UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Civil Action No. 98-1232 (CKK)
(November 12, 2002)
WHEREAS, plaintiffs United States of America ("United States") and the States of New
York, Ohio, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, North Carolina and
Wisconsin and defendant Microsoft Corporation ("Microsoft"), by their respective attorneys,
have consented to the entry of this Final Judgment;
AND WHEREAS, this Final Judgment does not constitute any admission by any party
regarding any issue of fact or law;
AND WHEREAS, Microsoft agrees to be bound by the provisions of this Final Judgment
pending its approval by the Court;
NOW THEREFORE, upon remand from the United States Court of Appeals for the District of
Columbia Circuit, and upon the consent of the aforementioned parties, it is hereby
ORDERED, ADJUDGED, AND DECREED:
This Court has jurisdiction of the subject matter of this action and of the person of
This Final Judgment applies to Microsoft and to each of its officers, directors, agents,
employees, subsidiaries, successors and assigns; and to all other persons in active concert or
participation with any of them who shall have received actual notice of this Final Judgment by
personal service or otherwise.
III. Prohibited Conduct
A. Microsoft shall not retaliate against an OEM by altering Microsoft's commercial
relations with that OEM, or by withholding newly introduced forms of non-monetary
Consideration (including but not limited to new versions of existing forms of non-monetary
Consideration) from that OEM, because it is known to Microsoft that the OEM is or is
- developing, distributing, promoting, using, selling, or licensing any software
that competes with Microsoft Platform Software or any product or service that
distributes or promotes any Non-Microsoft Middleware;
- shipping a Personal Computer that (a) includes both a Windows Operating
System Product and a non-Microsoft Operating System, or (b) will boot with
more than one Operating System; or
- exercising any of the options or alternatives provided for under this Final
Nothing in this provision shall prohibit Microsoft from enforcing any provision of any license
with any OEM or any intellectual property right that is not inconsistent with this Final
Judgment. Microsoft shall not terminate a Covered OEM's license for a Windows Operating
System Product without having first given the Covered OEM written notice of the reasons for
the proposed termination and not less than thirty days' opportunity to cure. Notwithstanding
the foregoing, Microsoft shall have no obligation to provide such a termination notice and
opportunity to cure to any Covered OEM that has received two or more such notices during
the term of its Windows Operating System Product license.
Nothing in this provision shall prohibit Microsoft from providing Consideration to any OEM
with respect to any Microsoft product or service where that Consideration is commensurate
with the absolute level or amount of that OEM's development, distribution, promotion, or
licensing of that Microsoft product or service.
B. Microsoft's provision of Windows Operating System Products to Covered OEMs shall
be pursuant to uniform license agreements with uniform terms and conditions. Without
limiting the foregoing, Microsoft shall charge each Covered OEM the applicable royalty for
Windows Operating System Products as set forth on a schedule, to be established by
Microsoft and published on a web site accessible to the Plaintiffs and all Covered OEMs, that
provides for uniform royalties for Windows Operating System Products, except that:
- the schedule may specify different royalties for different language versions;
- the schedule may specify reasonable volume discounts based upon the actual
volume of licenses of any Windows Operating System Product or any group of
such products; and
- the schedule may include market development allowances, programs, or other
discounts in connection with Windows Operating System Products, provided
- such discounts are offered and available uniformly to all Covered
OEMs, except that Microsoft may establish one uniform discount
schedule for the ten largest Covered OEMs and a second uniform
discount schedule for the eleventh through twentieth largest Covered
OEMs, where the size of the OEM is measured by volume of licenses;
- such discounts are based on objective, verifiable criteria that shall be
applied and enforced on a uniform basis for all Covered OEMs; and
- such discounts or their award shall not be based on or impose any
criterion or requirement that is otherwise inconsistent with any portion
of this Final Judgment.
C. Microsoft shall not restrict by agreement any OEM licensee from exercising any of the
following options or alternatives:
- Installing, and displaying icons, shortcuts, or menu entries for, any Non-Microsoft Middleware or any product or service (including but not limited to
IAP products or services) that distributes, uses, promotes, or supports any Non-Microsoft Middleware, on the desktop or Start menu, or anywhere else in a
Windows Operating System Product where a list of icons, shortcuts, or menu
entries for applications are generally displayed, except that Microsoft may
restrict an OEM from displaying icons, shortcuts and menu entries for any
product in any list of such icons, shortcuts, or menu entries specified in the
Windows documentation as being limited to products that provide particular
types of functionality, provided that the restrictions are non-discriminatory
with respect to non-Microsoft and Microsoft products.
- Distributing or promoting Non-Microsoft Middleware by installing and displaying on the desktop shortcuts of any size or shape so long as such shortcuts
do not impair the functionality of the user interface.
