Archived on: March 25, 2009. This document may contain dated information. It remains available to provide access to historical materials.
This assessment provides a strategic overview and predictive outlook of drug trafficking and abuse trends within the United States. The assessment identifies the primary drug threats to the nation, tracks drug availability throughout the country, and analyzes trafficking and distribution patterns of illicit drugs within the United States. It evaluates the threat posed by illegal drugs by examining availability, production and cultivation, transportation, distribution, and demand.
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Cover photo: © Photodisc
Appendix A. Maps
Appendix B. Tables
Appendix C. Scope and Methodology
Figure 1. Vectors in
the Transit Zone--CCDB-Documented Cocaine Flow Departing South America, January-December
Figure 2. Southwest Border Cocaine Seizures At or Between POEs, by Quarter, in Kilograms, 2004-2008
Figure 3. Cocaine Price and Purity, April 2005-June 2008
Figure 4. Federal Cocaine Seizure Totals, in Kilograms, First Quarter 2003 to Second Quarter 2008
Figure 5. Percent of National Positive Cocaine Test Results, 2005 to Second Quarter 2008
Figure 6. Commercial Pseudoephedrine Imports Into Mexico, in Metric Tons, 2004-2008
Figure 7. Methamphetamine Seized Along the Southwest Border, in Kilograms, 2004-2008
Figure 8. Methamphetamine Price and Purity, April 2005-June 2008
Figure 9. Percent of Positive Methamphetamine Test Results
Figure 10. Methamphetamine Seized in the United States, in Kilograms, 2005-2008
Figure 11. Methamphetamine Laboratory Seizures in the United States, 2000-2008
Figure 12. Average Percentage of THC in Samples of Seized Marijuana, 1985-2007
Figure 13. Indoor Cannabis Plants Eradicated Nationally, 2003-2007
Figure 14. Outdoor Cannabis Plants Eradicated Nationally, 2004-2007
Figure 15. Southwest Border Marijuana Seizures, in Kilograms, 2003-2008
Figure 16. Potential Heroin Production for Mexico and Colombia, in Metric Tons, 1999-2007
Figure 17. South American and Mexican Retail Heroin Purity, by Percentage, 2001-2006
Figure 18. Heroin Seizures At Commercial Air Ports of Entry and At Southwest Border, in Kilograms, 2003-2008
Figure 19. Average Heroin Weight per Southwest Border Seizure Event, in Kilograms, 2003-2008
Figure 20. Percentage of Seized Heroin Weight, by Source Area, 2002-2006
Figure 21. Price per Milligram of Pure Heroin, by Source Area, 2002-2006
Figure 22. Rogue Pharmacies Operating on the Internet, 2004-2008
Figure 23. Prescription Requirements of Internet Pharmacy Anchor Sites, 2004-2008
Figure 24. MDMA Laboratory Incidents in Canada, 2003-2007
Figure 25. MDMA Seizure Totals in the United States, 2003-2008, in Dosage Units
Table 1. Estimated Andean
Region Coca Cultivation and Potential Pure Cocaine Production 2003-2007
Table 2. Cities Where Decreased Methamphetamine Availability Was Reported, June 2007-June 2008
Table 3. Percentage of Primary Illicit Drug Mentions by American Indians at Time of Treatment Admission, 2002-2006
Table 4. Illicit Drug Mentions by American Indians at Time of Treatment Admission, 2002-2006
Table 5. Gangs Affiliated with the Sinaloa, Gulf, Juárez, or Tijuana Cartels
Table 6. Asian Gangs Affiliated With Asian DTOs
Table B1. Federal Drug-Related Arrests, United States, 2003-2008
Table B2. The 20 Largest Cocaine Seizures Ever Reported
Table B3. Cocaine Availability Indicators in 51 Key Regional Markets
Table B4. Percentage of Drug-Related ED Visits Attributed to Cocaine, by DAWN City
Table B5. Cities Where Wholesale Methamphetamine Price Increases Were Reported, December 2006 to June 2008
Table B6. Trends in Percentage of Past Year Drug Use, 2003-2007
Table B7. Adolescent Trends in Percentage of Past Year Drug Use, 2003-2007
Table B8. Admissions to Publicly Funded Treatment Facilities, by Primary Substance, 2002-2006
Table B9. Potential Worldwide Heroin Production, in Metric Tons, 2002-2006
Map A1. Nine OCDETF Regions.
Map A2. NDTS 2008 greatest drug threat by region, as reported by state and local agencies.
Map A3. NDTS 2008 greatest drug threat, as reported by state and local agencies.
Map A4. U.S. cities with decreased cocaine availability, first quarter 2008 versus 2006 levels, by OCDETF region, as reported by federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies.
Map A5. U.S. cities reporting the presence of Mexican DTOs, January 1, 2006, through September 30, 2008.
Map A6. U.S. cities reporting the presence of Asian DTOs, January 1, 2006, through April 8, 2008.
Map A7. U.S. cities reporting the presence of Colombian, Cuban, and Dominican DTOs; La Cosa Nostra; and Italian organized crime, January 1, 2006, through April 8, 2008.
National Drug Intelligence Center
319 Washington Street, 5th Floor
Johnstown, PA 15901-1622
Tel. (814) 532-4601
FAX (814) 532-4690
National Drug Intelligence Center
United States Department of Justice
Robert F. Kennedy Building (Room 3341)
950 Pennsylvania Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20530-2000
Tel. (202) 432-4040
FAX (202) 514-4252
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