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IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEW MEXICO
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
SANDOVAL COUNTY, NEW MEXICO;
SANDOVAL COUNTY BOARD OF
NO. CIV 88-1457-BB-DJS
COMMISSIONERS; WILLIAM SAPIEN,
DON LEONARD, DAVID BENCY, JACK E.
THOMAS, and JOSHUA MADALENA,
Members of the Sandoval County
Board of Commissioners; and
SALLY PADILLA, Sandoval County
AMENDED JOINT STIPULATION
The United States, Sandoval County ("County"), and remaining defendants, agree
through their undersigned counsel to the following Joint Stipulation.
Sandoval County has been covered under Section 203 of the Voting Rights Act, 42
U.S.C. § 1973aa-1a, for American Indians since 1975. 40 Fed. Reg. 43044 (Sept. 18, 1975); 49
Fed. Reg. 25887 (June 25, 1984); 57 Fed. Reg. 43213 (Sept. 18, 1992); 67 Fed. Reg. 48871 (July
26, 2002). At present, the County is covered under Section 203 for Navajo and Pueblo (Keres
and Towa) languages. 67 Fed. Reg. 48871 (July 26, 2002). Based on information provided by
the Census Bureau, the Indian reservations that triggered coverage are the Pueblos of Zia, Santo
Domingo, San Felipe and Jemez, and the Navajo Nation Reservation.
Section 203 requires that all information that is provided by Sandoval County in English
about voter "registration or voting notices, forms, instructions, assistance, or other materials or
information relating to the electoral process, including ballots," must be provided in Keres,
Towa, and Navajo to the extent that they are needed to allow language minority group members
to be informed of and participate effectively in the electoral process and all voting-related
activities. 42 U.S.C. § 1973aa-1a(c). The provisions of Section 203 apply to all stages of the
electoral process, "including, for example the issuance, at any time during the year, of
notifications, announcements, or other informational materials concerning the opportunity to
register, the deadline for voter registration, the time, places and subject matters of elections, and
the absentee voting process." Attorney General's Procedures for the Implementation of the
Provisions of the Voting Rights Act Regarding Language Minority Groups, 28 C.F.R. § 55.15.
Because Keres, Towa, and Navajo are historically unwritten, defendants are required to furnish
oral instructions, assistance and other information relating to registration and voting in Keres,
Towa, and Navajo. 42 U.S.C. § 1973aa-1a(c); see also 28 C.F.R. § 55.12(c).
In December of 1988, the United States brought this action against the State of New
Mexico and Sandoval County alleging violations of Sections 2 and 203 of the Voting Rights Act
for failure to provide American Indian citizens with adequate language assistance regarding all
aspects of the electoral process. On March 23, 1990, the parties entered into a settlement
agreement which provided for the development and implementation of a comprehensive bilingual
Native American Election Information Program ("NAEIP") for the American Indian citizens of
Sandoval County. A detailed description of the NAEIP was filed with the Court on April 30,
1990. On May 17, 1990, this Court ordered the County to implement the NAEIP.
The settlement required that State and County officials hire voting rights language
coordinators ("VRCs") to disseminate election information in the Navajo and Keres languages.
Through the VRCs, the State and/or County were required to carry out a comprehensive program
to provide election information to Indians regarding every phase of the electoral process.
The County failed, however, to comply substantially with the terms of the NAEIP.
Indeed, based primarily on the reports of federal observers who monitored election day practices
and procedures at the County's predominantly Indian precincts, the United States noted
continuing problems regarding dissemination of information and assistance to voters in the
predominantly Indian precincts, and the utter failure to provide translator training as required by
Counsel for the United States met repeatedly with County officials to resolve compliance
problems without court intervention. The County improved its compliance record in some areas,
but continued its overall record of indifference (and at times outright hostility) to major
substantive portions of the NAEIP.
In June 1993 the United States moved to reactivate the case for continued discovery,
including document production and depositions. The Court granted that motion and the ensuing
discovery, including the deposition of the County Clerk, uncovered compelling evidence of the
County's failure to comply with the consent decree. Based on that evidence, Sandoval County
agreed to negotiate an extension and modification of the decree.
