etc.) language;
    2. The similarities (if any) between Urhobo and Itsekiri ethnicities/cultures/customs;
    3. The distribution of Urhobo and Itsekiri populations; including whether these groups live in the same towns/regions of Nigeria;
    4. Whether there is an information on whether Itsekiri speakers can or do speak Urhobo, and vice versa.
    5. Whether there is conflict/co-operation between Urhobo and Itsekiri people (groups or individuals), and to what extent

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Tiv

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Minority Rights Group International - Tiv (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Urhobo

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center - Oct. 2010 (PDF)
    1. The similarities (if any) between Urhobo (alternatively "Sobo") and Itsekiri (alt. "Isekiri"; "Ishekiri"; etc.) language;
    2. The similarities (if any) between Urhobo and Itsekiri ethnicities/cultures/customs;
    3. The distribution of Urhobo and Itsekiri populations; including whether these groups live in the same towns/regions of Nigeria;
    4. Whether there is an information on whether Itsekiri speakers can or do speak Urhobo, and vice versa.
    5. Whether there is conflict/co-operation between Urhobo and Itsekiri people (groups or individuals), and to what extent

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Yoruba

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA103996.E - Consequences for a Yoruba individual who refuses a chieftaincy title; protection available to those who refuse - Nov. 2012 (PDF)

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Gender

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Women - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA103907.E - Whether women who head their own households, without male or family support, can obtain housing and employment in large northern cities, such as Kano, Maiduguri, and Kaduna,and southern cities, such as Lagos, Ibadan, Port Harcourt; government support services available to female-headed households - Nov. 2012 (PDF)
    • NGA103521.FE - Situation of Christians in urban centres and northern cities, and particularly of unaccompanied women and single mothers - July 2010 (PDF)
    • NGA103509.E - Domestic violence, recourse and protection available to victims of domestic violence - July 2010 (PDF)
    • NGA102510.E - Domestic violence; recourse and protection available to victims of domestic violence - Aug. 2007 (PDF)
    • NGA101044.E - Forced marriage among the Yoruba, Igbo, and Hausa-Fulani; prevalence, consequences for a woman or minor who refuses to participate in the marriage; availability of state protection - Mar. 2006 (PDF)
    • NGA100418.E - Forced marriage under Islamic law; whether an Islamic marriage requires the final "Fatiha" ceremony be completed for the marriage to be consummated and for it to be recognized by Islamic authorities; consequences for a woman who refuses to participate in the wedding; likelihood of a university-educated woman in her twenties from Etsako, Edo state being forced into marriage. - Mar. 2006 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • Nigeria: “They betrayed us” : Women who survived boko haram raped, starved and detained in Nigeria - May 2018 (PDF)
    • Shadow Report to the African Commission on Human And Peoples Rights - Apr. 2018 (PDF)
  • International Crisis Group
    • Nigeria: Women and the Boko Haram Insurgency - Dec. 2016 (PDF)

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Human Rights

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Human Rights - June 2013 (PDF), Jan. 2012 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA34094.EX - State protection available to potential victims of ritual violence or individuals threatened by cult members since the change of government in late May 1999 - Mar. 2000 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International - 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF)
  • Amnesty International
    • Shadow Report to the African Commission on Human And Peoples Rights - Apr. 2018 (PDF)
    • A Criminal Enterprise? Shell's Involvement in Human Rights Violations in Nigeria in the 1990s - Nov. 2017 (PDF)
    • The Human Cost of a Megacity: Forced Evictions of the Urban Poor In Lagos, Nigeria - Nov. 2017 (PDF)
    • Torture in Nigeria: In summary - May 2014 (PDF)
    • Forced Eviction of Abonnema Wharf Waterfront: "Pack and Go!" - July 2012 (PDF)
  • Freedom House - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch - 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • The Miss World Riots: Continued Impunity for Killing in Kaduna - July 2003 (PDF)
    • The Price of Oil: Corporate Responsibility and Human Rights Violations in Nigeria's Oil Producing Communities - 1999
    • "Permanent Transition:" Current Violations of Human Rights in Nigeria - Sept. 1996 (PDF)
    • The Ogoni Crisis: A Case-Study of Military Repression In Southeastern Nigeria - July 1995 (PDF)

