Republic of Colombia

col200263.e_rir_colombia.pdfCitizenship and Country Documents

US Government Reports
  • State Department - Country Documents
  • Library of Congress - Law Library of Congress (LLOC)
    • Family Reunification Laws in Selected Jurisdictions - July 2014 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • Birth Certificates
      • COL42724.E - Whether the law allows a notary public to issue a birth certificate for a minor based only on the affidavit of the parents; information on the process to acquire a birth certificate including documents needed. - June 2004 (PDF)
    • Citizen Identity Card
      • COL102666.E - Application requirements and processing times for obtaining citizen identity documents; the government department that issues them; whether the applicant must apply in person within Colombia; (whether a male applicant's military record is considered). - Nov. 2007 (PDF)
    • Citizenship
      • ZZZ200112.E -  Whether Colombian citizenship is transmitted through both parents and whether both parents are required to provide identification documents; alternative application procedures when one parent is estranged from the child; special procedures for Venezuelan children born to a Colombian parent (2018-February 2020). - May 2020 (PDF)
      • COL104916.E - Requirements and procedures for a person born in another country to Colombian parents to acquire citizenship; requirements and procedures for the spouse and child of a citizen to obtain permanent residency; rights and social benefits available to permanent residents - July 2014 (PDF)
      • COL42893.E - Whether the Colombian government has the discretion to accept or refuse an application for recovery of Colombian nationality or whether it must automatically accept such applications if all requirements have been fulfilled. - July 2004 (PDF)
    • Driver’s License
      • COL104329.E - Driver's licenses, including format and process to obtain one; renewal process, including whether it can be done outside the country. - April 2013 (PDF)
    • Foreign Residency Card
      • COL101898.E - Whether the holder of a Colombian foreign resident identity card (Cédula de Extranjería) can exit from and return to Colombia while the card is valid; documentation required and procedures followed to renew the card; documentation required and procedures followed by an individual who holds a temporary foreign resident card (Cédula de Extranjería Temporal) to obtain a foreign resident card. - Jan. 2007 (PDF)
    • Identity  Documents
      • COL42726.E - After a person has changed his or her name, whether a "cédula" (identity card) bears a new issue date or the date of original issue. - June 2004 (PDF)
    • Medical Reports
      • COL103881.E - Requirements and procedures for obtaining a medical report within Colombia as well as from abroad; whether medical reports can be obtained through a proxy; if so, requirements and procedures; whether there is a national standard format for medical reports issued by all hospitals in the country, and the information contained therein; whether doctors have an obligation to report serious or crime-related injuries. - January 2012 (PDF)
    • Military Service Card
      • COL104534.FE - The military service card, including whether it indicates where the person was stationed and the unit in which they served; the significance of the reserve classes; whether the military service card differs depending on soldier rank (2006-2013) - August 2013 (PDF)
    • Name Change
      • COL42725.E - Whether the law allows a person to change his/her last name or just their first name. - June 2004 (PDF)
    • Passports
      • COL105468.E - Colombia: requirements and procedures to obtain a biometric passport from within Colombia and abroad, including requirements and procedures to replace a lost or stolen passport and to renew an expired passport; appearance and security features of the passport (2014-April 2016) - Apr. 11, 2016 (PDF)
      • COL104008.E - Whether Colombian citizens are required to have their passports stamped upon exit from and entry into Colombia; if so, whether this procedure is applied uniformly at all immigration posts. - February 2012 (PDF)
      • COL103875.E - Procedures and documents required to obtain a passport from within Colombia, including processing times; procedures and documents required to replace a lost or stolen passport, and to renew an expired passport, including from abroad; the appearance of the passport. - November 2011 (PDF)
      • COL100935.E - Whether a passport can be issued to a minor in the absence of either parent; documentation required for a minor to exit Colombia when not accompanied by one of the parents. - Jan. 2006 (PDF)
      • COL100383.E - Whether Colombian citizens are required to have their passports stamped upon exit from and entry into Colombia; if so, whether this requirement is enforced by Colombian authorities (January 2005 - August 2005). - Aug. 2005 (PDF)

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Children

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COL100935.E - Whether a passport can be issued to a minor in the absence of either parent; documentation required for a minor to exit Colombia when not accompanied by one of the parents. - Jan. 2006 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers - Child Soldiers Global Report - Colombia - 2008 (PDF)

