The assumption of concurrent or exclusive federal criminal jurisdiction is not the only means by which the United States protects real property under its charge or control. Congress has enacted a series of laws aimed at protecting various federal properties without regard for their jurisdictional status. Moreover, the departments and agencies which administer federal properties are empowered to regulate conduct on these lands. The regulations established by these departments are enforced through criminal penalties. Enforcement of these regulatory offenses does not rest on exclusive or concurrent federal criminal jurisdiction.
These statutes and regulations have been developed to protect several broad classes of federal property. The types of property protected and the scope of that protection are set forth below.
[cited in JM 9-66.100]