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Justice System

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Arbitrary Arrest or Detention - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Judiciary - June 2013 (PDF), Jan. 2012 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA105999.E - Documents issued by police during criminal investigations or in response to a complaint, including police reports; procedures for an individual to obtain a copy of a police report within the country as well as from abroad; appearance of police reports, including whether there are uniform characteristics or variance across the country – Nov. 2017 (PDF)
    • NGA106010.E - Warrants of arrest, including those issued by the High Court of the Delta State; issuance procedures, methods of delivery, description of the document and the information it contains; prevalence of fraudulent warrants of arrest – Nov. 2017 (PDF)
    • NGA106000.E - Information on a national police computer network for information sharing; nature and extent of communication between police offices across the country; whether police offices in different states are obligated to report to each other regarding persons of interest who are suspected of having relocated; whether a link to a police computer network is available at international airports - Nov. 2017 (PDF)
    • NGA104218.E - Prevalence of ritual murder and human sacrifice; police and state response - Nov. 2012 (PDF)
    • NGA103997.E - Whether the police force has a national computer network for information sharing; nature and extent of communication between police offices across the country; whether police offices in different states are obligated to report to each other regarding persons of interest who are suspected of having relocated; whether a link to a police computer network is available at international airports - May 2012 (PDF)
    • NGA103988.E - Appearance of police reports, including whether there are uniform characteristics or variance across the country - Apr. 2012 (PDF)
    • NGA103884.E - Procedures for obtaining, from abroad, a copy of a complaint lodged with the police; whether the police report can be obtained by a proxy - Mar. 2012 (PDF)
    • NGA103912.E - Whether police in Southern Nigeria arrested members of the Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB) in 2010; if so, their treatment by the police; whether the Nigerian Police Force pursues people who use bribes to flee detention and who have no charges against them - Dec. 2011 (PDF)
    • NGA102889.E - Structure and size of the police force; availability of complaint mechanisms; whether there is communication between the divisions and commands across the country; whether authorities in Sharia states can execute their warrants, make arrests and lay charges in non-Sharia states - July 2008 (PDF)
    • NGA102904.E - Whether the police in Nigeria detain family members or friends of wanted persons and if so, the manner in which these persons are treated; length of time they may be detained; legal recourse available to them - July 2008 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • Shadow Report to the African Commission on Human And Peoples Rights - Apr. 2018 (PDF)
    • "Killing at Will" - Extrajudicial executions and other unlawful killings by the police in Nigeria - 2009 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch – 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • "Everyone's in on the Game: Corruption and Human Rights Abuses by the Nigerian Police Force - Aug. 2010 (PDF)
    • "Rest in Pieces" Police Torture and Deaths in Custody in Nigeria - July 2005 (PDF)

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Law

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA106019.E - Requirement for lawyers to affix stamps on legal documents; validity of documents issued without stamps – Nov. 2017 (PDF)
    • NGA103958.E - Treatment of sexual minorities, including legislation, state protection, and support services; the safety of sexual minorities living in Lagos and Abuja - Feb. 2012 (PDF)
    • NGA103497.E - The rules and procedures for a non-Nigerian wife of a Nigerian citizen to acquire Nigerian citizenship, in particular how Nigerian authorities interpret articles 26 and 28 of the Constitution and the meaning of "a person of good character"; the rules and procedures for granting special immigrant status with full residential rights to a non-Nigerian spouse of a Nigerian citizen - June 2010 (PDF)