- Launching automatically, at the conclusion of the initial boot sequence or subsequent boot sequences, or upon connections to or disconnections from the
Internet, any Non-Microsoft Middleware if a Microsoft Middleware Product
that provides similar functionality would otherwise be launched automatically
at that time, provided that any such Non-Microsoft Middleware displays on the
desktop no user interface or a user interface of similar size and shape to the
user interface displayed by the corresponding Microsoft Middleware Product.
- Offering users the option of launching other Operating Systems from the Basic
Input/Output System or a non-Microsoft boot-loader or similar program that
launches prior to the start of the Windows Operating System Product.
- Presenting in the initial boot sequence its own IAP offer provided that the
OEM complies with reasonable technical specifications established by
Microsoft, including a requirement that the end user be returned to the initial
boot sequence upon the conclusion of any such offer.
- Exercising any of the options provided in Section III.H of this Final Judgment.
D. Starting at the earlier of the release of Service Pack 1 for Windows XP or 12 months
after the submission of this Final Judgment to the Court, Microsoft shall disclose to ISVs,
IHVs, IAPs, ICPs, and OEMs, for the sole purpose of interoperating with a Windows
Operating System Product, via the Microsoft Developer Network ("MSDN") or similar
mechanisms, the APIs and related Documentation that are used by Microsoft Middleware to
interoperate with a Windows Operating System Product. For purposes of this Section III.D,
the term APIs means the interfaces, including any associated callback interfaces, that
Microsoft Middleware running on a Windows Operating System Product uses to call upon
that Windows Operating System Product in order to obtain any services from that Windows
Operating System Product. In the case of a new major version of Microsoft Middleware, the
disclosures required by this Section III.D shall occur no later than the last major beta test
release of that Microsoft Middleware. In the case of a new version of a Windows Operating
System Product, the obligations imposed by this Section III.D shall occur in a Timely Manner.
E. Starting nine months after the submission of this proposed Final Judgment to the
Court, Microsoft shall make available for use by third parties, for the sole purpose of interoperating or communicating with a Windows Operating System Product, on reasonable and
non-discriminatory terms (consistent with Section III.I), any Communications Protocol that is,
on or after the date this Final Judgment is submitted to the Court, (i) implemented in a
Windows Operating System Product installed on a client computer, and (ii) used to
interoperate, or communicate, natively (i.e., without the addition of software code to the client
operating system product) with a Microsoft server operating system product.
- Microsoft shall not retaliate against any ISV or IHV because of that ISV's or IHV's:
- developing, using, distributing, promoting or supporting any software
that competes with Microsoft Platform Software or any software that
runs on any software that competes with Microsoft Platform Software,
- exercising any of the options or alternatives provided for under this
- Microsoft shall not enter into any agreement relating to a Windows Operating
System Product that conditions the grant of any Consideration on an ISV's
refraining from developing, using, distributing, or promoting any software that
competes with Microsoft Platform Software or any software that runs on any
software that competes with Microsoft Platform Software, except that
Microsoft may enter into agreements that place limitations on an ISV's
development, use, distribution or promotion of any such software if those
limitations are reasonably necessary to and of reasonable scope and duration in
relation to a bona fide contractual obligation of the ISV to use, distribute or
promote any Microsoft software or to develop software for, or in conjunction
- Nothing in this section shall prohibit Microsoft from enforcing any provision
of any agreement with any ISV or IHV, or any intellectual property right, that
is not inconsistent with this Final Judgment.
G. Microsoft shall not enter into any agreement with:
- any IAP, ICP, ISV, IHV or OEM that grants Consideration on the condition
that such entity distributes, promotes, uses, or supports, exclusively or in a
fixed percentage, any Microsoft Platform Software, except that Microsoft may
enter into agreements in which such an entity agrees to distribute, promote, use
or support Microsoft Platform Software in a fixed percentage whenever
Microsoft in good faith obtains a representation that it is commercially
practicable for the entity to provide equal or greater distribution, promotion,
use or support for software that competes with Microsoft Platform Software, or
- any IAP or ICP that grants placement on the desktop or elsewhere in any
Windows Operating System Product to that IAP or ICP on the condition that
the IAP or ICP refrain from distributing, promoting or using any software that
competes with Microsoft Middleware.
Nothing in this section shall prohibit Microsoft from entering into (a) any bona fide joint
venture or (b) any joint development or joint services arrangement with any ISV, IHV, IAP,
ICP, or OEM for a new product, technology or service, or any material value-add to an
existing product, technology or service, in which both Microsoft and the ISV, IHV, IAP, ICP,
or OEM contribute significant developer or other resources, that prohibits such entity from
competing with the object of the joint venture or other arrangement for a reasonable period of
This Section does not apply to any agreements in which Microsoft licenses intellectual
property in from a third party.