The parties filed a revised consent decree and NAEIP on August 30, 1994. The revised
NAEIP included provisions designed to remedy the compliance problems with the NAEIP.
Among the changes were adding Towa to the languages covered by the decree; extending the
decree's duration by ten years; adding a third, full-time, Towa-speaking VRC; transferring
control of the NAEIP from the County Clerk, who had been hostile to the program since its
inception, to the County Attorney; the insertion of explicit language preventing interference with
the VRCs' ability to travel, obtain access to County facilities, or perform other tasks in
furtherance of the NAEIP; and establishing Voting Rights Act coverage for Sandoval County
under Sections 3(a) (federal observers) and 3(c) (preclearance).(2)
This Court entered the revised decree and NAEIP on September 9, 1994.
Pursuant to the Court's order, the United States assigned federal observers to monitor
Sandoval County elections, and the United States conducted extensive investigations of the
actions of Sandoval County in complying with the revised NAEIP and Section 203 of the Voting
Rights Act from 1994 through June of 2004.
Based on information gathered from 1994 through June of 2004, the United States
determined that Sandoval County, despite making some improvements, failed to implement fully
the NAEIP and to furnish all instructions, assistance and other information relating to voting
orally in Navajo and Keres, in violation of the Order and Section 203.
The United States conferred with Sandoval County, including its County Attorney, to
discuss and resolve noted compliance problems. The parties agreed that efforts to amend and
extend the Order were justified. Thus, the parties moved jointly to extend and amend the Court's
Order of September 9, 1994 until January 15, 2007. The Court granted that joint motion on
November 5, 2004 and entered the amended and simplified consent decree ("Revised Order").
Since the November 5, 2004 extension, the United States has monitored three elections:
the November 2004 general election and the 2006 primary and general elections. The United
States and Sandoval County have worked cooperatively to resolve compliance problems.
Notwithstanding those efforts, compliance problems remain.
Indeed, while Sandoval County has made some progress in making the election process
accessible to the Native American population of the County, reports of federal observers who
monitored elections have demonstrated that Sandoval County has failed to furnish all
instructions, assistance and other information relating to voting orally in Keres, Towa, and
Navajo, in violation of this Court's Revised Order. These failures constitute good cause to
extend the consent decree.
Accordingly, on April 4, 2007, the parties filed a joint motion to extend and modify the
Court's Consent Decree through January 15, 2009. On July 20, 2007, the Court held a hearing
on that motion. On July 24, 2007, the Court entered an order (Doc. No. 185) requiring the
United States to file federal election observer reports for the 2004 and 2006 primary and general
elections, as well as copies of letter agreements between the United States and other counties
regarding programs to comply with Section 203. The Court also ordered the Defendants to file
Voting Rights Coordinator reports from the 2004 and 2006 elections. The Court afforded each
party the right to respond to these filings, and ordered the parties to file a joint report setting forth
any agreements they have reached as well as identifying any issues the Court needed to resolve.
On September 10, 2007, the parties filed a joint report in which they agreed that the
extension and modification of the Consent Decree was necessary and appropriate under the
circumstances and that no outstanding issues remained for the Court to resolve. The parties
further agreed to file this amended Joint Stipulation and a streamlined NAEIP. (Doc. No. 205).
Accordingly, the parties stipulate to the following:
Defendants shall make all phases of the election process as accessible to the
Native American populations at the Torreon, Ojo Encino, and Counselors Chapters of the Navajo
Nation, as well as the Jemez, Zia, Santo Domingo, and San Felipe Pueblos, as they are to the
remainder of the County's population. Accordingly, Sandoval County shall continue to provide
information, publicity, and assistance in Keres, Towa, and Navajo in voter registration, voter
registration cancellation, absentee voting, early voting, procedures at the polls including
translation of the ballot, and training of polling officials and translators as outlined in the
To assist in the effectiveness of this Amended Joint Stipulation and to ensure the
continued enforcement of the voting guarantees of the Voting Rights Act, as amended, 42 U.S.C.
