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Streamlining of Administrative Activities and Federal Financial Assistance Functions in the Office of Justice Programs and the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services
Report No. 03-27
Office of the Inspector General
Office of Justice Programs
The Office of Justice Programs (OJP) was established in 1984 by the Justice Assistance Act to develop the nation's capacity to prevent and control crime, improve the criminal and juvenile justice systems, increase knowledge about crime and related issues, and assist crime victims. OJP's initial organization included several previous entities from the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA), which had been created by the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968. The LEAA was the first comprehensive State program designed to provide funding to States to reduce crime. The OJP carryover organizations from LEAA included the Bureau of Justice Assistance, the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Drug Courts Program Office.
Each year, OJP receives appropriations through the annual Commerce-Justice-State (CJS) Appropriations Bill. As shown in the chart below, from FY 1984 through FY 2003, OJP received about $34 billion to carry out its mission.
OJP Budget by FY
Source: OJP's Enacted Budgets
As of the end of FY 2002, OJP reported that it had awarded more than 68,700 grants, totaling more than $31 billion, for a wide variety of programs. For a description of the major grant programs administered by OJP, see Appendix 2. The charts below detail the number of grants and funds awarded by OJP from FY 1987 through FY 2002.9
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services
On September 13, 1994, President Clinton signed into law the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (commonly known as the "1994 Crime Act"). The 1994 Crime Act authorized $8.8 billion over six years, the purpose of which was primarily to fund grants for adding community oriented policing officers to the nation's streets and advancing community policing nationwide. To implement the program, the Attorney General created a new program office within the Department of Justice known as the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS).
Each year, the COPS Office receives appropriations through the annual CJS Appropriations Bill. As shown in the chart below, from FY 1995 through FY 2003, the COPS Office received about $11.3 billion to carry out its mission.
COPS Office Budget by FY
Source: COPS's Enacted Budgets
As of the end of FY 2002, the COPS Office reported that it had awarded more than 35,600 community policing grants, totaling more than $8 billion, to deploy more than 116,700 additional officers to the nations streets. For a description of the community policing grants awarded by the COPS Office, see Appendix 3. The charts below detail the number of grants awarded, funds awarded, and number of officers reported as funded from the inception of the COPS program through FY 2002.10
Source for Above Graphs: COPS
Since October 1994, the Office of the Inspector General (OIG) has issued more than 450 audit reports on recipients of grants awarded by either the COPS Office or OJP. The OIG has also issued reports on the management and administration of the COPS program.