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Sharia Law

US Government Reports
  • Congressional Research Service - Nigeria: Current Issues and U.S. Policy - Islamic Sharia Law - Nov. 2013 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA103574.E - Whether Muslim clerics, groups or governmental authorities issue death sentences for blasphemy; if so, who has the right to issue and enforce such sentences; whether such sentences would extend to family members; in particular, whether there are death sentences issued by individuals who are not part of Sharia courts within states that are not officially applying Sharia law - Sept. 2010 (PDF)
    • NGA103580.E - Whether Islamic law (Sharia) is applicable in Edo State; whether there are Sharia courts in Edo state; if so, information on the types of issues that are brought before the Sharia courts as well as on who enforces decisions rendered by the Sharia courts - Sept. 2010 (PDF)
    • NGA100173.E - Whether authorities in Sharia states can execute their warrants, make arrests and lay charges in non-Sharia states - June 2005 (PDF)
    • NGA43283.E - Penalty under Sharia law for a man who has premarital sex - Jan. 2005 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Human Rights Watch
    • Political Shari'a: Human Rights Law in Northern Nigeria - Sept. 2004 (PDF)
  • International Crisis Group
    • Want in the Midst of Plenty - Shari'a Law and Christian Revivalism - July 2006 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Recent reports regarding the treatment of persons who convert from Islam to Christianity. Recent reports on Sharia law in relation to religious conversion. - June 2012 (PDF)

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Maps

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Map - June 2013 (PDF), Jan. 2012 (PDF)

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Medical Availability

US Government Reports
  • Congressional Research Service - Nigeria: Current Issues and U.S. Policy - HIV/AIDS, Education, and Population Growth - Nov. 2013 (PDF)
  • Library of Congress - Country Profile: Nigeria - Health - 2008 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Medical Issues - June 2013 (PDF), Jan. 2012 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA102418.E - Treatment of persons with HIV/AIDS by society; medical/health services available to persons with HIV/AIDS - Feb. 2007 (PDF)
International Government Organization Reports
  • World Health Organization Page
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Availability of health care for minor children in Africa. - Dec. 2010 (PDF)
    • Information regarding the death of infant males after circumcision in Nigeria, in particular young males who are circumcised a few years after birth rather than soon after birth. - Nov. 2010 (PDF)
    • Information regarding access to medical help in Nigeria for diabetes, to include sufferers who are impecunious. - Apr. 2010 (PDF)
    • Information on the availability of psychiatric treatment in Nigeria. - Oct. 2009 (PDF)
    • Information on the facilities in Lagos and other parts of Nigeria for those with AIDS. - June 2009 (PDF)

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Political Figures and Parties

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA104232.E - Whether each state has a ministry of local government and chieftaincy affairs - Nov. 2012 (PDF)
    • NGA104032.E - The Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN), including its structure, name of president and principal leaders; treatment of its members by the authorities - Mar. 2012 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • International Crisis Group
    • Nigeria's Faltering Federal Experiment - Oct. 2006 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Treatment of Action Congress Party personnel by other political parties - Sept. 2010 (PDF)
    • Information on membership and treatment of members of the PDP Party. - May 2009 (PDF)

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Refugees / IDPs

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Protection of Refugees - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Refugee - June 2013 (PDF), Jan. 2012 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA103715.E - Role and actions of government agencies that assist internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees, particularly women (2009 - March 2011) - June 2011 (PDF)
International Government Organization Reports
  • UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) -  International Protection Considerations with regard to people fleeing northeastern Nigeria (the states of Borno, Yobe and Adamawa) and surrounding region – Update I - Oct. 2014
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • Shadow Report to the African Commission on Human And Peoples Rights - Apr. 2018 (PDF)

