Civil Division Directive No. 14-95 -- 28 CFR Part 0
AGENCY: Department of Justice, Civil Division.
ACTION: Final rule.
SUMMARY: This Directive implements a recent Attorney General order that increased settlement and compromise authority that the Assistant Attorneys General of the litigating divisions may redelegate to United States Attorneys in civil matters. This Directive, which supersedes Civil Division Directive 176-91, is being promulgated in order to increase Department efficiency.
EFFECTIVE DATE: April 6, 1995
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Robert M. Hollis, Assistant Director, Commercial Litigation Branch, Civil Division, Department of Justice, Room 11022, 550 11th Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20530; (202) 307-1100.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This Directive implements on behalf of the Civil Division the increase in the dollar amount of settlement authority which the Assistant Attorneys General may redelegate to United States Attorneys in civil matters. This increase in United States Attorney authority will further the efficient operation of the Department of Justice.
As a regulation related to internal Department of Justice management, this rule may become effective without provision for public comment pursuant to 5 U.S.C. § 553(b)(A). This Directive is not a "significant regulatory action" under section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866 and, accordingly, it has not been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget. Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. § 605(b), the Assistant Attorney General for the Civil Division certifies that because the effect of this Directive is internal to the Department of Justice it will not have a significant adverse economic impact on a substantial number of small business entities.This rule will not have substantial direct effects on the states, on the relationship between the national government and the states, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Therefore, in accordance with Executive Order 12612, it is determined that this rule does not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a Federalism Assessment.
List of subjects in 28 CFR Part 0Authority delegations (government agencies), Government employees, Organization and functions (government agencies), Whistleblowing.
1. The authority citation for part 0 continues to read as follows:Authority: 5 U.S.C. § 301, 28 U.S.C. §§ 509, 510, 515-519.
2. In the Appendix to Subpart Y, Civil Division Directive No. 176-91 is removed and Civil Division Directive 14-95 is added in its place to read as follows:
[Directive No. 14-95]By virtue of the authority vested in me by part 0 of title 28 of the Code of Federal Regulations, particularly §§ 0.45, 0.160, 0.164, and 0.168, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Authority to compromise or close cases and to file suits and claims.
(a)Delegation to Deputy Assistant Attorneys General. The Deputy Assistant Attorneys General are authorized to act for, and to exercise the authority of, the Assistant Attorney General in charge of the Civil Division with respect to the institution of suits, the acceptance or rejection of compromise offers, and the closing of claims or cases, unless any such authority is required by law to be exercised by the Assistant Attorney General personally or has been specifically delegated to another Department official.
(b)Delegation to United States Attorneys, Branch, Office and Staff Directors and Attorneys-in-Charge of Field Offices. Subject to the limitations imposed by 28 C.F.R. § 0.160(c), and 0.164(a) and section 4(c) of this directive, and the authority of the Solicitor General set forth in 28 C.F.R. § 0.163,
(1)Branch, Office, and Staff Directors, and Attorneys-in-Charge of Field Offices with respect to matters assigned or delegated to their respective components are hereby delegated the authority to:
(a)Accept offers in compromise of claims on behalf of the United States;
(i)In all cases in which the gross amount of the original claim did not exceed $500,000; and,
(ii)In all cases in which the gross amount of the original claim was between $500,000 and $5,000,000, so long as the difference between the gross amount of the original claim and the proposed settlement does not exceed $500,000 or 15 percent of the original claim, whichever is greater;
(b)Accept offers in compromise of, or settle administratively, claims against the United States in all cases where the principal amount of the proposed settlement does not exceed $500,000; and,
(c)Reject any offers.
(2)United States Attorneys with respect to matters assigned or delegated to their respective components are hereby delegated the authority to:
(a)Accept offers in compromise of claims on behalf of the United States;
(i)In all cases in which the gross amount of the original claim did not exceed $1,000,000 and,
(ii)In all cases in which the gross amount of the original claim does not exceed $5,000,000, and in which the difference between the gross amount of the original claim and the proposed settlement does not exceed $1,000,000;
(b)Accept offers in compromise of, or settle administratively, claims against the United States in all cases where the principal amount of the proposed settlement does not exceed $1,000,000 and,
(c)Reject any offers.
(3)With respect to claims asserted in bankruptcy proceedings, the term gross amount of the original claim in (1)(a) and (b), and (2)(a) and (b) above means liquidation value. Liquidation value is the forced sale value of the collateral, if any, securing the claim(s) plus the dividend likely to be paid for the unsecured portion of the claim(s) in an actual or hypothetical liquidation of the bankruptcy estate.
