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Press Release

Colorado Company and Owner Agree to Pay $625,000 for Alleged False Claims Related to Buy American Act

For Immediate Release
U.S. Attorney's Office, District of Colorado

DENVER – The Department of Justice announced today that Instec, Inc., located in Boulder, Colorado, and Dr. Zhong Zou, Instec’s owner and president, have agreed to pay $625,000 to resolve allegations that the company and Zou violated the False Claims Act by failing to comply with the requirements of the Buy American Act when selling scientific instruments to federal agencies and national laboratories.

The Buy American Act was enacted in 1933 to protect U.S. manufacturing by creating a preference for domestic products when the federal government purchases supplies. The United States alleged that Instec and Zou knowingly violated the Act by falsely certifying that scientific instruments sold to the government pursuant to contracts containing domestic-preference requirements were of domestic origin, when these goods were actually manufactured in China. These instruments, including microscopy, spectroscopy and electrical probing tools with advanced precision thermal controls, were sold to multiple federal agencies and national laboratories, including the Department of Energy, the U.S. Navy, the U.S. Army, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

“Those who contract with the government must comply with all applicable terms” said Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Brian M. Boynton, head of the Justice Department’s Civil Division. “This settlement demonstrates the department’s commitment to protect American businesses by enforcing domestic preference requirements.”

“When companies commit to manufacture their goods in the United States, then shirk that commitment, they violate the law and undermine American manufacturing jobs, too. The U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Colorado is committed to enforcing the Buy American Act and pursuing companies that violate it,” said U.S. Attorney Cole Finegan.

The resolution obtained in this matter was the result of a coordinated effort between the Justice Department’s Civil Division, Commercial Litigation Branch, Fraud Section, and the United States Attorney’s Office for the District of Colorado, with assistance from the Department of Energy Office of Inspector General, the Defense Criminal Investigative Service (DCIS), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Office of Inspector General, and the Army Criminal Investigation Division (CID).

“Federal contractors cannot simply dispense with contractual requirements designed to protect American industry,” said Department of Energy Inspector General Teri L. Donaldson, “I applaud the investigators as well as the DOJ and U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Colorado for their efforts in reaching this settlement.”

“This settlement demonstrates the commitment of the Department of Defense, Office of Inspector General, DCIS, along with our law enforcement partners, to aggressively pursue those who defraud the United States Government,” said Gregory Shilling, Acting Special Agent in Charge, of the DCIS Southwest Field Office. “This type of activity undermines the procurement process, and those responsible will be held accountable.”

“The Buy American Act promotes American businesses and protects U.S. economic interests,” said Robert Steinau, Assistant Inspector General for Investigations, NASA Office of Inspector General. “This agreement reflects NASA OIG’s commitment to work with our law enforcement partners in identifying and holding accountable those who engage in deliberate disregard of contractual requirements.”

“This settlement highlights the resolve of Army CID and our law enforcement partners to hold government contractors accountable for their actions. The ability to protect and defend the assets of the United States Army is always our top priority,” said Special Agent in Charge L. Scott Moreland of the U.S. Army CID Major Procurement Fraud Field Office.

The matter was handled by Trial Attorney Jason M. Crawford of the Civil Division and Assistant U.S. Attorney Jacob Licht for the District of Colorado.

The civil settlement includes the resolution of claims brought by a former Instec employee under the qui tam provisions of the False Claims Act. These provisions allow a private party, known as a relator, to file an action on behalf of the United States and receive a portion of any recovery.  In this case, the relator will receive $124,500 as part of the settlement.  The case is captioned United States ex rel. Swanton v. Zou, et al, No. 20-cv-01742 (D. Colo.).

The claims resolved by the settlement are allegations only and there has been no determination of liability.



Deborah Takahara
Public Affairs Specialist

Updated September 7, 2022

False Claims Act