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Religion

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Religion - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • State Department International Religious Freedom Report - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • United States Commission on International Religious Freedom - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF), 2008 (PDF), 2007 (PDF), 2006 (PDF)
  • United States Commission on International Religious Freedom
    • Nigeria: Boko Haram's Religiously-Motivated Attacks - Aug. 2013 (PDF)
    • Factsheet: Religious Freedom Violations and Religious Violence in Nigeria - July 2012 (PDF)
  • Library of Congress - Country Profile: Nigeria - Religion - 2008 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Religious Freedom - June 2013 (PDF), Jan. 2012 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA104211.E - Treatment of Christians who convert to Islam; treatment of Muslims who convert to Christianity; information on state protection for mistreated religious converts - Nov. 2012 (PDF)
    • NGA104214.E - Whether mosques communicate with each other, particularly regarding fatwas; if so, the formal and informal means of communication - Oct. 2012 (PDF)
    • NGA103858.E - Whether the Calvary Church of Yahweh located on Osato Street in Sabongida-Ora city was burned down in December 2010 - Oct. 2011 (PDF)
    • NGA103521.FE - Situation of Christians in urban centres and northern cities, and particularly of unaccompanied women and single mothers - July 2010 (PDF)
    • NGA103485.E - Consequences for a person to refuse a chief priest or fetish priest position for which they have been selected in south and central Nigeria - June 2010 (PDF)
    • NGA103083.E - Situation of Jehovah's witnesses; whether they are victims of violence; state protection available to them - Mar. 2009 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Revenge in the Name of Religions: The Cycle of Violence in Plateau and Kano States - May 2005 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on recent ethno-religious rioting in Plateau State in March 2010. - June 2010 (PDF)
    • Information on a Christian group called Berome. - Apr. 2010 (PDF)
    • Current treatment by Muslims of Chrisians in Jos, Nigeria. - Feb. 2009 (PDF)
    • Reports on Inter-religious violence in Nigeria, particularly in the South (Ibadan etcÂ…) - Dec. 2008 (PDF)

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Sexual Orientation

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Sexual Orientation - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance - Nigeria: Sexual orientation and gender identity  -  Mar. 2015 (PDF)
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Persons (LGBT) Persons - June 2013 (PDF), Jan. 2012 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA103958.E - Treatment of sexual minorities, including legislation, state protection, and support services; the safety of sexual minorities living in Lagos and Abuja - Feb. 2012 (PDF)
    • NGA103556.E - Support services available to gay men in Lagos and Abuja - Aug. 2010 (PDF)
    • NGA103198.E - Treatment of homosexuals by society and government authorities; recourse and protection available to homosexuals who have been subject to ill-treatment - Aug. 2009 (PDF)
    • NGA102511.E - Treatment of homosexuals by society and government authorities; recourse and protection available to homosexuals who have been subject to ill-treatment - May 2007 (PDF)
    • NGA100486.E - Whether in the southern states of Nigeria (non-Sharia states) the police arrest and/or detain homosexuals when they are informed of homosexual activities between consenting adults - Sept. 2005 (PDF)
    • NGA43276.E - Nigeria: Situation of homosexuals and their treatment under sharia - Feb. 2005 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch -
    •  "Tell Me Where I Can Be Safe" - The Impact of Nigeria's Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Act  - Oct. 2016 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • Shadow Report to the African Commission on Human And Peoples Rights - Apr. 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch - 2018 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on homosexuals and/or gay groups in Nigeria. - Apr. 2010 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Armed Conflict

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Armed Conflicts Report - 2009
  • Amnesty International
    • ‘Bullets were raining everywhere’: Deadly repression of pro-Biafra activists - Nov. 2016 (PDF)
    • Trapped in the cycle of violence - 2012 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • "Leave Everything to God" - Accountability for Inter-Communal Violence in Plateau and Kaduna States - Dec. 2013 (PDF)
    • Arbitrary Killings by Security Forces: Submission to the Investigative Bodies on the November 28-29, 2008 Violence in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria - July 2009 (PDF)
    • The Warri Crisis: Fueling Violence - Nov. 2003 (PDF)
    • Military Revenge in Benue: A Population Under Attack - Apr. 2002 (PDF)
    • Jos: A City Torn Apart - Dec. 2001 (PDF)
    • The Ogoni Crisis: A Case-Study of Military Repression In Southeastern Nigeria - July 1995 (PDF)
  • International Crisis Group
    • Nigeria: The Challenge of Military Reform - June 2016 (PDF)
    • Curbing Violence in Nigeria: The Jos Crisis - Dec. 2012 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Armed Conflict - Niger Delta