H. Starting at the earlier of the release of Service Pack 1 for Windows XP or 12 months
after the submission of this Final Judgment to the Court, Microsoft shall:
- Allow end users (via a mechanism readily accessible from the desktop or Start
menu such as an Add/Remove icon) and OEMs (via standard preinstallation
kits) to enable or remove access to each Microsoft Middleware Product or
Non-Microsoft Middleware Product by (a) displaying or removing icons, shortcuts, or menu entries on the desktop or Start menu, or anywhere else in a
Windows Operating System Product where a list of icons, shortcuts, or menu
entries for applications are generally displayed, except that Microsoft may
restrict the display of icons, shortcuts, or menu entries for any product in any
list of such icons, shortcuts, or menu entries specified in the Windows documentation as being limited to products that provide particular types of functionality, provided that the restrictions are non-discriminatory with respect to
non-Microsoft and Microsoft products; and (b) enabling or disabling automatic
invocations pursuant to Section III.C.3 of this Final Judgment that are used to
launch Non-Microsoft Middleware Products or Microsoft Middleware Products. The mechanism shall offer the end user a separate and unbiased choice
with respect to enabling or removing access (as described in this subsection
III.H.1) and altering default invocations (as described in the following
subsection III.H.2) with regard to each such Microsoft Middleware Product or
Non-Microsoft Middleware Product and may offer the end-user a separate and
unbiased choice of enabling or removing access and altering default configurations as to all Microsoft Middleware Products as a group or all Non-Microsoft
Middleware Products as a group.
- Allow end users (via an unbiased mechanism readily available from the
desktop or Start menu), OEMs (via standard OEM preinstallation kits), and
Non-Microsoft Middleware Products (via a mechanism which may, at
Microsoft's option, require confirmation from the end user in an unbiased
manner) to designate a Non-Microsoft Middleware Product to be invoked in
place of that Microsoft Middleware Product (or vice versa) in any case where
the Windows Operating System Product would otherwise launch the Microsoft
Middleware Product in a separate Top-Level Window and display either (i) all
of the user interface elements or (ii) the Trademark of the Microsoft
Notwithstanding the foregoing Section III.H.2, the Windows Operating System
Product may invoke a Microsoft Middleware Product in any instance in which:
- that Microsoft Middleware Product would be invoked solely for use in
interoperating with a server maintained by Microsoft (outside the
context of general Web browsing), or
- that designated Non-Microsoft Middleware Product fails to implement
a reasonable technical requirement (e.g., a requirement to be able to
host a particular ActiveX control) that is necessary for valid technical
reasons to supply the end user with functionality consistent with a
Windows Operating System Product, provided that the technical
reasons are described in a reasonably prompt manner to any ISV that
- Ensure that a Windows Operating System Product does not (a) automatically
alter an OEM's configuration of icons, shortcuts or menu entries installed or
displayed by the OEM pursuant to Section III.C of this Final Judgment without
first seeking confirmation from the user and (b) seek such confirmation from
the end user for an automatic (as opposed to user-initiated) alteration of the
OEM's configuration until 14 days after the initial boot up of a new Personal
Computer. Any such automatic alteration and confirmation shall be unbiased
with respect to Microsoft Middleware Products and Non-Microsoft
Middleware. Microsoft shall not alter the manner in which a Windows
Operating System Product automatically alters an OEM's configuration of
icons, shortcuts or menu entries other than in a new version of a Windows
Operating System Product.
Microsoft's obligations under this Section III.H as to any new Windows Operating System
Product shall be determined based on the Microsoft Middleware Products which exist seven
months prior to the last beta test version (i.e., the one immediately preceding the first release
candidate) of that Windows Operating System Product.
I. Microsoft shall offer to license to ISVs, IHVs, IAPs, ICPs, and OEMs any intellectual
property rights owned or licensable by Microsoft that are required to exercise any of the
options or alternatives expressly provided to them under this Final Judgment, provided that
- all terms, including royalties or other payment of monetary consideration, are
reasonable and non-discriminatory;
- the scope of any such license (and the intellectual property rights licensed
thereunder) need be no broader than is necessary to ensure that an ISV, IHV,
IAP, ICP or OEM is able to exercise the options or alternatives expressly
provided under this Final Judgment (e.g., an ISV's, IHV's, IAP's, ICP's and
OEM's option to promote Non-Microsoft Middleware shall not confer any
rights to any Microsoft intellectual property rights infringed by that Non-Microsoft Middleware);
- an ISV's, IHV's, IAP's, ICP's, or OEM's rights may be conditioned on its not
assigning, transferring or sublicensing its rights under any license granted
under this provision; and
- the terms of any license granted under this section are in all respects consistent
with the express terms of this Final Judgment.
