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EXHIBIT A



IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA



UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,                     

                  Plaintiff,

                  v.

MICROSOFT CORPORATION,

                  Defendant.


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Civil Action No. 98-1232 (TPJ)
STATE OF NEW YORK ex rel.
Attorney General DENNIS C. VACCO, et al.,    

                  Plaintiffs,

                  v.

MICROSOFT CORPORATION,

                  Defendant.


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Stamp: FILED

DEC 0 3 1998

NANCY MAYER-(unreadable), CLERK
U.S. DISTRICT COURT



Civil Action No. 98-1233 (TPJ)

MICROSOFT CORPORATION,    

                  Counterclaim-Plaintiff,

                  v.

DENNIS C. VACCO,
Attorney General of the State of New York,        
In his official capacity, et al,

                  Counterclaim-Defendants.


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DEFENDANT MICROSOFT CORPORATION'S MEMORANDUM
IN OPPOSITION TO PLAINTIFFS' JOINT MOTION TO
PERMIT "SUPPLEMENTAL" CROSS-EXAMINATION

Local Rule 105 provides the simple and straightforward response to plaintiffs' motion to have two lawyers from their side examine each of Microsoft's witnesses. That rule states that "[e]xcept by permission of the Court only one attorney on each side shall examine a witness, address the Court on a question arising in a trial, or address the Court or jury in final argument" (emphasis added). Plaintiffs do not dispute that Local Rule 105 is controlling. In fact, they cite the rule in their memorandum as authority for the proposition that "a federal district court enjoys great discretion to manage the trial." (See Pls.' Mem. at 6 & n.2).

Consistent with Local Rulel05, the Court ruled at the final pretrial conference on October 9, 1998 that only one lawyer on each side should examine a witness: "I agree. I think that it should be one lawyer per witness." (10/9/98 Tr. at 13.) Rather than identify a compelling reason to depart from the traditional "one-lawyer-one-witness" rule, plaintiffs devote the lion's share of their memorandum to advancing the unremarkable propositions that consolidation does not merge two cases into a single action and that cross-examination is a fundamental aspect of our judicial process. (See Pls.' Mem. at 3-8.) Both propositions are entirely beside the point. They are not grounds for the Court to revisit its ruling at the pretrial conference, nor do they justify a departure from the clear import of Local Rule 105.

Although plaintiffs pay lip service to the notion that their interests are not identical (see Pls.' Mem. at 8-9), they fail to identify a single respect in which their interests diverge in any meaningful manner. Plaintiffs do not claim that there is a potential conflict of interest between the Department of Justice and the States. Nor do they assert that counsel for plaintiffs have been unable to work together harmoniously. To the contrary, plaintiffs acknowledge that counsel "in both actions have cooperated and worked closely together." (Pls.' Mem. at 8.)

Plaintiffs also do not seriously contend that the claims asserted by the Department of Justice and the States differ in any substantive respect. Plaintiffs simply point out that "the pendent state law claims asserted by Plaintiff States may permit additional relief and that, "if they prevail, Plaintiff States, unlike the United States, are entitled to attorney's fees." (Pls.' Mem. at 9.) Plaintiffs fail to explain, however, why those two supposed differences necessitate "supplemental" cross-examination or require that "all Plaintiffs" be permitted "to adduce evidence they believe important to the development of their respective cases." (Pls.' Mem. at 9.) There may be "differences between the parties" (Pls.' Mem. at 9), but none that requires separate cross-examination in contravention of Local Rule 105.

Plaintiffs also note that Microsoft has asserted counterclaims against the States. (Pls.'s Mem. at 8.) Plaintiffs do not contend, however, that those counterclaims raise any issues different from those raised by plaintiffs' complaints. Indeed, the States took the exact opposite position in their answer to Microsoft's counterclaims, asserting the following defense: "The Counterclaim is not appropriately before this Court because any issue raised therein is implicated by the Sixth and Seventh Affirmative Defenses which Microsoft has already asserted in this action." (Counterclaim-Defendant States' Answer to Microsoft Corporation's Counterclaim at 6.) While Microsoft obviously disagrees with that legal assertion, the States are estopped from taking a contrary position now.

Finally, the history of this litigation belies plaintiffs' assertion that their interests differ in any meaningful respect. The States amended their original complaint on July 17, 1998 to eliminate their purported claim regarding Microsoft Office, which the Department of Justice had not alleged. The Court then granted Microsoft summary judgment on the States' monopoly leveraging claim, thus eliminating the only other claim alleged by the States but not by the Department of Justice. In addition, lawyers from the Department of Justice have taken the lead in nearly every deposition taken in this action. In fact, representatives of the States did not ask a single question in 46 depositions, and they did not even attend an additional 25 depositions. For plaintiffs now to claim that "supplemental" cross-examination is necessary to "protect all parties' rights" and "develop a fair and accurate trial record" is disingenuous to say the least. (Pls.' Mem. at 10.)

For the foregoing reasons, the Court should deny plaintiffs' joint motion to permit "supplemental" cross-examination.

Dated: Washington, D.C.
December 3, 1998


    Respectfully submitted,


  _______________/s/________________
John L. Warden (Bar No. 222083)
Richard J. Urowsky
Steven L. Holley
Theodore Edelman
Michael Lacovara
Richard C. Pepperman, II
Stephanie G. Wheeler
Sean R. O'Brien
SULLIVAN & CROMWELL
125 Broad Street
New York, New York 10004
(212) 558-4000

James R. Weiss
PRESTON GATES ELLIS &
   ROUVELAS MEEDS
1735 New York Avenue, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20006
(202) 628-1700

William H. Neukom
Thomas W. Burt
David A. Heiner, Jr.
Steven J. Aeschbacher
Diane D'Arcangelo
MICROSOFT CORPORATION
One Microsoft Way
Redmond, Washington 98052
(425) 936-8080

Counsel for Defendant
   Counterclaim-Plaintiff
      Microsoft Corporation


CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE

I hereby certify that on this 3rd day of December, 1998, I caused a true and correct copy of the foregoing Defendant Microsoft Corporation's Memorandum in Opposition to Plaintiffs' Joint Motion to Permit Limited Supplemental Cross-Examination to be served by facsimile and hand upon:

Phillip R. Malone, Esq.
Antitrust Division
U.S. Department of Justice
325 Seventh Street, N.W. Room 615
Washington, D.C. 20530
Fax: (202) 307-1454

Stephen D. Houck, Esq.
Chief, Antitrust Bureau
New York State AG Office
c/o D.C. Corporate Counsel
441 Fourth Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20001
Fax: (202) 727-3737

And by facsimile and overnight carrier upon:

Christine Rosso, Esq.
Chief, Antitrust Bureau
Illinois Attorney General's Office
100 West Randolph Street, 13th Floor
Chicago, Illinois 60601
Fax: (312) 814-5079

  _______________/s/________________
Christopher J. Meyers


CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE

I hereby certify that on this 16th day of June, 2000, I served a copy of the foregoing Plaintiffs' Joint Reply On Their Motions For Summary Dismissal Of Microsoft's Motion For Leave To File A Motion For Stay Pending Appeal On The Ground That It Is Premature, Or To Defer Consideration Pending A Determination As To Jurisdiction, by Federal Express next-day delivery upon the following:

John Warden, Esquire (additionally served by facsimile)
Sullivan & Cromwell
125 Broad Street
New York, New York 10004

William Neukom, Esquire
Microsoft Corporation
One Microsoft Way
Redmond, WA 98052



  _______________/s/________________
ADAM D. HIRSH