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA103789.FE - Government amnesty program for Niger Delta militants, particularly with respect to the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) (2009-August 2011) - Aug. 2011 (PDF)
    • NGA103271.E - Whether the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) sponsors cultist activites on university campuses and supplies student cults with weapons - Oct. 2009 (PDF)
    • NGA103268.E - Whether the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) forcibly recruits local oil workers; actions of the government to combat such recruitment and protection available - Sept. 2009 (PDF)
    • NGA103175.E - Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND); whether it forcibly recruits its members and, if so, how; whether members are only from the Ijaw ethnic - June 2009 (PDF)
    • NGA100988.E - The "Niger Delta People's Liberation Front" and the "Niger Delta Youth of Nigeria"; their location, their leaders, their goals/ideology, their activities, and the treatment of their members by the authorities. - Jan. 2006 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • Negligence in the Niger Delta: decoding Shell and Eni’s poor record on oil spills - Mar. 2018 (PDF)
  • Armed Conflicts Report - 2009
    • "Leave Everything to God" - Accountability for Inter-Communal Violence in Plateau and Kaduna States - Dec. 2013 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Seizing the Moment in the Niger Delta - Apr. 2009 (PDF)
    • The Swamps of Insurgency: Nigeria's Delta Unrest - Aug. 2006 (PDF)
    • The Niger Delta: No Democratic Dividend - Oct. 2002 (PDF)
    • Crackdown In the Niger Delta - 1999
  • International Crisis Group
    • Curbing Violence in Nigeria (III): Revisiting the Niger Delta - Sept. 2015 (PDF)
    • Ending Unrest in the Niger Delta - Politicians, gangs and the Port Harcourt violence - Dec. 2007 (PDF)
    • Fuelling the Niger Delta Crisis - The Ijaw-Itsekiri crisis - Sept. 2006 (PDF)
    • Fuelling the Niger Delta Crisis - Gangs, guns and ballots - Sept. 2006 (PDF)
    • Fuelling the Niger Delta Crisis - Alhaji Mujahid Dokubo-Asari's challenge to the Nigerian Federation - Sept. 2006 (PDF)
    • The Swamps of Insurgency: Nigeria's Delta Unrest - Aug. 2006 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on the security situation in Delta state including terrorist activity and peace agreements. - Sept. 2011 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Cults

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Cults - June 2013 (PDF), Jan. 2012 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA103199.E - Societal and government reactions to student cult activities - Aug. 2009 (PDF)
    • NGA43278.E - Societal and government reaction to student cult activities - Feb. 2005 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Cults - The Black Confraternity

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA104208.E - The Black Axe confraternity, also known as the Neo-Black Movement of Africa, including their rituals, oaths of secrecy, and use of symbols or particular signs; whether they use force to recruit individuals - Dec. 2012 (PDF)
    • NGA43277.E - The Black Axe Confraternity, also known as the Neo-Black Movement of Africa; their treatment of anti-cultists; their forced recruitment of individuals opposed to cults; their initiation rituals and oaths of secrecy; their use of symbols or particular signs - Feb. 2005 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Cults - Deygbam

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on a group called Deygbam. - Aug. 2012 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Cults - Egbesu Boys

US Government Reports
  • RIC - "Information on the Egbesu Boys of Africa" and the "Niger Delta Volunteer Force" - Jan. 2000 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA101034.E - Egbesu Boys; leadership, membership, recruitment practices, activities, and treatment by authorities - Feb. 2006 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Cults - Ogboni Cult