Beyond the express terms of any license granted by Microsoft pursuant to this section, this
Final Judgment does not, directly or by implication, estoppel or otherwise, confer any rights,
licenses, covenants or immunities with regard to any Microsoft intellectual property to
J. No provision of this Final Judgment shall:
- Require Microsoft to document, disclose or license to third parties: (a) portions
of APIs or Documentation or portions or layers of Communications Protocols
the disclosure of which would compromise the security of a particular installation or group of installations of anti-piracy, anti-virus, software licensing,
digital rights management, encryption or authentication systems, including
without limitation, keys, authorization tokens or enforcement criteria; or
(b) any API, interface or other information related to any Microsoft product if
lawfully directed not to do so by a governmental agency of competent jurisdiction.
- Prevent Microsoft from conditioning any license of any API, Documentation or
Communications Protocol related to anti-piracy systems, anti-virus technologies, license enforcement mechanisms, authentication/authorization
security, or third party intellectual property protection mechanisms of any
Microsoft product to any person or entity on the requirement that the licensee:
(a) has no history of software counterfeiting or piracy or willful violation of
intellectual property rights, (b) has a reasonable business need for the API,
Documentation or Communications Protocol for a planned or shipping product,
(c) meets reasonable, objective standards established by Microsoft for
certifying the authenticity and viability of its business, (d) agrees to submit, at
its own expense, any computer program using such APIs, Documentation or
Communication Protocols to third-party verification, approved by Microsoft, to
test for and ensure verification and compliance with Microsoft specifications
for use of the API or interface, which specifications shall be related to proper
operation and integrity of the systems and mechanisms identified in this
IV. Compliance and Enforcement Procedures
- Enforcement Authority
- The Plaintiffs shall have exclusive responsibility for enforcing this Final
Judgment. Without in any way limiting the sovereign enforcement authority of
each of the plaintiff States, the plaintiff States shall form a committee to
coordinate their enforcement of this Final Judgment. A plaintiff State shall
take no action to enforce this Final Judgment without first consulting with the
United States and with the plaintiff States' enforcement committee.
- To determine and enforce compliance with this Final Judgment, duly
authorized representatives of the United States and the plaintiff States, on
reasonable notice to Microsoft and subject to any lawful privilege, shall be
permitted the following:
- Access during normal office hours to inspect any and all source code,
books, ledgers, accounts, correspondence, memoranda and other
documents and records in the possession, custody, or control of
Microsoft, which may have counsel present, regarding any matters
contained in this Final Judgment.
- Subject to the reasonable convenience of Microsoft and without
restraint or interference from it, to interview, informally or on the
record, officers, employees, or agents of Microsoft, who may have
counsel present, regarding any matters contained in this Final
- Upon written request of the United States or a duly designated
representative of a plaintiff State, on reasonable notice given to
Microsoft, Microsoft shall submit such written reports under oath as
requested regarding any matters contained in this Final Judgment.
Individual plaintiff States will consult with the plaintiff States' enforcement
committee to minimize the duplication and burden of the exercise of the
foregoing powers, where practicable.
- The Plaintiffs shall not disclose any information or documents obtained from
Microsoft under this Final Judgment except for the purpose of securing
compliance with this Final Judgment, in a legal proceeding to which one or
more of the Plaintiffs is a party, or as otherwise required by law; provided that
the relevant Plaintiff(s) must provide ten days' advance notice to Microsoft
before disclosing in any legal proceeding (other than a grand jury proceeding)
to which Microsoft is not a party any information or documents provided by
Microsoft pursuant to this Final Judgment which Microsoft has identified in
writing as material as to which a claim of protection may be asserted under
Rule 26(c)(7) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
- The Plaintiffs shall have the authority to seek such orders as are necessary from
the Court to enforce this Final Judgment, provided, however, that the Plaintiffs
shall afford Microsoft a reasonable opportunity to cure alleged violations of
Sections III.C, III.D, III.E and III.H, provided further that any action by
Microsoft to cure any such violation shall not be a defense to enforcement with
respect to any knowing, willful or systematic violations.
- Appointment of a Technical Committee
- Within 30 days of entry of this Final Judgment, the parties shall create and
recommend to the Court for its appointment a three-person Technical
Committee ("TC") to assist in enforcement of and compliance with this Final
- The TC members shall be experts in software design and programming. No
TC member shall have a conflict of interest that could prevent him or her from
performing his or her duties under this Final Judgment in a fair and unbiased
manner. Without limitation to the foregoing, no TC member (absent the agreement of both parties):
- shall have been employed in any capacity by Microsoft or any
competitor to Microsoft within the past year, nor shall she or he be so
employed during his or her term on the TC;
- shall have been retained as a consulting or testifying expert by any
person in this action or in any other action adverse to or on behalf of
- shall perform any other work for Microsoft or any competitor of
Microsoft for two years after the expiration of the term of his or her
service on the TC.
