FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
UNITED STATES' OPPOSITION TO ACTel's MOTION
The United States opposes ACTel's Motion for Leave to Supplement Record, as its proposed supplemental pleading adds nothing of substance. While acknowledging that "this Court is without authority to review the BellSouth acquisition,"(1) ACTel here uses the Department of Justice's decision not to challenge the AT&T-BellSouth merger to raise yet again a laundry list of arguments that have been shown to be baseless in the extensive briefing to date.(2)
The Department of Justice evaluates each merger on its own merits. After conducting a thorough investigation of the AT&T-BellSouth merger, the Department announced, in a time frame consistent with its statutory obligations, that it had not found a basis upon which to challenge that merger.(3) The Department of Justice's exercise of its prosecutorial discretion in not challenging that merger has no relevance to the question actually before the Court whether entry of the proposed Final Judgments serves the public interest.
ACTel's proposed supplemental pleading adds nothing that would assist the Court in making its public interest determination. Rather, ACTel continues to argue that the government has adopted "new merger review criteria" that "will dramatically change antitrust enforcement" and asks the Court to send a message that this "new" approach does not meet the public interest standard.(4) As demonstrated in earlier pleadings, there are no such "new criteria" for merger review.(5) But the issue before the Court is not whether the Department has appropriately exercised its prosecutorial discretion in these cases, or any other case, but whether it would be in the public interest to enter the judgments that will require AT&T and Verizon to divest the assets in question so that they can be used by other companies to offer competition where it would otherwise be lost.
For the foregoing reasons, ACTel's Motion for Leave to Supplement Record should be denied.
Dated: October 16, 2006
1. ACTel's Motion for Leave to Supplement Record and Memorandum of Points and Authorities in Support at 5 (Oct. 12, 2006) ("ACTel Motion").
2. ACTel Motion at 3-5. The United States has repeatedly explained how its approach to investigating the SBC-AT&T and Verizon-MCI mergers followed standard and well-established antitrust analysis. See, e.g., United States' Opposition to ACTel's Motion for Leave to File Surreply at 3-5 (Sept. 28, 2006); see also id. at 2 & n.5 (explaining that HHIs are only a starting point for merger analysis); United States' Reply Submission in Response to the Court's Minute Order of July 25, 2006 at 12-16 (Sept. 19, 2006) (explaining the Department's entry analysis); United States' Supplemental Response to ACTel's Reply at 4-6 (June 22, 2006) (commenting on the insufficiency of ACTel's alleged evidence of price increases).
3. ACTel suggests that the Department should have "held
in abeyance" its review of the AT&T-BellSouth merger until these
proceedings are completed. ACTel Motion at 3. Under the Hart-Scott-Rodino
Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 ("HSR Act"), the parties to a merger
are required to refrain from consummating the transaction while the
Department investigates, but only for a period that ends 30 days after
the parties certify compliance with the Department's requests for additional
information and documentary material. 15 U.S.C. § 18a(e)(2). This
30-day period expired months ago. The Federal Communications Commission
("FCC") retained the ability to block the transaction pending its own
decision, but that decision, if issued according to the FCC's internally
set deadline, would have issued in mid-October. See Commission
Seeks Comment on Application for Consent to Transfer of Control Filed
by AT&T Inc. and BellSouth Corporation, Public Notice, WC Docket
No. 06-74, DA 06-904, at 1 (Apr. 19, 2006). Because the Antitrust Division
believed it had no basis to challenge the merger in court, it was only
proper for it to inform the parties that it did not intend to file such
a challenge. Under recent Division policy, see Antitrust Division,
United States Department of Justice, Issuance of Public Statements Upon
Closing of Investigations, available at http://www.usdoj.gov/atr/public/guidelines/
201888.pdf, a public announcement to that effect was appropriate.
4. ACTel Motion at 5.
5. As recently pointed out by amicus COMPTEL, the
Department continues to investigate mergers under the approach outlined
in the Horizontal Merger Guidelines and to bring enforcement
actions where warranted. See Motion to Supplement COMPTEL's
Response to the DOJ's Supplemental Submission (Sept. 14, 2006) (bringing
to the Court's attention the Department's enforcement action against
ALLTEL and Midwest Wireless).
4. ACTel Motion at 5.
5. As recently pointed out by amicus COMPTEL, the Department continues to investigate mergers under the approach outlined in the Horizontal Merger Guidelines and to bring enforcement actions where warranted. See Motion to Supplement COMPTEL's Response to the DOJ's Supplemental Submission (Sept. 14, 2006) (bringing to the Court's attention the Department's enforcement action against ALLTEL and Midwest Wireless).