Organization, Mission and Functions Manual: United States Parole Commission

United States Parole Commission organization chartd

The United States Parole Commission (USPC) was established in May 1976 by the Parole Commission and Reorganization Act. Prior to that time, the agency was known as the United States Board of Parole, which was created by Congress in 1930. The Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 eliminated parole for federal crimes committed after November 1, 1987 and gave USPC authority to supervise state offenders transferred to federal supervision under the witness protection program. The Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988 gave USPC authority to make release date determinations and set supervised release terms for transfer treaty prisoners who committed their foreign crimes on or after November 1, 1987. The National Capital Revitalization and Self-Government Improvement Act of 1997 transferred to the USPC the functions of the D.C. Board of Parole beginning August 5, 1998.

The mission of the USPC is to promote public safety and strive for justice and fairness in the exercise of its authority to release and supervise offenders under its jurisdiction.

The major functions of the USPC are to:

  • Manage the offender's risk in the community
  • Prescribe, modify, and monitor compliance with the terms and conditions governing offenders' behavior while on parole or mandatory or supervised release
  • Issue warrants for violation of supervision
  • Determine probable cause for the revocation process
  • Revoke parole, mandatory or supervised release
  • Make parole release decisions
  • Authorize methods of release and conditions under which release occurs
  • Release from supervision those offenders who no longer pose a risk to public safety
  • Promulgate rules, regulations, and guidelines for the exercise of the USPC's authority and the implementation of a national parole policy

The USPC has jurisdiction over:

  • All Federal offenders who committed offenses before November 1, 1987
  • All District of Columbia Code offenders
  • Uniform Code of Military Justice offenders who are in BOP custody
  • Transfer Treaty cases (U.S. citizens transferred from foreign custody to the United States pursuant to a prisoner transfer treaty)
  • State Probationers and Parolees in the Federal Witness Protection Program

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Updated September 9, 2014

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