- Within 7 days of entry of this Final Judgment, the Plaintiffs as a group and
Microsoft shall each select one member of the TC, and those two members
shall then select the third member. The selection and approval process shall
proceed as follows.
- As soon as practicable after submission of this Final Judgment to the
Court, the Plaintiffs as a group and Microsoft shall each identify to the
other the individual it proposes to select as its designee to the TC. The
Plaintiffs and Microsoft shall not object to each other's selection on any
ground other than failure to satisfy the requirements of Section IV.B.2
above. Any such objection shall be made within ten business days of
the receipt of notification of selection.
- The Plaintiffs shall apply to the Court for appointment of the persons
selected by the Plaintiffs and Microsoft pursuant to Section IV.B.3.a
above. Any objections to the eligibility of a selected person that the
parties have failed to resolve between themselves shall be decided by
the Court based solely on the requirements stated in Section IV.B.2
- As soon as practical after their appointment by the Court, the two
members of the TC selected by the Plaintiffs and Microsoft (the
"Standing Committee Members") shall identify to the Plaintiffs and
Microsoft the person that they in turn propose to select as the third
member of the TC. The Plaintiffs and Microsoft shall not object to this
selection on any grounds other than failure to satisfy the requirements
of Section IV.B.2 above. Any such objection shall be made within ten
business days of the receipt of notification of the selection and shall be
served on the other party as well as on the Standing Committee
- The Plaintiffs shall apply to the Court for appointment of the person
selected by the Standing Committee Members. If the Standing
Committee Members cannot agree on a third member of the TC, the
third member shall be appointed by the Court. Any objection by
Microsoft or the Plaintiffs to the eligibility of the person selected by the
Standing Committee Members which the parties have failed to resolve
among themselves shall also be decided by the Court based on the
requirements stated in Section IV.B.2 above.
- Each TC member shall serve for an initial term of 30 months. At the end of a
TC member's initial 30-month term, the party that originally selected him or
her may, in its sole discretion, either request re-appointment by the Court to a
second 30-month term or replace the TC member in the same manner as
provided for in Section IV.B.3.a above. In the case of the third member of the
TC, that member shall be re-appointed or replaced in the manner provided in
Section IV.B.3.c above.
- If the United States determines that a member of the TC has failed to act
diligently and consistently with the purposes of this Final Judgment, or if a
member of the TC resigns, or for any other reason ceases to serve in his or her
capacity as a member of the TC, the person or persons that originally selected
the TC member shall select a replacement member in the same manner as
provided for in Section IV.B.3.
- Promptly after appointment of the TC by the Court, the United States shall
enter into a Technical Committee services agreement ("TC Services Agreement") with each TC member that grants the rights, powers and authorities
necessary to permit the TC to perform its duties under this Final Judgment.
Microsoft shall indemnify each TC member and hold him or her harmless
against any losses, claims, damages, liabilities or expenses arising out of, or in
connection with, the performance of the TC's duties, except to the extent that
such liabilities, losses, damages, claims, or expenses result from misfeasance,
gross negligence, willful or wanton acts, or bad faith by the TC member. The
TC Services Agreements shall include the following.
- The TC members shall serve, without bond or other security, at the cost
and expense of Microsoft on such terms and conditions as the Plaintiffs
approve, including the payment of reasonable fees and expenses.
- The TC Services Agreement shall provide that each member of the TC
shall comply with the limitations provided for in Section IV.B.2 above.
- Microsoft shall provide the TC with a permanent office, telephone, and other
office support facilities at Microsoft's corporate campus in Redmond,
Washington. Microsoft shall also, upon reasonable advance notice from the
TC, provide the TC with reasonable access to available office space, telephone,
and other office support facilities at any other Microsoft facility identified by
- The TC shall have the following powers and duties:
- The TC shall have the power and authority to monitor Microsoft's
compliance with its obligations under this final judgment.
- The TC may, on reasonable notice to Microsoft:
- interview, either informally or on the record, any Microsoft
personnel, who may have counsel present; any such interview to
be subject to the reasonable convenience of such personnel and
without restraint or interference by Microsoft;
- inspect and copy any document in the possession, custody or
control of Microsoft personnel;
- obtain reasonable access to any systems or equipment to which
Microsoft personnel have access;
- obtain access to, and inspect, any physical facility, building or
other premises to which Microsoft personnel have access; and
- require Microsoft personnel to provide compilations of
documents, data and other information, and to submit reports to
the TC containing such material, in such form as the TC may
- The TC shall have access to Microsoft's source code, subject to the
terms of Microsoft's standard source code Confidentiality Agreement,
as approved by the Plaintiffs and to be agreed to by the TC members
pursuant to Section IV.B.9 below, and by any staff or consultants who
may have access to the source code. The TC may study, interrogate and
interact with the source code in order to perform its functions and
duties, including the handling of complaints and other inquiries from
- The TC shall receive complaints from the Compliance Officer, third
parties or the Plaintiffs and handle them in the manner specified in
Section IV.D below.
