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Authority of Foreign Law Enforcement Agents to Carry Weapons in the United States

Headnotes: 

No federal statutes generally authorize foreign law enforcement agents to carry firearms in the United States. In particular, 18 U.S.C. § 951 does not provide such authority.

Absent congressional consent, the Emoluments Clause precludes foreign agents from enforcing federal laws. 19 U.S.C. § 1401(i) does not constitute such consent.

The President does not possess inherent authority to designate foreign agents to carry firearms in the United States in order to enforce federal law.

Updated July 9, 2014