(c)Subject to the limitations imposed by sections 1(e) and 4(c) of this directive, United States Attorneys, Directors, and Attorneys-in-Charge are authorized to file suits, counterclaims, and cross-claims, to close, or to take any other action necessary to protect the interests of the United States in all routine nonmonetary cases, in all routine loan collection and foreclosure cases, and in other monetary claims or cases where the gross amount of the original claim does not exceed $500,000, or in the case of United States Attorneys, $1,000,000. Such actions in nonmonetary cases which are other than routine will be submitted for the approval of the Assistant Attorney General, Civil Division.
(d)United States Attorneys may redelegate in writing the above-conferred compromise and suit authority to Assistant United States Attorneys who supervise other Assistant United States Attorneys who handle civil litigation.
(e)Limitations on delegations. The authority to compromise cases, file suits, counter-claims, and cross-claims, to close cases, or take any other action necessary to protect the interests of the United States, delegated by paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section, may not be exercised, and the matter shall be submitted for resolution to the Assistant Attorney General, Civil Division, when:
(1) For any reason, the proposed action, as a practical matter, will control or adversely influence the disposition of other claims totaling more than the respective amounts designated in the above paragraphs.
(2)Because a novel question of law or a question of policy is presented, or for any other reason, the proposed action should, in the opinion of the officer or employee concerned, receive the personal attention of the Assistant Attorney General, Civil Division.
(3)The agency or agencies involved are opposed to the proposed action. The views of an agency must be solicited with respect to any significant proposed action if it is a party, if it has asked to be consulted with respect to any such proposed action, or if such proposed action in a case would adversely affect any of its policies.
(4) The U.S. Attorney involved is opposed to the proposed action and requests that the matter be submitted to the Assistant Attorney General for decision.
(5)The case is on appeal, except as determined by the Director of the Appellate Staff.
Section 2. Action Memoranda
(a)Whenever an official of the Civil Division or a United States Attorney accepts a compromise, closes a claim or files a suit or claim pursuant to the authority delegated by this Directive, a memorandum fully explaining the basis for the action taken shall be executed and placed in the file. In the case of matters compromised, closed, or filed by United States Attorneys, a copy of the memorandum must be sent to the appropriate Branch or Office of the Civil Division.
(b)The compromising of cases or closing of claims or the filing of suits for claims, which a United States Attorney is not authorized to approve, shall be referred to the appropriate Branch or Office within the Civil Division, for decision by the Assistant Attorney General or the appropriate authorized person within the Civil Division. The referral memorandum shall contain a detailed description of the matter, the United States Attorney's recommendation, the agency's recommendation where applicable, and a full statement of the reasons therefor.
Section 3. Return of civil judgment cases to agenciesClaims arising out of judgments in favor of the United States which cannot be permanently closed as uncollectible may be returned to the referring Federal agency for servicing and surveillance whenever all conditions set forth in USAM 4-2.230 have been met.
Section 4. Authority for direct reference and delegation of Civil Division cases to United States Attorneys
(a)Direct reference to United States Attorneys by agencies. The following civil actions under the jurisdiction of the Assistant Attorney General, Civil Division, may be referred by the agency concerned directly to the appropriate United States Attorney for handling in trial courts, subject to the limitations imposed by paragraph (c) of this section. United States Attorneys are hereby delegated the authority to take all necessary steps to protect the interests of the United States, without prior approval of the Assistant Attorney General, Civil Division, or his representations, subject to the limitations set forth in section 1(e) of this directive. Agencies may, however, if special handling is desired, refer these cases to the Civil Division. Also, when constitutional questions or other significant issues arise in the course of such litigation, or when an appeal is taken by any party, the Civil Division should be consulted.
(1)Money claims by the United States, except claims involving penalties and forfeitures, where the gross amount of the original claim does not exceed $1,000,000.
(2)Single family dwelling house foreclosures arising out of loans made or insured by the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Veterans Administration and the Farmers Home Administration.
(3)Suits to enjoin violations of, and to collect penalties under, the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, 7 U.S.C. § 1376, the Packers and Stockyards Act, 7 U.S.C. §§ 203, 207(g), 213, 215, 216, 222, and 228a, the Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act, 1930, 7 U.S.C. §§ 499c(a) and 499h(d), the Egg Products Inspection Act, 21 U.S.C. § 1031 et seq., the Potato Research and Promotion Act, 7 U.S.C. § 2611 et seq., the Cotton Research and Promotion Act of 1966, 7 U.S.C. § 2101 et seq., the Federal Meat Inspection Act, 21 U.S.C. § 601 et seq., and the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as amended, 7 U.S.C. § 601 et seq.