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Responses (RIRs)
    • NGA104213.E - Ogboni society, including its history, structure, rituals and ceremonies; information on membership and the consequences of refusing to join - Nov. 2012 (PDF)
    • NGA104054.E - The Reformed Ogboni Fraternity (ROF), including the nature of its belief system and its purpose; whether membership is compulsory, especially for children of members, and consequences for refusing to join the ROF; whether positions within the ROF are inherited - Apr. 2012 (PDF)
    • NGA100180.E - Ogboni society including history, structure, rituals and ceremonies; membership and consequences for refusing to join - July 2005 (PDF)
    • NGA100376.E - Reformed Ogboni Fraternity (ROF) - July 2005 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on the Ogboni Cult in Nigeria. - June 2010 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Cults - O'odua People's Congress (OPC)

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA102592.E - Activities of both factions of the O'odua People's Congress (OPC) since 2006; treatment of OPC members by the Nigerian authorities - Aug. 2007 (PDF)
    • NGA101048.E - Oodua People's Congress (OPC); leadership, membership, activities, and treatment by authorities - Feb. 2006 (PDF)
    • NGA100078.E - Information on the O'odua People's Congress (OPC), including the methods of recruitment and the selection of members; implications of being a member and the consequences of refusing to join - June 2005 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • The O'odua People's Congress (OPC): Fighting Violence with Violence - Feb. 2003 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • The OPC as a vigilante/social group - recent activities - Apr.2010 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Cults - Ovia Cult

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA43240.E - The Ovia cult; its membership, doctrine, rituals, ceremonies and initation, consequences for refusing to join, and consequences for breaching the oath of secrecy - Feb. 2005 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA104220.E - Whether parents can refuse female genital mutilation for their daughters; protection available to the child - Nov. 2012 (PDF)
    • NGA103520.E - Prevalence of female genital mutilation (FGM), including ethnic groups in which FGM is prevalent; available state protection - July 2010 (PDF)
    • NGA103310.E - Whether women or girls are abducted and forced to undergo female genital mutilation (FGM) - Dec. 2009 (PDF)
    • NGA101531.E - Consequences for parents who refuse to submit their daughters to the practice of female genital mutilation; reports of women, girls or children being abducted and forced to undergo the procedure; response by authorities to complaints; and legal recourse - Oct. 2006 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on FGM in Nigeria. - Aug. 2012 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Marriage and Divorce

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Marriage and Divorce - June 2013 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA104212.E - Social attitudes toward religious intermarriage; treatment of intermarried couples and their children by society and the authorities; protection and services available to intermarried couples - Nov. 2012 (PDF)
    • NGA104207.E - Nigeria: Prevalence of forced marriage, particularly in Muslim and Yoruba communities; information on legislation, including state protection; ability of women to refuse a forced marriage - Nov. 2012 (PDF)
    • NGA104210.E - Divorce law and practices among Muslims, including grounds, procedures, length of process, property dispositions, child custody and consequences for the woman and her family - Nov. 2012 (PDF)
    • NGA104209.E - Divorce law and practices among Christians, including grounds, procedures, length of process, property dispositions, child custody and consequences for the woman and her family - Nov. 2012 (PDF)
    • NGA101044.E - Forced marriage among the Yoruba, Igbo, and Hausa-Fulani; prevalence, consequences for a woman or minor who refuses to participate in the marriage; availability of state protection - Mar. 2006 (PDF)
    • NGA100418.E - Forced marriage under Islamic law; whether an Islamic marriage requires the final "Fatiha" ceremony be completed for the marriage to be consummated and for it to be recognized by Islamic authorities; consequences for a woman who refuses to participate in the wedding; likelihood of a university-educated woman in her twenties from Etsako, Edo state being forced into marriage. - Mar. 2006 (PDF)
    • NGA101045.E - Levirate marriage practices among the Yoruba, Igbo and Hausa-Fulani; consequences for a man or woman who refuses to participate in the marriage; availability of state protection. - Mar. 2006 (PDF)
    • NGA101046.E - Divorce law and practice among Muslims, including grounds, procedures, length of process, property disposition, child custody and consequences for the woman and her family. - Mar. 2006 (PDF)
    • NGA101047.E - Divorce law and practices among Christians, including grounds, procedures, length of process, property dispositions, child custody and consequences for the woman and her family. - Mar. 2006 (PDF)
    • NGA100902.E - Prevalence of arranged marriages within the Igbo community and of arranged or forced marriages between Igbo Christian women and Muslim men; information on the availability of state protection and recourses for victims of those kinds of marriage - Dec. 2005 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on the risks young women/girls face of being placed in forced marriages or relationships. - Mar. 2011 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Militia/Militant Groups - Bakassi Boys