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Corruption

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Corruption and Lack of Transparency in Government -  2019 (PDF), 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COL103829.E - Police corruption, including involvement of police officers in drug-related criminal activity and the state response; procedures for filing complaints against police officers for corruption or inaction. - October 2011 (PDF)
    • COL106376.E  - Prevalence of fraudulent documents, including whether genuine documents can be obtained using false information; reports of fraudulent documents such as letters of employment, letters about community activism or involvement in a teacher's union (2016-October 2019). - Nov. 2019 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • InSight Crime
    • Colombia Elites and Organized Crime. 2016 (PDF)


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Disabilities

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Persons with Disabilities - 2019 (PDF), 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Non Government Organization Reports
  • UN CEDAW & International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission
    • From Forced Sterilization to Forced Psychiatry: Violations of the Human Rights of Women with Disabilities and Transgender Persons in Colombia. Oct. 2013

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Elections

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Elections and Political Participation - 2019 (PDF), 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Election Guide - Recent Elections
  • International Crisis Group
    • Cutting the Links Between Crime and Local Politics: Colombia's 2011 Elections - Latin America Report N°37 - July 2011 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - National/Racial/Ethnic Minorities - 2019 (PDF), 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
  • Library of Congress - Area Handbook Series
Non-Government Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • Colombia: Restoring the Land, securing the Peace - Indigenous and Afro-Descendant Territoral rights - Nov. 2015 (PDF)
    • The Struggle for Survival and Dignity: Human Rights Abuses Against Indigenous Peoples in Colombia - Feb. 2010 (PDF)
  • Minority Rights Group International - State of the World's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF)
  • The Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA)
    • "8 Years after Plan Colombia" by the Association of Indigenous Cabildos of Northern Cauca (ACIN) documents the disastrous consequences of the internal armed conflict in Northern Cauca. - August 2010 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Afro-Colombians

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COL200219.E - Colombia: Situation of Afro-Colombians, including treatment by society and authorities; state protection and support services available - May 2020 (PDF)
    • COL105117.E - Colombia: Situation and treatment of Afro-Colombians in Medellín, Bogotá, and Cali; legal recourse and support services (2012-March 2015) April 20, 2015

    • COL103828.E - Situation of Afro-Colombians, particularly in Medellin; municipal efforts to address crime and poverty in Medellin. - October 2011 (PDF)
    • COL102836.E - Forcible recruitment of Afro-Colombians by the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, FARC) and paramilitary groups; whether Afro-Colombians are targeted for recruitment (2006 - June 2008). - August 2008 (PDF)
    • COL102838.E - The situation of Afro-Colombians who have been internally displaced by civil conflict (2006 - June 2008). - June 2008 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Arhuaco