- The TC shall report in writing to the Plaintiffs every six months until
expiration of this Final Judgment the actions it has undertaken in
performing its duties pursuant to this Final Judgment, including the
identification of each business practice reviewed and any recommendations made by the TC.
- Regardless of when reports are due, when the TC has reason to believe
that there may have been a failure by Microsoft to comply with any
term of this Final Judgment, the TC shall immediately notify the
Plaintiffs in writing setting forth the relevant details.
- TC members may communicate with non-parties about how their
complaints or inquiries might be resolved with Microsoft, so long as
the confidentiality of information obtained from Microsoft is
- The TC may hire at the cost and expense of Microsoft, with prior notice
to Microsoft and subject to approval by the Plaintiffs, such staff or
consultants (all of whom must meet the qualifications of Section
IV.B.2) as are reasonably necessary for the TC to carry out its duties
and responsibilities under this Final Judgment. The compensation of
any person retained by the TC shall be based on reasonable and
customary terms commensurate with the individual's experience and
- The TC shall account for all reasonable expenses incurred, including
agreed upon fees for the TC members' services, subject to the approval
of the Plaintiffs. Microsoft may, on application to the Court, object to
the reasonableness of any such fees or other expenses. On any such
application: (a) the burden shall be on Microsoft to demonstrate
unreasonableness; and (b) the TC member(s) shall be entitled to recover
all costs incurred on such application (including reasonable attorneys'
fees and costs), regardless of the Court's disposition of such
application, unless the Court shall expressly find that the TC's opposition to the application was without substantial justification.
- Each TC member, and any consultants or staff hired by the TC, shall sign a
confidentiality agreement prohibiting disclosure of any information obtained in
the course of performing his or her duties as a member of the TC or as a person
assisting the TC to anyone other than Microsoft, the Plaintiffs, or the Court.
All information gathered by the TC in connection with this Final Judgment and
any report and recommendations prepared by the TC shall be treated as Highly
Confidential under the Protective Order in this case, and shall not be disclosed
to any person other than Microsoft and the Plaintiffs except as allowed by the
Protective Order entered in the Action or by further order of this Court.
- No member of the TC shall make any public statements relating to the TC's
- Appointment of a Microsoft Internal Compliance Officer
- Microsoft shall designate, within 30 days of entry of this Final Judgment, an
internal Compliance Officer who shall be an employee of Microsoft with
responsibility for administering Microsoft's antitrust compliance program and
helping to ensure compliance with this Final Judgment.
- The Compliance Officer shall supervise the review of Microsoft's activities to
ensure that they comply with this Final Judgment. He or she may be assisted
by other employees of Microsoft.
- The Compliance Officer shall be responsible for performing the following
- within 30 days after entry of this Final Judgment, distributing a copy of
the Final Judgment to all officers and directors of Microsoft;
- promptly distributing a copy of this Final Judgment to any person who
succeeds to a position described in Section IV.C.3.a above;
- ensuring that those persons designated in Section IV.C.3.a above are
annually briefed on the meaning and requirements of this Final
Judgment and the U.S. antitrust laws and advising them that
Microsoft's legal advisors are available to confer with them regarding
any question concerning compliance with this Final Judgment or under
the U.S. antitrust laws;
- obtaining from each person designated in Section IV.C.3.a above an
annual written certification that he or she: (i) has read and agrees to
abide by the terms of this Final Judgment; and (ii) has been advised and
understands that his or her failure to comply with this Final Judgment
may result in a finding of contempt of court;
- maintaining a record of all persons to whom a copy of this Final
Judgment has been distributed and from whom the certification
described in Section IV.C.3.d above has been obtained;
- establishing and maintaining the website provided for in Section
- receiving complaints from third parties, the TC and the Plaintiffs
concerning Microsoft's compliance with this Final Judgment and
following the appropriate procedures set forth in Section IV.D below;
- maintaining a record of all complaints received and action taken by
Microsoft with respect to each such complaint.
- Voluntary Dispute Resolution
- Third parties may submit complaints concerning Microsoft's compliance with
this Final Judgment to the Plaintiffs, the TC or the Compliance Officer.
- In order to enhance the ability of the Plaintiffs to enforce compliance with this
Final Judgment, and to advance the parties' joint interest and the public interest
in prompt resolution of issues and disputes, the parties have agreed that the TC
and the Compliance Officer shall have the following additional responsibilities.
- Submissions to the Compliance Officer.
- Third parties, the TC, or the Plaintiffs in their discretion may submit to
the Compliance Officer any complaints concerning Microsoft's
compliance with this Final Judgment. Without in any way limiting its
authority to take any other action to enforce this Final Judgment, the
Plaintiffs may submit complaints related to Sections III.C, III.D, III.E
and III.H to the Compliance Officer whenever doing so would be
consistent with the public interest.