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ZZZ103494.FE - The Bakassi Movement for Self-Determination (BAMOSD), including its president and other high-ranking officials from 2002 to 2003; its mission and methods of action; whether it has ties to violent organizations or whether it is directly involved in violent acts; the main events in which it participated from 2002 to 2008; description of the membership card - May 2010 (PDF)
    • NGA101051.E - Bakassi Boys; leadership, membership, activities, and treatment by authorities (January 2005 - February 2006) - Feb. 2006 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • The Bakassi Boys: The Legitimization of Murder and Torture - May 2002 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Militia/Militant Groups - Biafran/Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB)

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA103197.FE - Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB), including its leaders and the recruitment of its members, whether cards or other documents are issued to members - Aug. 2009 (PDF)
    • NGA103196.FE - Treatment of the members of the Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB) and the availability of state protection - Aug. 2009 (PDF)
    • NGA103105.E - Whether the Movement for the Actualisation of the Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB) writes letters of support on behalf of its members who claim asylum abroad - Mar. 2009 (PDF)
    • NGA102877.E - The address of the head office of the Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB) and when it was acquired; the address of the MASSOB International head office and when it was acquired; whether MASSOB writes letters of support on behalf of MASSOB members; if so, the appearance and content of the letterhead of the MASSOB head office - June 2008 (PDF)
    • NGA102579.E - Whether the Movement for the Actualisation of the Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB) issues certain documents to its members; if so, the type of documents issued - Aug. 2007 (PDF)
    • NGA100172.E - Treatment of members of the Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB); availability of state protection - June 2005 (PDF)
    • NGA100170.E - Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB); date formed; leadership; location of offices; recruitment of members; whether membership cards or other documents are issued; and whether claims to membership can be verified - June 2005 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Basic information about MASSOB. - Sept. 2011 (PDF)
    • Information on the following: The current treatment of the Biafran minority by the Nigerian State. Specifically, attitude of the ruling Nigerian Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) towards Biafrans/MASSOB. If possible, details of exact number of people in Biafra detained by the Nigerian Authorities during 2005) - Mar. 2009 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Militia/Militant Groups - Movement for the Advancement of Democracy (MAD)

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA101416.E - Movement for the Advancement of Democracy (MAD); its activities and structure; whether it is outlawed; and treatment of members by the Nigerian authorities - June 2006 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Rituals/Head Hunters/Witchcraft

