Community Health Systems Professional Services Corporation and Three Affiliated New Mexico Hospitals to Pay $75 Million to Settle False Claims Act Allegations
Community Health Systems Professional Services Corporation (CHSPSC) and three affiliated New Mexico hospitals (collectively CHS) have agreed to pay the United States $75 million to settle allegations that they violated the False Claims Act by making illegal donations to county governments which were used to fund the state share of Medicaid payments to the hospitals, the Justice Department announced today. CHSPSC is based in Franklin, Tennessee, and manages more than 200 affiliated hospitals in 29 states. The three New Mexico hospitals are Eastern New Mexico Medical Center in Chaves County, Mimbres Memorial Hospital and Nursing Home in Luna County and Alta Vista Regional Medical Center in San Miguel County.
“Congress expressly intended that states and counties use their own money when seeking federal matching funds in order to encourage them to join the federal government in ensuring that Medicaid funds are spent on the needs of beneficiaries,” said Acting Assistant Attorney General for the Justice Department’s Civil Division Joyce R. Branda. “When private hospitals violate the rules against hospital donations funding the state share, that important protection of the Medicaid program is destroyed.”
New Mexico’s Sole Community Provider (SCP) program, which was discontinued in 2014, provided supplemental Medicaid funds to hospitals in mostly rural communities. The federal government reimbursed the state of New Mexico for approximately 75 percent of its health care expenditures under the SCP program. Under federal law, New Mexico’s 25 percent “matching” share of SCP program payments had to consist of state or county funds, and not impermissible “donations” from private hospitals. This restriction on the use of private hospital funds to satisfy state Medicaid obligations was enacted by Congress to curb possible abuses and ensure that states have sufficient incentive to curb rising Medicaid costs.
The United States alleged that from Aug. 1, 2000, through Dec. 31, 2010, CHS knowingly caused the state of New Mexico to present false claims to the United States for payments made to CHS under the SCP program by making improper donations to Chaves, Luna and San Miguel counties, which were then used by the counties, and subsequently the state, to obtain federal matching payments. The government alleged that CHS concealed the true nature of these donations to avoid detection by federal and state authorities, and as a result of its scheme, received SCP payments which were funded by the United States in the amount of three times CHS’ “donations.”
“Hundreds of thousands of New Mexicans depend on Medicaid for medical care and other services,” said U.S. Attorney Damon P. Martinez for the District of New Mexico. “This litigation underscores the importance of maintaining the integrity of the Medicaid Program. Those who violate the law in order to profit from the Medicaid Program undercut the financial integrity of the program and can thus put at risk the availability of medical care and other services to those in need. We are committed to protecting the integrity of the Medicaid Program no matter the effort required or the time it may take, even in the face of the most vigorous litigation.”
“Hospitals that make provider donations with the expectation that they will receive a windfall from the Medicaid program threaten the integrity of the Medicaid program and will be held accountable,” said Special Agent in Charge Mike Fields for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services-Office of Inspector General (HHS-OIG) Dallas region.
The settlement announced today stems from a whistleblower complaint filed by a former CHSPSC revenue manager, Robert Baker, pursuant to the qui tam provisions of the False Claims Act, which permit persons to bring a lawsuit on behalf of the government and to share in the proceeds of the suit. The act also permits the government to intervene in and take over the lawsuit, as it did in this case as to some of Baker’s allegations. The United States did not intervene in Baker’s allegations as to SCP payments made to two other affiliated New Mexico hospitals, Carlsbad Medical Center and Lea Regional Medical Center. Today’s settlement also resolves these other allegations. Baker will receive $18,671,561 as his share of the government’s recovery.
This settlement illustrates the government’s emphasis on combating health care fraud and marks another achievement for the Health Care Fraud Prevention and Enforcement Action Team (HEAT) initiative, which was announced in May 2009 by the Attorney General and the Secretary of Health and Human Services. The partnership between the two departments has focused efforts to reduce and prevent Medicare and Medicaid financial fraud through enhanced cooperation. One of the most powerful tools in this effort is the False Claims Act. Since January 2009, the Justice Department has recovered a total of more than $23.5 billion through False Claims Act cases, with more than $15 billion of that amount recovered in cases involving fraud against federal health care programs.
The investigation and litigation of this case was conducted by the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of New Mexico and the Justice Department’s Civil Division, with assistance from HHS-OIG and the HHS Office of General Counsel. The case is captioned United States ex rel. Baker v. Community Health Systems Professional Services Corporation, et al., Civ. Action No. 05-279 (D. N.M.). The claims settled by this agreement are allegations only and there has been no determination of liability.