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EOIR’s Organizational Overview


The Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) was created in 1983 as a separate agency within the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ or Department) and is responsible for adjudicating immigration-related cases. Under the delegated authority of the Attorney General, EOIR interprets and administers federal immigration laws and regulations by conducting immigration court proceedings, appellate reviews, and administrative hearings in certain types of immigration-related cases.

EOIR’s mission is to provide for the fair, efficient, and consistent interpretation and application of immigration law. This is accomplished through immigration hearings (Office of the Immigration Judge, OCIJ), appellate review of decisions in immigration matters (Board of Immigration Appeals, BIA), and administrative hearings (Office of the Chief Administrative Hearing Officer, OCAHO). These proceedings provide a process through which individuals and entities can respond to government immigration charges, complaints, or denial of benefits, and seek relief from removal.

EOIR’s Strategic Plan for Fiscal Years 2024–2028, hereinafter referred to as The Plan, provides a comprehensive, multi-year framework for carrying out the agency’s mission. The Plan is oriented toward EOIR’s vision of serving justice and guaranteeing due process. It provides the DOJ, the Congress, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), federal courts, and the public with a report on the challenges EOIR faces over the next several years and a blueprint for how the agency plans to address these challenges. The Plan lays out four strategic goals and corresponding objectives to guide the agency and serve as a yardstick against which the agency will measure progress.