§ 1973(a) and the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments of the Constitution, Sandoval County
should remain designated for federal observers pursuant to Section 3(a) of the Voting Rights Act
Sandoval County recognizes the authority of federal observers to observe all aspects of the voting
process conducted in the polls on election day, including assistance to voters in the voting booth
provided that the voter does not object to being observed.
Defendants acknowledge that permanent procedures need to be instituted to
ensure ongoing compliance with Sections 2 and 203 of the Voting Rights Act, and the Fourteenth
and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution. During 2008, defendant Sandoval County shall
publish an operations manual to guide and govern the provision of election-related information to
the County's Native American citizens. The operations manual shall incorporate appropriate
terms of the revised NAEIP for use in future elections in Sandoval County.
This Amended Joint Stipulation shall remain in effect through January 31, 2009.
The Court shall retain jurisdiction to enter further relief or such other orders as
may be necessary for the effectuation of the terms of this Amended Joint Stipulation and to
ensure compliance with Sections 2 and 203 of the Voting Rights Act, and the Fourteenth and
Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution.
The revised Native American Election Information Program to be implemented by
Sandoval County is attached to this Joint Stipulation.
Agreed and stipulated to on this 28nd day of September 2007.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
SANDOVAL COUNTY, et al.
Acting United States Attorney
Sandoval County Attorney
P.O. Box 40
Assistant United States Attorney
Bernalillo, NM 87004
WAN J. KIM
Assistant Attorney General
JOHN K. TANNER
GAYE L. TENOSO
Attorneys, Voting Section
Civil Rights Division
Department of Justice
950 Pennsylvania Avenue
Washington, D.C. 20530
1. Pursuant to the provisions of the settlement agreement, the case was dismissed as against the state defendants on December 31, 1990. Nevertheless, state officials pledged to continue the
state program and the state has maintained an NAEIP program, staffed with Native American coordinators,
since that time.
The 1992 amendments to Section 203 made Sandoval County covered for Towa as well as Navajo and Keres. This highlighted the need for modifying the consent decree to add provisions requiring publicity and languages assistance in the Towa language, and the addition of a third, Towa-speaking VRC.
NATIVE AMERICAN ELECTION INFORMATION PROGRAM
County Voting Rights Coordinators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Intergovernmental Coordination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Tribal Election Liaisons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Translations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Dissemination of Election-Related Information
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Absentee Voting . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Election Day Procedures
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. . . . . . . . . . . . 15
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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County Voting Rights Coordinators
1. General. Sandoval County, under the supervision of the Sandoval County Attorney
acting on behalf of the Sandoval County Commission, shall continue to employ at least two full-time Voting Rights Coordinators ("VRCs"), and shall hire two permanent part-time VRCs to
coordinate the Native American Election Information Program ("NAEIP") in the County. The
requirements of the NAEIP shall apply to all elections held within Sandoval County which
include any Native American-majority precinct located in whole or in part on the following
reservations which, based on 2000 Census data, triggered the bilingual voting information
requirements of Section 203 of the Voting Rights Act for Navajo and Pueblo Indians in the
County: the Pueblos of Jemez, San Felipe, Santo Domingo and Zia, and the Counselors, Ojo
Encino and Torreon Chapters of the Navajo Nation ("covered reservations"). These elections
include primary, general and special elections, as well as elections for the Cuba, Jemez and
Bernalillo Independent School Districts. The part-time VRCs shall be fluent in Keres and
English. One of the full-time VRCs shall be fluent in Navajo and English, and the other full-time
VRC shall be fluent in Towa and English. The Keres-fluent VRCs shall coordinate the election
information programs as appropriate for Bernalillo Independent School District elections, the
Navajo-fluent VRC shall coordinate the election information programs for Cuba Independent
School District elections in the relevant precincts, and the Towa-fluent VRC shall coordinate the
election information programs for Jemez Independent School District elections in the relevant
precincts. The VRCs shall be supervised by the Sandoval County Attorney acting on behalf of
the Sandoval County Commission. The duties of the VRCs shall be limited to those necessary to
implement the goals and tasks specified in the NAEIP. Each VRC shall be paid a salary in
accordance with a compensation salary schedule. The provisions of the personnel ordinance of
Sandoval County shall apply to the VRCs. The VRCs may be discharged only for cause, and
only by the County Attorney or the County Commission.