(4)Suits by social security beneficiaries under the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. § 402 et seq.
(5)Social Security disability suits under 42 U.S.C. § 423 et seq.
(6)Black lung beneficiary suits under the Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969, 30 U.S.C. § 921 et seq.
(7)Suits by Medicare beneficiaries under 42 U.S.C. § 1395ff.
(8)Garnishment actions authorized by 42 U.S.C. § 659 for child support or alimony payments and actions for general debt, 5 U.S.C. § 5520a.
(9)Judicial review of actions of the Secretary of Agriculture under the food stamp program, pursuant to the provisions of 7 U.S.C. § 2022 involving retail food stores.
(10)Cases referred by the Department of Labor for the collection of penalties or for injunctive action under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 and the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970.
(11)Cases referred by the Department of Labor solely for the collection of civil penalties under the Farm Labor Contractor Registration Act of 1963, 7 U.S.C. § 2048(b).
(12)Cases referred by the Interstate Commerce Commission to enforce orders of the Interstate Commerce Commission or to enjoin or suspend such orders pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1336.
(13)Cases referred by the United States Postal Service for injunctive relief under the nonmailable matter laws, 39 U.S.C. § 3001 et seq.
(b)Delegation to United States Attorneys. Upon the recommendation of the appropriate Director, the Assistant Attorney General, Civil Division, may delegate to United States Attorneys suit authority involving any claims or suits where the gross amount of the original claim does not exceed $5,000,000 where the circumstances warrant such delegations. United States Attorneys may compromise any case redelegated under this subsection in which the gross amount of the original claim does not exceed $5,000,000, so long as the difference between the gross amount of the original claim and the proposed settlement does not exceed $1,000,000. United States Attorneys may close cases redelegated to them under this subsection only upon the authorization of the appropriate authorized person within the Department of Justice. All delegations pursuant to this subsection shall be in writing and no United States Attorney shall have authority to compromise or close any such delegated case or claim except as is specified in the required written delegation or in section 1(c) of this directive. The limitations of section 1(e) of this directive also remain applicable in any case or claim delegated hereunder.
(c)Cases not covered. Regardless of the amount in controversy, the following matters normally will not be delegated to United States Attorneys for handling but will be personally or jointly handled or monitored by the appropriate Branch or Office within the Civil Division:
(1)Civil actions in the Court of Federal Claims.
(2)Cases within the jurisdiction of the Commercial Litigation Branch involving patents, trademarks, copyrights, etc.
(3)Cases before the United States Court of International Trade.
(4)Any case involving bribery, conflict of interest, breach of fiduciary duty, breach of employment contract, or exploitation of public office.
(5)Any fraud or False Claims Act case where the amount of single damages, plus civil penalties, if any, exceeds $1,000,000.
(6)Any case involving vessel-caused pollution in navigable waters.
(7)Cases on appeal, except as determined by the Director of the Appellate Staff.
(8)Any case involving litigation in a foreign court.
(9)Criminal proceedings arising under statutes enforced by the Food and Drug Administration, the Consumer Product Safety Commission, the Federal Trade Commission, and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (relating to odometer tampering), except as determined by the Director of the Office of Consumer Litigation.
(10)Nonmonetary civil cases, including injunction suits, declaratory judgment actions, and applications for inspection warrants, and cases seeking civil penalties including but not limited to those arising under statutes enforced by the Food and Drug Administration, the Consumer Product Safety Commission, the Federal Trade Commission, and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (relating to odometer tampering), except as determined by the Director of the Office of Consumer Litigation.
(11)Administrative claims arising under the Federal Tort Claims Act.
Section 5. Adverse decisions
All final judicial decisions adverse to the Government involving any direct reference or delegated case must be reported promptly to the Assistant Attorney General, Civil Division, attention Director, Appellate Staff. Consult title 2 of the United States Attorneys' Manual for procedures and time limitations. An appeal cannot be taken without approval of the Solicitor General. Until the Solicitor General has made a decision whether an appeal will be taken, the Government attorney handling the case must take all necessary procedural actions to preserve the Government's right to take an appeal, including filing a protective notice of appeal when the time to file a notice of appeal is about to expire and the Solicitor General has not yet made a decision. Nothing in the foregoing directive affects this obligation.
Section 6. Supersession
This directive supersedes Civil Division Directive No. 176-91 regarding redelegation of the Assistant Attorney General's authority in Civil Division cases to Branch Directors, heads of offices, and United States Attorneys.
Section 7. ApplicabilityThis directive applies to all cases pending as of the date of this directive and is effective immediately.
Frank W. Hunger
Assistant Attorney General
John R. Schmidt
Associate Attorney General