The OIJA serves as the Central Authority under the Hague Convention on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extrajudicial Documents in Civil or Commercial Matters, T.I.A.S. No. 6638, 20 U.S.T. 2/ 361 (Hague Service Convention), and the Inter-American Convention on Letters Rogatory, S. Treaty Doc. No. 27, 98th Cong., 2d Sess. (1984), and the Additional Protocol to the Inter-American Convention on Letters Rogatory, S. Treaty Doc. No.98–27, 58 Fed. Reg. 31,132 (1988) (Inter-American Convention). The OIJA has elected to utilize a private contractor to execute service requests within the United States under either convention. Accordingly, requests for service of process within the United States should be sent directly to Process Forwarding International (PFI), also known as ABC Legal. Service requests under the Hague Service Convention should be accompanied by payment of $95 USD. All service related inquiries should be directed to PFI.
United States litigants seeking to serve process in a foreign country bear the sole responsibility for making the necessary arrangements and, consequently, should consult with the Central Authority of the foreign country in which service is to be made. A brief discussion of certain options is found as OIJA Service Guidance
. Additional useful information may be found on the Department of State website and the Hague Service Convention website. Litigants should bear in mind that many civil law countries regard service a judicial function, and the failure to adhere to the laws of a foreign country may render a United States judgment unenforceable in that country.
Hague Service, Reservations
Hague Service, Central Authorities
Hague Service Convention text
Inter-American Convention Text
Inter-American Convention Declarations
OIJA Service Guidance
DOS Service Flyer