2. Filling VRC vacancies. If a vacancy occurs in a VRC position, the County Attorney
shall immediately notify the United States and shall fill the vacancy within 90 days, after
consultation with Native American leaders as outlined below. During the period of vacancy the
duties of the vacant position will be performed by the other VRCs. A vacancy does not relieve
the County of its obligations under the NAEIP.
3. Consultation with Native American officials. To fill VRC vacancies, the County
Attorney shall request from appropriate officials from Five Sandoval Indian Pueblos, Inc. ("Five
Sandoval") or the Navajo Election Administration ("NEA") and the Pueblo or Navajo tribal
officials of the relevant reservations in Sandoval County the names of at least two persons
recommended for the respective position. The County Attorney shall seriously consider those
persons, but may hire other qualified applicants. For the Keres-fluent VRC positions,
recommendations shall be sought from Five Sandoval and the Governors of the Pueblos of San
Felipe, Santo Domingo and Zia. For the Navajo-fluent VRC position, recommendations shall be
sought from the NEA and the Presidents of the Counselors, Torreon and Ojo Encino Chapters of
the Navajo Nation. For the Towa-fluent VRC, recommendations shall be sought from the Tribal
Council of the Jemez Pueblo.
4. Training of VRCs. The VRCs shall be trained by the State and County in all aspects
of the election process, and shall attend all election seminars conducted by the Secretary of State
and/or Sandoval County Clerk. VRCs shall be fully briefed by the County Attorney concerning
their duties and responsibilities under the NAEIP. Representatives of Five Sandoval and Pueblo
tribal officials of Sandoval County and the NEA and Navajo tribal officials of Sandoval County,
as appropriate, shall be invited to attend these seminars and briefings.
5. Field visits.
The VRCs shall, under the supervision of the County Attorney, oversee the County's NAEIP generally and visit on a regular basis each covered reservation. In the course
of these visits, the VRCs shall, as necessary and among other things, disseminate election-related
information (such as election dates, qualifying dates, ballot contents for upcoming elections),
distribute and explain sample ballots, register voters, distribute and collect applications for
voting absentee, distribute and collect absentee ballots, explain the absentee voting process,
explain registration procedures and deadlines, conduct bilingual training in English and the
relevant Indian language for each bilingual poll worker who will participate in the NAEIP prior
to the election (using translation tapes that will be provided to each trainee), distribute translation
tapes on ballot contents (including a list of candidates on the ballot), and explain the process for
removing voters from the list of eligible voters. Further, the VRCs shall announce and hold
regular office hours at the Satellite Election Offices (see paragraph A.12. below).
6. Record of field visits. The VRCs, or other County officials designated by the County
Attorney, shall maintain a record of the date and purpose of each visit for election-related
purposes to each Pueblo community center, Navajo Chapter House, or other sites on the Pueblo
and/or Navajo Indian Reservations.
7. Training of election personnel. The VRCs shall conduct the training of all poll
officials, tribal election liaisons, and other election-related personnel who will participate in the
NAEIP. For each election covered by the NAEIP, the VRCs shall conduct at least one formal
training session for all Keres-speaking election personnel, one formal training session for all
Navajo-speaking personnel and one formal training session for all Towa-speaking personnel.
Each Pueblo Governor and Navajo Chapter President whose Chapter or Pueblo is in whole or in
part within Sandoval County shall be notified in writing, at least two weeks before the scheduled
training, of each training session and be invited to send a representative. Training sessions shall
be open to the public and shall be held at locations convenient to trainees.
8. Delivery of election information to other governmental entities. The VRCs shall
coordinate the delivery of Native American election information to school districts in Sandoval
County. The VRCs shall, upon request, coordinate delivery of election information to other
governmental entities that conduct elections within the County.
