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Press Release

United States Joins Lawsuit Against Bay Area Sleep Clinics

For Immediate Release
U.S. Attorney's Office, Northern District of California

SAN JOSE – The United States has joined a whistleblower action pending in the Northern District of California against the owners and operators of Bay Sleep Clinic and their related businesses, Qualium Corporation and Amerimed Corporation, announced United States Attorney Melinda Haag and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Special Agent in Charge, Ivan Negroni.

The action alleges that Saratoga, Calif., residents Anooshiravan Mostowfipour, 57, and Tara Nader, 56, fraudulently billed the Medicare program for diagnostic sleep tests.  Defendants Mostowfipour and Nader own Qualium Corporation, which operates sixteen sleep clinics doing business as Bay Sleep Clinic.  The defendants also own Amerimed Corporation, which distributes durable medical equipment under the name Amerimed Sleep Diagnostics.  The defendants are alleged to have billed Medicare for tests that were conducted at unapproved locations and performed by technicians lacking the licenses or certifications required by Medicare payment rules and regulations.  The government also alleges that the defendants fraudulently billed Medicare for medical devices in violation of Medicare rules and regulations that prohibit providers of diagnostic sleep tests from supplying medical devices and from sharing a sleep laboratory location with a durable medical equipment supplier.

The whistleblower action, captioned United States ex rel. Dresser v. Qualium Corp., et al., Civil Action No. 12-1745 (N.D. Cal.), was filed under the qui tam provisions of the False Claims Act.  The False Claims Act allows for private persons, such as Elma F. Dresser in this case, to file actions to provide the government information about wrongdoing.  Under the statute, if it is established that a person has submitted or caused others to submit false or fraudulent claims to the United States, the government can recover treble damages and $5,500 to $11,000 for each false or fraudulent claim filed.  If the government is successful in resolving or litigating its claims, the whistleblower who initiated the action can receive a share of between 15 percent to 25 percent of the amount recovered.

The whistleblower action in this case contained additional allegations.  However, the United States is intervening only with regard to allegations that Qualium Corporation (doing business as Bay Sleep Clinic), Amerimed Corporation (doing business as Amerimed Sleep Diagnostics), Tara Nader, and Anooshiravan Mostowfipour submitted false claims to Medicare for durable medical equipment and for sleep tests performed at unapproved locations or by unqualified technicians.  The United States is not pursuing the whistleblower’s additional claims against the third-party company used by the defendants to submit claims to Medicare nor claims regarding alleged improper payments made by the defendants to medical providers.

Assistant U.S. Attorney Kimberly Friday is handling the case, with assistance from Financial Fraud Investigator Michael Zehr.  The investigation was conducted by the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Northern District of California and the Office of Inspector General of the Department of Health and Human Services.

The claims asserted in the complaint are allegations only, and there has been no determination of liability.

Updated May 12, 2015