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Arhuaco

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Embera

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Embera

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Kankuamo

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Kankuamo

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Nukak and Tukano

Non-Government Organization Reports

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Paez (Nasa) Guambiano

Non-Government Organization Reports

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Ethnic Groups / Race - U'wa

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - U'Wa

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Wayuu

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Wayuu

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Gender

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • COL37696 - Nov. 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on the extent to which women face discrimination in relation to matters such as employment.
      2. To what extent does the state provide protection against discrimination on grounds such as gender?
      3. To what extent does the state provide protection against sexual assault?
      4. What support services are available to victims of sexual assault, in Medellin in particular?
      5. What is the current situation in Medellin with regard to violent crime such as kidnappings, killings and gang-related violence?
      6. Are there any reports of people who have been overseas being targeted for crime?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COL104029.E - Domestic violence, including legislation, state protection, and services available to victims (2010-February 2012) - April 2012 (PDF)
    • COL103929.E - Whether women who head their own households, without male or family support, can obtain housing and employment in Medellin; government support services available to female-headed households in Medellin; violence against women in Medellin. - March 2012 (PDF)
    • COL103831.E - Whether women who head their own households, without male or family support, can obtain housing and employment in Bogota; violence against women in Bogota; government support services available to female-headed households in Bogota. - February 2012 (PDF)
    • COL103928.E - Whether women who head their own households, without male or family support, can obtain housing and employment in Santiago de Cali; violence against women in Santiago de Cali; government support services available to female-headed households in Santiago de Cali. - February 2012 (PDF)
    • COL103412.FE - Domestic violence, especially legislation, state protection and services available to victims (2008-March 2010) - April 2010 (PDF)
    • COL100936.E - Current information on the status of the application and enforcement of the law on domestic violence. - Jan. 2006 (PDF)
    • COL100371.E - Protection and legal redress available to women who are victims of rape (not pertaining to guerrilla or paramilitary perpetrators), domestic and sexual abuse, including relevant legislation, government and non government institutions and responsiveness of the police and judiciary; recourse available to a woman who was sexually assaulted by a police officer, whether the victim would face any repercussions as a result of reporting the alleged incident (2003-July 2005). - July 2005 (PDF)
    • COL200263.E - Colombia: Situation and treatment of sexual and gender minorities, including treatment by authorities and society; state protection and support services available (2017-May 2020). - May 2020 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • The Overseas Development Institute (ODI)
    • Progress despite adversity: women's empowerment and conflict in Colombia July 2015
  • Amnesty International
    • HIDDEN FROM JUSTICE:Impunity for Conflict Related Sexual Violence, A Follow-UP Report - 2012 (PDF)
    • "THIS IS WHAT WE DEMAND. JUSTICE!" Impunity for Sexual Violence Against Women in Colombia's Armed Conflict - 2011 (PDF)
  • UN CEDAW & International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission
    • From Forced Sterilization to Forced Psychiatry: Violations of the Human Rights of Women with Disabilities and Transgender Persons in Colombia. Oct. 2013
  • Human Rights Watch
    • Rights Out of Reach: Obstacles to Health, Justice, and Protection for Displaced Victims of Gender-Based Violence in Colombia - 2012 (PDF)
  • International Committee of the Red Cross
    • Addressing the Needs of Women Affected by Armed Conflict - 2004 (PDF)
  • Refugees International
    • Displaced Women Demand Their Rights - 2009 (PDF)

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Human Rights

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Human Rights - 2019 (PDF), 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
  • Congressional Research Service
    • Colombia: Issues for Congress - Aug. 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • COL32846 - Jan. 2008 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on the Colombian army and, in particular, any reports on officers in the Colombian army being pressured by colleagues and superiors to violate human rights? Please also provide any reports on officers claiming they were dismissed for refusing to obey orders to violate human rights?
      2. Please provide any information on "criminal irregularities" that the army claims was the reason officers were evaluated as being "deficient".
      3. Is there any other information of relevance.
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COL104418.E - Instances of "social cleansing" in Bogotà and Santiago de Cali, including of sexual minorities, drug addicts and the homeless; the groups that engage in "social cleansing," including paramilitaries; actions taken by authorities in instances of "social cleansing," including instances where police took part in "social cleansing" (2011-May 2013). - June 2013 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports

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Justice System

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Arbitrary Arrest or Detention - 2019 (PDF), 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • COL32846 - Jan. 2008 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on the Colombian army and, in particular, any reports on officers in the Colombian army being pressured by colleagues and superiors to violate human rights? Please also provide any reports on officers claiming they were dismissed for refusing to obey orders to violate human rights?
      2. Please provide any information on "criminal irregularities" that the army claims was the reason officers were evaluated as being "deficient".
      3. Is there any other information of relevance.
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COL105470.E - Colombia: State protection programs for victims and witnesses of crimes; requirements to access the programs; statistics on the number of applications for relocation that are granted and refused; duration and effectiveness of these programs (2012-March 2016). April 6, 2016 (PDF)

    • COL104012.E - Government bodies responsible for responding to complaints of crimes committed by armed groups and criminal networks, including the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, FARC); organization, training and effectiveness of these authorities in responding to complaints. - April 2012 (PDF)

    • COL104011.E - State protection programs for victims and witnesses of crimes; requirements to access the programs; statistics on the number of people granted and refused their application for relocation; duration and effectiveness of these programs. - March 2012 (PDF)
    • COL103830.E - Procedures to report a crime; procedures for obtaining a copy of these reports from within Colombia; whether the complainant can obtain a copy from abroad through a proxy, including requirements and procedures; authorities' responsiveness to complaints. - October 2011 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch
    • “The Guerrillas Are the Police” - Jan 2020 (PDF)
    • On Their Watch - Evidence of Senior Army Officers’ Responsibility for False Positive Killings in Colombia. - June 2015 (PDF)
    • The New Face of Violence in Colombia - Feb 2010 (PDF)
    • Obstacles to Justice for Paramilitary Mafias in Colombia - Oct 2008 (PDF)