- To facilitate the communication of complaints and inquiries by third
parties, the Compliance Officer shall place on Microsoft's Internet
website, in a manner acceptable to the Plaintiffs, the procedures for
submitting complaints. To encourage whenever possible the informal
resolution of complaints and inquiries, the website shall provide a
mechanism for communicating complaints and inquiries to the
- Microsoft shall have 30 days after receiving a complaint to attempt to
resolve it or reject it, and will then promptly advise the TC of the nature
of the complaint and its disposition.
- Submissions to the TC.
- The Compliance Officer, third parties or the Plaintiffs in their
discretion may submit to the TC any complaints concerning Microsoft's
compliance with this Final Judgment.
- The TC shall investigate complaints received and will consult with the
Plaintiffs regarding its investigation. At least once during its investigation, and more often when it may help resolve complaints informally,
the TC shall meet with the Compliance Officer to allow Microsoft to
respond to the substance of the complaint and to determine whether the
complaint can be resolved without further proceedings.
- If the TC concludes that a complaint is meritorious, it shall advise
Microsoft and the Plaintiffs of its conclusion and its proposal for cure.
- No work product, findings or recommendations by the TC may be
admitted in any enforcement proceeding before the Court for any
purpose, and no member of the TC shall testify by deposition, in court
or before any other tribunal regarding any matter related to this Final
- The TC may preserve the anonymity of any third party complainant
where it deems it appropriate to do so upon the request of the Plaintiffs
or the third party, or in its discretion.
- Unless this Court grants an extension, this Final Judgment will expire on the fifth
anniversary of the date it is entered by the Court.
- In any enforcement proceeding in which the Court has found that Microsoft has
engaged in a pattern of willful and systematic violations, the Plaintiffs may apply to
the Court for a one-time extension of this Final Judgment of up to two years, together
with such other relief as the Court may deem appropriate.
- "API" means application programming interface, including any interface that
Microsoft is obligated to disclose pursuant to III.D.
- "Communications Protocol" means the set of rules for information exchange to
accomplish predefined tasks between a Windows Operating System Product and a
server operating system product connected via a network, including, but not limited to,
a local area network, a wide area network or the Internet. These rules govern the
format, semantics, timing, sequencing, and error control of messages exchanged over a
- "Consideration" means any monetary payment or the provision of preferential
licensing terms; technical, marketing, and sales support; enabling programs; product
information; information about future plans; developer support; hardware or software
certification or approval; or permission to display trademarks, icons or logos.
- "Covered OEMs" means the 20 OEMs with the highest worldwide volume of licenses
of Windows Operating System Products reported to Microsoft in Microsoft's fiscal
year preceding the effective date of the Final Judgment. The OEMs that fall within
this definition of Covered OEMs shall be recomputed by Microsoft as soon as
practicable after the close of each of Microsoft's fiscal years.
- "Documentation" means all information regarding the identification and means of
using APIs that a person of ordinary skill in the art requires to make effective use of
those APIs. Such information shall be of the sort and to the level of specificity,
precision and detail that Microsoft customarily provides for APIs it documents in the
Microsoft Developer Network ("MSDN").
- "IAP" means an Internet access provider that provides consumers with a connection to
the Internet, with or without its own proprietary content.
- "ICP" means an Internet content provider that provides content to users of the Internet
by maintaining Web sites.
- "IHV" means an independent hardware vendor that develops hardware to be included
in or used with a Personal Computer running a Windows Operating System Product.
- "ISV" means an entity other than Microsoft that is engaged in the development or
marketing of software products.
- "Microsoft Middleware" means software code that
- Microsoft distributes separately from a Windows Operating System Product to
update that Windows Operating System Product;
- is Trademarked or is marketed by Microsoft as a major version of any
Microsoft Middleware Product defined in section VI.K.1; and
- provides the same or substantially similar functionality as a Microsoft
Microsoft Middleware shall include at least the software code that controls most or all
of the user interface elements of that Microsoft Middleware.
Software code described as part of, and distributed separately to update, a Microsoft
Middleware Product shall not be deemed Microsoft Middleware unless identified as a
new major version of that Microsoft Middleware Product. A major version shall be
identified by a whole number or by a number with just a single digit to the right of the
- "Microsoft Middleware Product" means
- the functionality provided by Internet Explorer, Microsoft's Java Virtual
Machine, Windows Media Player, Windows Messenger, Outlook Express and
their successors in a Windows Operating System Product, and
- for any functionality that is first licensed, distributed or sold by Microsoft after
the entry of this Final Judgment and that is part of any Windows Operating
- Internet browsers, email client software, networked audio/video client
software, instant messaging software or
- functionality provided by Microsoft software that --
- is, or in the year preceding the commercial release of any new
Windows Operating System Product was, distributed separately
by Microsoft (or by an entity acquired by Microsoft) from a
Windows Operating System Product;
- is similar to the functionality provided by a Non-Microsoft
Middleware Product; and
- is Trademarked.
