Skip to main content

Applicability of 18 U.S.C. § 219 to Retired Foreign Service Officers

Date of Issuance:

A retired foreign service officer is not a public official of the United States subject to 18 U.S.C. § 219, which provides criminal penalties for conduct that would usually constitute a violation of the Emoluments Clause of the Constitution, Article I, § 9, cl. 8.

Updated July 9, 2014