    • Maiming the People - Jul 2007 (PDF)


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Law

Citizenship and Electoral Rights

  • European Union Democracy Observatory on Citizenship - Colombia

US Government Reports

  • Library of Congress - Law Library of Congress (LLOC)
    • Family Reunification Laws in Selected Jurisdictions - July 2014 (PDF)

Foreign Government Report

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COL100931.E - Information on divorce, including grounds, procedures, length of process, support payments and child custody (2005 - January 2006). - Jan. 30, 2006 (PDF)
    • COL106338.E - Colombia: Update to COL106087 of 1 May 2018 on the investigation of criminal complaints, including time limits, expiry of criminal proceedings, and setting aside of complaints; the Office of the Attorney General's database used to consult the status of a criminal complaint, including the definition of the different statuses (2017-July 2019). - July 25 2019 (PDF)
    • COL200220.E - The socio-economic situation, including demographics, employment rates, and economic sectors, particularly in Barranquilla, Bucaramanga and Ibagué (2017-May 2020). - May 13 2020 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch Profiles

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Maps


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Medical Availability

US Government Reports
  • Library of Congress
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COL43263.E - Situation of individuals suffering from a mental illness; treatment of such individuals by the police and other state agents; availability of mental health services; existence of organizations that assist those experiencing mental health problems (2000-January 2005). - Jan. 2005 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Human Rights Watch
    • Rights Out of Reach: Obstacles to Health, Justice, and Protection for Displaced Victims of Gender-Based Violence in Colombia - 2012 (PDF)
  • International Committee of the Red Cross
    • Addressing the Needs of Women Affected by Armed Conflict - 2004 (PDF)

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • World Health Organization Page

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Political Figures and Parties

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COL43056.E - Mandate and activities of the Association of Conservative Leaders (Asociación de Líderes Conservadores); whether it is affiliated with the Conservative Party of Colombia (Partido Conservador Colombiano, PCC); addresses of its offices (1995-October 2004). - Oct. 2004 (PDF)
    • COL42416.E - Existence and political stance of a group known as the "Naciancenistas"; the group's activities in Caicedonia, Valle del Cauca. - Feb. 2004 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch Profiles

 


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Refugees / IDPs

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Movement, Internally Displaced Persons - 2019 (PDF), 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • Everything Left Behind: Internal Displacement in Colombia. - June 2009 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch
    • The Risk Of Returning Home - Violence and Threats against Displaced People Reclaiming Land in Colombia - Sep. 2013
  • Refugees International
    • COLOMBIA: Transformational Change Must Include Urban IDP's - 2012 (PDF)
    • Colombia Crisis Bubbling Over: Colombians Seeking Refuge in Ecuador and Venezuela - 2009 (PDF)
    • Displaced Women Demand Their rights. - Nov. 2009 (PDF)

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Religion

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COL100908.E - Treatment of religious leaders by the authorities, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, FARC), the National Liberation Army (Ejército de Liberación Nacional, ELN) or the paramilitaries; whether religious leaders are targeted for their beliefs (2003 - 2005). - Jan. 2006 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Institute on Religion and Public Policy Report (PDF)

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Sexual Orientation

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Sexual Orientation - 2019 (PDF), 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COL105227.E - Colombia: Treatment of sexual minorities; availability of state protection and support services (2012-June 2015) - June 24, 2015

    • COL105119.E - Colombia: Treatment of sexual minorities; availability of state protection and support services (2010-March 2015) - April 27, 2015
    • COL104418.E - Instances of "social cleansing" in Bogotá and Santiago de Cali, including of sexual minorities, drug addicts and the homeless; the groups that engage in "social cleansing," including paramilitaries; actions taken by authorities in instances of"social cleansing," including instances where police took part in "social cleansing" (2011-May 2013) - June 2013
    • COL103021.E - Treatment of homosexuals; especially in Bogota and Cali, availability of state protection and support services. - April 2009 (PDF)
    • COL43449.E - Treatment of homosexuals and lesbians and available state protection (2002-2005). - April 2005 (PDF)
Non Government Organization Reports
  • UN CEDAW & International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission
    • From Forced Sterilization to Forced Psychiatry: Violations of the Human Rights of Women with Disabilities and Transgender Persons in Colombia. Oct. 2013