Functionality that Microsoft describes or markets as being part of a Microsoft
Middleware Product (such as a service pack, upgrade, or bug fix for Internet Explorer),
or that is a version of a Microsoft Middleware Product (such as Internet Explorer 5.5),
shall be considered to be part of that Microsoft Middleware Product.
- "Microsoft Platform Software" means (i) a Windows Operating System Product and/or
(ii) a Microsoft Middleware Product.
- "Non-Microsoft Middleware" means a non-Microsoft software product running on a
Windows Operating System Product that exposes a range of functionality to ISVs
through published APIs, and that could, if ported to or made interoperable with, a non-Microsoft Operating System, thereby make it easier for applications that rely in whole
or in part on the functionality supplied by that software product to be ported to or run
on that non-Microsoft Operating System.
- "Non-Microsoft Middleware Product" means a non-Microsoft software product running on a Windows Operating System Product (i) that exposes a range of functionality
to ISVs through published APIs, and that could, if ported to or made interoperable
with, a non-Microsoft Operating System, thereby make it easier for applications that
rely in whole or in part on the functionality supplied by that software product to be
ported to or run on that non-Microsoft Operating System, and (ii) of which at least one
million copies were distributed in the United States within the previous year.
- "OEM" means an original equipment manufacturer of Personal Computers that is a
licensee of a Windows Operating System Product.
- "Operating System" means the software code that, inter alia, (i) controls the allocation
and usage of hardware resources (such as the microprocessor and various peripheral
devices) of a Personal Computer, (ii) provides a platform for developing applications
by exposing functionality to ISVs through APIs, and (iii) supplies a user interface that
enables users to access functionality of the operating system and in which they can run
- "Personal Computer" means any computer configured so that its primary purpose is
for use by one person at a time, that uses a video display and keyboard (whether or not
that video display and keyboard is included) and that contains an Intel x86 compatible
(or successor) microprocessor. Servers, television set top boxes, handheld computers,
game consoles, telephones, pagers, and personal digital assistants are examples of
products that are not Personal Computers within the meaning of this definition.
- "Timely Manner" means at the time Microsoft first releases a beta test version of a
Windows Operating System Product that is made available via an MSDN subscription
offering or of which 150,000 or more beta copies are distributed.
- "Top-Level Window" means a window displayed by a Windows Operating System
Product that (a) has its own window controls, such as move, resize, close, minimize,
and maximize, (b) can contain sub-windows, and (c) contains user interface elements
under the control of at least one independent process.
- "Trademarked" means distributed in commerce and identified as distributed by a name
other than Microsoft® or Windows® that Microsoft has claimed as a trademark or
service mark by (i) marking the name with trademark notices, such as ® or TM, in
connection with a product distributed in the United States; (ii) filing an application for
trademark protection for the name in the United States Patent and Trademark Office;
or (iii) asserting the name as a trademark in the United States in a demand letter or
lawsuit. Any product distributed under descriptive or generic terms or a name
comprised of the Microsoft® or Windows® trademarks together with descriptive or
generic terms shall not be Trademarked as that term is used in this Final Judgment.
Microsoft hereby disclaims any trademark rights in such descriptive or generic terms
apart from the Microsoft® or Windows® trademarks, and hereby abandons any such
rights that it may acquire in the future.
- "Windows Operating System Product" means the software code (as opposed to source
code) distributed commercially by Microsoft for use with Personal Computers as
Windows 2000 Professional, Windows XP Home, Windows XP Professional, and
successors to the foregoing, including the Personal Computer versions of the products
currently code named "Longhorn" and "Blackcomb" and their successors, including
upgrades, bug fixes, service packs, etc. The software code that comprises a Windows
Operating System Product shall be determined by Microsoft in its sole discretion.
VII. Further Elements
Jurisdiction is retained by this Court over this action such that the Court may act sua sponte to issue further orders or directions, including but not limited to orders or directions relating to the construction or carrying out of this Final Judgment, the enforcement of compliance therewith, the modification thereof, and the punishment of any violation thereof.
Jurisdiction is retained by this Court over this action and the parties thereto for the purpose of
enabling either of the parties thereto to apply to this Court at any time for further orders and
directions as may be necessary or appropriate to carry out or construe this Final Judgment, to
modify or terminate any of its provisions, to enforce compliance, and to punish violations of
VIII. Third Party Rights
Nothing in this Final Judgment is intended to confer upon any other persons any rights or
remedies of any nature whatsoever hereunder or by reason of this Final Judgment.
United States District Judge