9. NAEIP and travel budgets. Sandoval County shall establish a separate travel budget
for the VRCs which shall be sufficient to cover their travel expenses incurred in carrying out
their duties, obligations and responsibilities to effectively implement the NAEIP. VRCs shall be
reimbursed for expenses incurred for travel incident to bona fide NAEIP business, including
visits to Pueblos or Navajo Chapters and to sites for training programs. The County also shall
establish a separate, itemized NAEIP budget, and shall generate quarterly reports itemizing
expenditures made to implement the NAEIP.
10. Access to Clerk's Office facilities. The VRCs shall have full access to the records and facilities of the Office of the County Clerk, including access to computers. They shall have
the authority to inspect, modify, update, and generate reports from all County Clerk election
records, whether in computer or other form, in order to fulfill the goals of the NAEIP. The
County Clerk shall provide the VRCs or the County Attorney with updated lists of registered
voters by precinct ("alpha lists") upon their request.
11. Satellite Election Offices. Sandoval County shall establish three permanent Satellite Election Offices. One office shall be established at a location within the Torreon Navajo
Chapter. Another office shall be established at a location within the San Felipe, Santo Domingo
or Zia Pueblo, if practicable; otherwise, the County may establish an election office for the sole
use of the Keres-speaking VRC at a location within the Sandoval County Courthouse. The third
office shall be established at a location within the Jemez Pueblo. The County shall be
responsible for equipping, but not renting, such offices.
12. Function of Satellite Election Offices. Each Satellite Election Office shall serve as: the principal place for office hours for the VRCs; a library of written and recorded election
information; and a distribution point for the dissemination of election information. The Satellite
Election Office shall also serve as a site for the performance of all functions related to the
election process that can be performed at the County Courthouse, including but not limited to:
registering to vote or updating voter registration information; filing by residents of Chapters or
Pueblos as a candidate for office; and applying for and casting an absentee ballot. The VRCs
shall announce and maintain regular office hours at the Satellite Office.
13. Satellite Office equivalent to County Courthouse. Delivery of a voter registration
application or performance of any other election-related task at a Satellite Election Office shall
be effective in terms of all time deadlines and requirements as if the application had been
delivered, or the task performed, at the County Courthouse.
14. Supplies and equipment. A supply of all forms and materials necessary to complete all functions related to the election process shall be maintained at each Satellite Election Office. Copies of all materials, information and audio or video tapes required to be disseminated pursuant to the NAEIP, including all election-related materials prepared by the State, likewise shall be available in each office, together with appropriate office supplies, typing equipment, and audio or visual equipment.
B. Intergovernmental Coordination
1. Cooperation with the State.
Sandoval County and the VRCs shall request and accept
all training, materials and services available from the State of New Mexico in furtherance of the
implementation of the NAEIP, and shall encourage the production of such training, materials and
services by the State.
2. Cooperation with other counties.
The County is encouraged to work with other counties in New Mexico and neighboring states which have programs for Native American language minorities to coordinate election activities, including the development of standard terminology for the translation of election materials into Navajo and Keres.
3. Consultation with Native American officials.
Sandoval County shall invite representatives of Five Sandoval, the NEA and officials of the Pueblos and Chapters within the County to assist in all phases of the NAEIP, including translations (see paragraph D.5.).
4. Cooperation with federal election observers.
To assist in the effectiveness of this agreement and to enforce the voting guarantees of
the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments, the appointment of federal examiners for elections
in Sandoval County is authorized pursuant to Section 3(a) of the Voting Rights Act,
42 U.S.C. 1973(a), for at least the period of this agreement. Sandoval County recognizes
the authority of federal observers to enter and attend at any place for holding an
election in the County for the purpose of observing election procedures, including
entering the voting booth for the purpose of observing language assistance.
C. Tribal Election Liaisons
1. Appointment of liaisons.
The Sandoval County Attorney shall request each Pueblo Governor for Zia, Santo Domingo,
San Felipe, Cochiti, Santa Ana and Jemez Pueblos, and each Navajo Chapter President
for the Counselors, Torreon, and Ojo Encino Chapters to identify and/or appoint at
least one individual in each Navajo Chapter and Pueblo to serve as tribal
election liaison(s) between the County and each Pueblo and Navajo Chapter.