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Specific Country Issues - Kidnappings / Violent Crimes

US Government Reports
  • US Department of State Human Rights Report - International Child Abduction - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • COL37696 - Nov. 2010 (PDF)
      1. What is the current situation in Medellin with regard to violent crime such as kidnappings, killings and gang-related violence?
      2. Are there any reports of people who have been overseas being targeted for crime?
    • COL36344 - Mar. 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide recent information in relation to criminal gangs in Colombia and the prevalence or otherwise of extortion and kidnapping.
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COL102407.FE - Kidnappings and extortion in rural and urban regions, especially Bogota, and protection available to victims (February 2006 - February 2007). - Apr. 2007 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - ParaMilitary Groups/Criminal Groups

US Government Reports
  • Congressional Research Service
  • Law Library of Congress
    • Global Legal Research Center - Colombia: Status of the FARC. - October 2012 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • COL200218.FE - Gulf Clan (Clan del Golfo) [Autodefensas Gaitanistas de Colombia (AGC), Los Urabeños, Clan Úsuga], including its leaders, structure, areas of operation, activities and the profile of its targets; ability to track its targets; state response and protection offered to victims (2017-May 2020). May. 21, 2020 (PDF)
    • COL106085.E The National Liberation Army (Ejército de Liberación Nacional - ELN), including number of combatants and areas of operation; activities, including ability to track victims; state response and protection available to victims (2016-April 2018).  Apr. 23, 2018 (PDF)
    • COL106084.E  The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, FARC), including demobilization of former combatants; information on dissident groups, including number of combatants, areas of operation, activities and state response (2016-April 2018). Apr. 23, 2018 (PDF)
    • COL106086.E The presence and activities of Los Rastrojos, including in Buenaventura; information on their relationship with the Gaitanist Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (Autodefensas Gaitanistas de Colombia, AGC) [also known as Gulf Clan (Clan del Golfo) or Úsuga Clan (Clan Úsuga), and formerly known as Los Urabeños]; state response (2017-April 2018), Apr. 17, 2018 (PDF)

       

      COL105522.E  Colombia: Organizational structure of the Black Eagles (Águilas Negras), including whether the group operates under a unified command and the nature of cooperation among different Black Eagles groups across the country; activities in 2015; relationship to the government, including instances of infiltration or collusion (March 2015-May 2016). May 20, 2016 (PDF)
    • COL105467.E - Colombia: Activities of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, FARC), including information on criminal activities, and particularly in Bogotá and Cali; state response, including new strategies (2012-April 2016). Apr. 18, 2016 (PDF) COL105254.E - Colombia: The Black Eagles (Águilas Negras), including areas of operation and criminal activities; whether the Black Eagles seek out individuals within Colombia and abroad; state protection available (2014-March 2015) - July 2015 (PDF)
    • COL105118.E - Colombia: What it means to be a "military objective" (objetivo militar), including who executes these threats and methods of issuing them; whether there is an internal flight alternative for someone who has been issued a threat - April 15,2015
    • COL105044.E - Colombia: The Urabeños (also known as Clan Úsuga or Autodefensas Gaitanistas de Colombia), including areas of operation, especially in Buenaventura, criminal activities, and state response; whether the Urabeños seek out individuals, particularly Afro-Colombians, who flee Buenaventura (2014-January 2015) - March 6, 2015

    • COL105108.E - Colombia: Front 3 (Frente 3) of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, FARC), including its structure and activities since 2012 in the departments of Caquetá and Huila, specifically around the municipality of Florencia (2012-March 2015) - Feb. 27,2015

    • COL104331.E - Colombia: Recruitment methods of armed groups, including the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, FARC) (2011-March 2013). - April 2013 (PDF)