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Witchcraft - June 2013 (PDF), Jan. 2012 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA104218.E - Prevalence of ritual murder and human sacrifice; police and state response - Nov. 2012 (PDF)
    • NGA104217.E - Ritual whereby a widow drinks the water used to clean her husband's corpse; consequences for a widow's refusal to drink the water; whether a widow's refusal is interpreted by others as responsibility for her husband's death - Nov. 2012 (PDF)
    • NGA102846.E - The name of the river goddess of the village Enugu-Ngwo; whether she chooses a woman to become her priestess; the manner in which she chooses her priestess; the priestess's duties, including ceremonies related to infertility, widows and the circumcision of married women; the consequences of refusing to accept the position of priestess once chosen - May 2008 (PDF)
    • NGA102512.E - Consequences of refusing a chieftaincy title; protection available to individuals who refuse this title - Aug. 2007 (PDF)
    • NGA100384.E - Prevalence of ritual murder and human sacrifice and reaction by government authorities - July 2005 (PDF)
    • NGA100176.E - The belief in witchcraft; treatment of those accused of being witches and the treatment of their families; police reaction to the killing of those accused of being witches; whether there are safe areas or villages to which those accused of being witches can go - June 2005 (PDF)
    • NGA43282.E - Ritual whereby a widow drinks the water used to clean her husband's corpse; consequences for a widow's refusal to drink the water; whether a widow's refusal is interpreted by others as responsibility for her husband's death - Jan. 2005 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Are there any reports of the kidnapping in the Kirika area of River State, in August/September 2010? Any reports of the kidnapping of people from this area, for use in rituals? - Jan. 2011 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Treatment of Returnees

US Government Reports

  • RIC Report - Information on whether or not a deportee with a past drug conviction in the United States will be tortured in prison upon return to Nigeria under the present interim government of Abubakar - Mar. 1999 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Failed Asylum Seekers - Jan. 2012 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Recent information on the treatment of returnees and failed asylum seekers. - Aug. 2012 (PDF)

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Speech / Press / Internet

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Speech and Press - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report - Freedom of Speech and Media - June 2013 (PDF), Jan. 2012 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • NGA106001.E - Brown envelope journalism, including types of publications that are affected; efforts to combat the phenomenon – Nov. 2017 (PDF)
    • NGA104215.E - Situation of the communications infrastructure in Nigeria - Nov. 2012 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • Shadow Report to the African Commission on Human And Peoples Rights - Apr. 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch - 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Renewed Crackdown on Freedom of Expression - Dec. 2003 (PDF)
  • Freedom House

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Timeline

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Time Line - June 2013 (PDF), Jan. 2012 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • Issue Paper - Chronology of Events February 1995 - March 1996 - July 1996 (PDF)
    • Issue Paper - Chronology of Events January 1992 - February 1995 - June 1995 (PDF)
Media

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Trafficking

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Tracking - June 2013 (PDF), Jan. 2012 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • COI Compilation on Human Trafficking – Dec. 2017 (PDF)

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime - Global Report on Trafficking in Persons - Sub-Saharan Africa - 2016 (PDF)

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Terrorism

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Terrorism - 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF)

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Terrorist Group - Boko Haram

US Government Reports
  • The Law Library of Congress - Nigeria: Boko Haram - July 2014 (PDF)
  • Congressional Research Service
    • Nigeria's Boko Haram: Frequently Asked Questions - May 2014 (PDF)
    • Nigeria: Current Issues and U.S. Policy - Boko Haram and Militant Islam in Nigeria - Nov. 2013 (PDF)
  • United States Commission on International Religious Freedom - Nigeria: Boko Haram's Religiously-Motivated Attacks - Aug. 2013 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origin Information (COI) Report

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Nigeria: “They betrayed us” : Women who survived boko haram raped, starved and detained in Nigeria - May 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch - 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Spiraling Violence: Boko Haram Attacks and Security Force Abuses in Nigeria - 2012 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on the Islamic sect, "Boko Haram" or similar sounding names/spellings. - Aug. 2009 (PDF)
  • International Crisis Group
    • Preventing Boko Haram Abductions of Schoolchildren in Nigeria - Apr. 2018 (PDF)
    • Watchmen of Lake Chad: Vigilante Groups Fighting Boko Haram - Feb. 2017 (PDF)
    • Nigeria: Women and the Boko Haram Insurgency - Dec. 2016 (PDF)
    • Curbing Violence in Nigeria: The Boko Haram Insurgency - Apr. 2014 (PDF)

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Torture

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • Shadow Report to the African Commission on Human And Peoples Rights - Apr. 2018 (PDF)

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Updated July 24, 2018

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