The U.S. Department of Justice seal, The United States Department of Justice
Search Antitrust
 

Abstract

Shipping the Good Apples Out Under Asymmetric Information

Anthony Creane and Thomas D. Jeitschko, EAG 12-4, April 2012
PDF   Accessible Text

Abstract:
The importance of institutions for economic growth has gathered considerable interest. For example, weak institutions can prevent firms from communicating their quality, which can lead to lower welfare. We explore how and whether exporting to markets with strong institutions may alleviate this when firms have high and low quality goods. Surprisingly, we find that access to developed markets can exacerbate the problems caused by weak institutions and harm home welfare. First, exporting can harm home welfare: the country is better off if all exporting were prevented. Second, any harm is increasing in the amount exported. Third, if not all high quality is exported, then home welfare can always be increased by restricting exports. Fourth, the opening of trade can reduce producer surplus and so in the long run lead to a reduction in the production of the export good. Fifth, welfare can decrease even if production of the exported good increases.

Keywords: adverse selection, moral hazard, asymmetric information, quality, trade, development, brain drain

JEL classifcations: D82, F12, L15

Get Antitrust Division Updates

Sign up for E-Mail Updates

Subscribe to News Feeds

To view PDF files on this website you need the free Adobe Reader.