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Title Headnotes
Suspension of a United States Marshal

With the prior approval of the President, the Attorney General may suspend a United States Marshal without pay.

During the period of a United States Marshal’s suspension, the Attorney General may designate an Acting United States Marshal to carry out the duties of the office.

Reimbursement for Costs of Attending Certain Banquets

Employees in the United States Attorneys offices may properly be reimbursed for the costs of attending retirement banquets for state law enforcement officials under appropriate circum stances. However, reimbursement for attendance at such functions should be limited to circumstances where the nature of the ceremonial event in question provides good reason to believe that the employee’s attendance advances the authorized functions or programs of the office.

Disclosure of Grand Jury Matters to the President and Other Officials

The Attorney General may disclose grand jury material covered by Rule 6(e) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure to the President and members of the National Security Council where such disclosure is for the purpose of assisting the Attorney General in her enforcement of federal criminal law. Although under those circumstances such disclosure may be made without prior judicial approval, the names of those receiving the grand jury material must be submitted to the court that impaneled the grand jury in question.

There are also circumstances where the President’s constitutional responsibilities may provide justification for the Attorney General to disclose grand jury matters to the President independent of the provisions of Rule 6(e). Such circumstances might arise, for example, where the Attorney General learns through grand jury proceedings of a grave threat of terrorism, implicating the President’s responsibilities under Article II of the Constitution.

General Services Administration Printing Operations

The Joint Committee on Printing lacks the authority to alter the General Services Administration’s printing operations because the only basis for that authority is an invalid legislative veto provision contained in 44 U.S.C. § 501.

Section 207 of Public Law Number 102-392 requires executive branch entities (other than the Central Intelligence Agency, the Defense Intelligence Agency, and the National Security Agency) to procure printing related to the publication of government publications by or through the Government Printing Office..

Ethics Issues Related to the Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986

A government employee-inventor who assigns his rights in an invention to the United States and accepts the government’s payment of amounts tied to the resulting royalties, as provided in the Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986, may continue to work on the invention without violating the statute against taking part in matters in which he has a financial interest, 18 U.S.C. § 208, or the statute forbidding supplementation of federal salaries, 18 U.S.C. § 209.

Under 18 U.S.C § 208, a government employee-inventor may not take official action with respect to an agreement for development of his invention entered into by the United States and a company with which the employee has contracted to exploit the invention abroad.

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