    • COL104330.E - Colombia: Peace process between the government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia , FARC) (2012-March 2013). - April 2013 (PDF)
    • COL104041.E - Whether the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, FARC) or other armed groups destroyed police stations between 1998 and 2008 in Buenaventura, Santiago de Cali, and Bogotà, and Cartagena; if so, information on which police stations were destroyed and whether records in police stations were permanently lost. - November 2012 (PDF)
    • COL104013.E - Activities of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, FARC) since February 2011, particularly in Bogota and Santiago de Cali, and the state response, including new strategies. - April 2012 (PDF)
    • COL104012.E - Government bodies responsible for responding to complaints of crimes committed by armed groups and criminal networks, including the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, FARC); organization, training and effectiveness of these authorities in responding to complaints. - April 2012 (PDF)
    • COL104332.E - Whether the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, FARC), the National Liberation Army (Ejército de Liberación Nacional, ELN), paramilitary groups and criminal groups (Bandas Criminales, BACRIM) pursue victims who relocate to another area; whether these groups track their victims over the long term, even if the latter return to Colombia after an extended period of time (2010-March 2013). - April 2012 (PDF)
    • COL104030.E - Paramilitary successor groups and new criminal bands (bandas criminales, bacrim), including areas of operation and criminal activities; state response to successor groups and bacrim, including reintegration of combatants and assistance offered. - March 2012 (PDF)
    • COL103910.E - Activities of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, FARC) after the death of their leader Alfonso Cano, including information on his replacement; government activity since the death of Cano (November 2011). - January 2012 (PDF)
    • COL103710.E - Whether the Black Eagles (Águilas Negras) have links to former paramilitary groups, such as the United Self-Defence Forces of Colombia (Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia, AUC); criminal activities of the Black Eagles, including extortion and drug trafficking; state response to the Black Eagles. - April 2011 (PDF)
Non Government Reports
  • Human Rights Watch
    • The War in Catatumbo Abuses by Armed Groups Against Civilians Including Venezuelan Exiles in Northeastern Colombia - Aug. 2019 (PDF)
    • Colombia: Prosecution of False Positive Cases under the Special Jurisdiction for Peace. March 2016 (PDF)
    • Human Rights Watch Analysis of Colombia-FARC Agreement - Dec. 2015   (PDF)
  • InSight Crime
    • Colombia Elites and Organized Crime. 2016 (PDF)
    • The "Victory" of the Urabeños: The New Face of Colombian Organized Crime. 2014 (PDF)
    • 50 Years of the FARC: War, Drugs, and Revolution - 2013 (PDF)
    • FARC Profile - 2013 (PDF)
    • Urabenos Profile - 2013 (PDF)
    • Rastrojos Profile - 2013 (PDF)
    • Oficina de Envigado - 2013 (PDF)
    • EPAC (- 2013 (PDF)0
    • AUC (United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia) (Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia) - 2013 (PDF)
  • International Crisis Group
    • In the Shadow of “No”: Peace after Colombia’s Plebiscite. Jan. 2017 (PDF)

    • Colombia's Armed Groups Battle for the Spoils of Peace Oct. 19, 2017 (PDF)

    • Colombia’s Final Steps to the End of War - Sept. 7, 2016 (PDF)

    • On Thinner Ice: The Final Phase of Colombia’s Peace Talks -  2015 (PDF)

    • The Day after Tomorrow: Colombia's FARC and the End of the Conflict - 2014 (1PDF)

    • Dismantling Colombia's New Illegal Armed Groups: Lessons from a Surrender - 2012 (PDF)
  • The Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA)
    • "8 Years after Plan Colombia" by the Association of Indigenous Cabildos of Northern Cauca (ACIN) documents the disastrous consequences of the internal armed conflict in Northern Cauca. - August 2010 (PDF)
    • "Buenaventura: Caught between War and Despair" by the Black Communities Process (PCN), Pastoral Afrocolombiana, Fundemujer, and Rostros y Huellas del Sentir Humano with the support of WOLA details the tolls of the internal armed conflict, human rights abuses, abuses linked to economic interests and narcotics trafficking in Buenaventura (Valle del Cauca) and provides policy recommendations. - August 2010 (PDF)

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Speech / Press / Internet

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Speech and Press - 2019 (PDF), 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports

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Timeline

US Government Reports Media

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Trafficking

US Government Reports

United Nations

  • Global Report on Trafficking in Persons - 2014

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Terrorism

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Terrorism - 2019 (PDF), 2018 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013
  • Congressional Research Service - Latin America - Terrorisim Issues - August 2014 (PDF)

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Torture

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment - 2019 (PDF), 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF)

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Updated October 19, 2020

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