Department of Justice
This U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) Fleet AFV Program Report for Fiscal Year 2000 presents the Department's data on the number of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) acquired in fiscal year (FY) 2000, and its planned acquisitions and projections for FY 2001 and FY 2002. The report has been developed in accordance with the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct) (42 U.S.C. 13211-13219) as amended by the Energy Conservation Reauthorization Act of 1998 (Public Law 105-388) (ECRA), and Executive Order 13149 (signed by the President in April 2000). As shown in Figure 1, U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) did not meet the 75 percent AFV-acquisition requirement for 58 vehicles. DOJ acquired 32 AFV credits in FY 2000, 42 percent AFV acquisition. Plans indicate an increased level for FY 2001 and FY 2002 with acquisitions of 208 and 201 AFV credits, respectively. Detailed vehicle acquisition tables are shown in the appendix.
(EPAct) requires that 75 percent of all covered light-duty vehicles (LDV) acquired for Federal fleets in FY 1999 and beyond must be AFVs (where the fleets have 20 or more vehicles, are capable of being centrally fueled, and are operated in a metropolitan statistical area with a population of more than 250,000 based on the 1980 census). Certain emergency, law enforcement, and national defense vehicles are exempt from these requirements. EPAct also sets a goal of using replacement fuels to displace at least 30 percent of the projected consumption of motor fuel in the United States annually by the year 2010. The ECRA amended EPAct to allow one alternative fuel vehicle acquisition credit for every 450 gallons of pure biodiesel fuel consumed in vehicles over 8,500 pounds gross vehicle weight rating. "Biodiesel credits" may fulfill up to 50 percent of an agency's EPAct requirements. The head of each Federal agency must also prepare and submit a report to Congress outlining the agency's AFV acquisitions and future plans by November 13th each year. Executive Order (EO) 13149 directs Federal agencies operating a fleet of 20 or more vehicles within the United States to reduce their annual petroleum consumption by at least 20 percent by the end of FY 2005 (compared to FY 1999 levels) by using alternative fuels in AFVs more than 50 percent of the time, improving the average fuel economy of new light-duty petroleum-fueled vehicle acquisitions by 1 mpg by FY 2002 and 3 mpg by FY 2005, and using other fleet efficiency measures.
DOJ Approach to Compliance with EPAct and EO 13149
To achieve compliance with the legislative mandates of EPAct and EO 13149, DOJ will acquire 75 percent of new light-duty vehicles as AFVs, and use alternative fuel in these vehicles a majority of the time. It will also acquire light duty vehicles with a higher fuel economy of 1 mpg in FY 2002 and 3 mpg in FY 2005.
DOJ Fleet Compliance for FY 2000
Prior to the publication of the EO, the vast majority of the Department's fleet was exempt from meeting the requirements of EPACT regarding the acquisition of AFVs due to the EPACT law enforcement exemption. The EO changed the definition of which vehicles were considered "law enforcement," reducing the number of vehicles previously exempt from the EPACT requirement. As most of the Department's FY 2000 vehicle acquisitions were either planned or already completed before the issuance of the EO and the accompanying Department of Energy guidance, the Department could not meet the goal of acquiring 75 percent AFVs in FY 2000. As Figure 1 (below) shows, we anticipate exceeding the 75 percent goal in FY 2001 and succeeding years.
Figure 1 is a graphical depiction of AFV acquisitions by DOJ's fleet in fiscal year 2000 and projections for FY 2001 and FY 2002. DOJ acquired 77 covered light-duty vehicles (LDVs) in fiscal year 2000, of which 32 were AFVs. Attachment A provides detailed information on the number and types of light-duty vehicles leased or purchased by DOJ fleets in FY 2000.
Figure 1. Summary of FY 2000 Acquisitions and Planned FY 2001 and 2002 AFV Acquisitions
Additional vehicles were leased and purchased by DOJ that were not "covered" vehicles. Of the total of 3,046 light-duty vehicles acquired in FY 2000, the following were not counted for compliance:
Special Projects of the DOJ Fleet Related to AFV and Infrastructure Acquisitions
The Department is continuing with plans for infrastructure upgrades including installation of compressed natural gas refueling stations at one Bureau of Prison (BOP) facility with plans for conversions/installations at several other BOP and Federal Bureau of Investigation facilities. We are also reviewing the feasibility of converting facilities that currently use diesel fuel to bio-diesel.
Alternative Fuel Use by DOJ Fleets in FY 2000
Table 1 presents alternative fuel use data for the DOJ fleets in fiscal year 2000. The majority ofvehicles acquired by DOJ are owned. Some are leased from GSA, and the leasing contract folds in the maintenance and fuel costs for the vehicles. This is accomplished by the use of a GSA credit card that the fleets use to purchase alternative fuel. However, since product code standards are not uniform among suppliers of alternative fuels (e.g., ethanol or E-85), it is impossible for credit vendors to accurately track the purchase of alternative fuels with this credit card. This is also true for owned vehicles. The exception may be natural gas, which is usually purchased at a local utility refueling site, allowing the fleets to contact the utility for an accurate accounting of purchased fuel.
Table 1. DOJ Fuel Use in FY 2000
DOJ Fleet AFV Acquisitions for FY 2001 and FY 2002
Attachments B and C provide detailed information on projected vehicle acquisitions and inventory for DOJ fleets for FY 2001 and FY 2002. In FY 2001, DOJ is planning to acquire a cumulative total of 206 light-duty vehicles, of which 190 will be alternative fuel vehicles, exceeding the EPAct requirements of 155 AFVs. In FY 2002, DOJ is planning to acquire a cumulative total of 192 light-duty vehicles, of which 174 will be alternative fuel vehicles, exceeding the EPAct requirements of 144 AFVs.
Since it is difficult, if not impossible, to project petroleum savings for FY 2001 and FY 2002 based upon the estimated AFV acquisitions, improvements in fuel economy, and fleet efficiency, petroleum savings are reported for only FY 2000 (attachment D) based on actual data at hand for FY 1999 and FY 2000.
In FY 1999 DOJ's baseline petroleum consumption was 1,210,491 GGE and FY 2000 petroleum consumption was 1,041,136 GGE. (Attachment D) This represents a savings of 169,355 GGE in FY 2000 compared to the 1999 baseline (a 14 percent reduction in fuel use).
As detailed in this report and the attached appendices, DOJ will excee the AFV acquisition requirements of EPAct in FY 2001 and 2002. In addition, DOJ fleets were able to reduce the agency's annual fleet petroleum consumption by 169,355 GGE in FY 2000. The DOJ will continue to implement its strategy for complying with the requirements of Executive Order 13149, which will result in at least a 20 percent reduction in the fleet's annual petroleum consumption in FY 2005.
Attachment A - AFV Report 2000 - Actuals
Attachment B - AFV Report 2001 - Planned
Attachment C - AFV Report 2002 - Projected
Attachment D - Petroleum Consumption Report