2. Training of liaisons.
Tribal election liaisons shall be fully trained by the VRCs in both English and in
Keres, Towa or Navajo, as appropriate, in all aspects of the elections process,
including absentee voting, the voter registration and purge processes, election-related deadlines,
election day activities, proposed constitutional amendments and other referenda.
3. Contracting for translation assistance.
Where necessary and as appropriate, the County may contract with the tribal election liaisons
and/or other qualified persons to assist in the effective implementation of this bilingual election program, including for the translation of materials described in Section D below into the
applicable Indian language.
4. Telephone inquiries.
Telephone inquiries from VRCs, tribal election liaisons, as well as from tribal
officials involved in election activities, to the County Clerk's office or a Satellite
Election Office respecting election-related matters should be encouraged and shall be considered
official government business and telephone charges may either be reversed or a toll-free number
provided. The County shall provide written notice to all liaisons and tribal leaders of the toll-free
number or the ability to reverse charges.
1. Time and subject matter of translations.
The following election-related materials and announcements shall be translated into Navajo
and Towa and into each of the three dialects of Keres spoken in the covered reservations
in Sandoval County, made available on audio and/or video tapes, and provided to the VRCs
at the Satellite Election Offices by the dates specified:
- Detailed election calendar for each year (by January 1 of each year);
- State, County and school district election proclamations (by the statutory date
- Constitutional amendments and other referenda issues on the ballot (within 30
days of the date the English text is determined, and no later than the date of
- A brief description of each constitutional amendment or other referendum
issue on the ballot (by the date of each election proclamation);
- Voter registration deadlines (by January 1 of each year, with separate tapes
containing deadlines for each type of election);
- Instructions relating to voting by absentee ballot (60 days prior to the respective
qualification deadlines for primary elections for state and federal offices, primary
elections for other offices, independent candidates, and write-in candidates);
- An explanation of the voter purge process as provided by this agreement (as
soon as practicable);
- The offices for each election and the political party for each candidate (by the
date on which the ballot is printed); and
- Explanations of voting procedures including the operation of voting equipment
and how to cast a write-in ballot (60 days prior to the respective qualification
deadlines for primary elections for state and federal offices, primary elections for
other offices, independent candidates, and write-in candidates);
- An explanation of the circumstances under which a voter may cast a provisional
ballot, the circumstances under which the ballot will be counted and information
regarding the free access system through which the voter may learn whether the
provisional ballot was counted, and if not, the reason that the ballot was not
counted (60 days prior to the respective qualification deadlines for the relevant
2. Discussion/use of tapes at tribal meetings.
The County, through the VRCs and liaisons, shall seek to ensure that the subject matter
and availability of each tape is discussed in at least one tribal meeting of each covered
Keres-speaking or Towa-speaking Pueblo reservation or Navajo Chapter House during the
appropriate publicity period, and that either the VRC, tribal election liaison or other
trained bilingual person is present to answer any questions concerning the subject matter of the tape.
3. Copies and transcripts provided to Navajo Chapters and Pueblos.
A copy of each Indian language audio and/or video tape described in this agreement shall be provided to the
community center for each covered Pueblo reservation and each Navajo Chapter House in
Sandoval County in the appropriate language. Separate recordings shall be provided for each
election-related subject matter so as to minimize the extent to which any tape recording exceeds
10 minutes in length. A library of currently applicable tapes, together with English transcripts
shall be maintained at the applicable Pueblo community centers and Navajo Chapter Houses.
Where translation tapes do not reflect a word-for-word translation of the original English text,
the "English transcript" referred to above shall consist of the "back-translation" from the Indian
language into English of the Indian language phrases used, and not the original English text.
4. Selection and use of qualified translators.
Translation shall be made by qualified translators contracted with by the County for that purpose. The translators shall be selected after consultation with the tribal officials at each Chapter and covered Pueblo reservation in Sandoval County, the NEA, and Five Sandoval. The County Attorney shall make use of any expertise available from the State and shall assist in translation of technical or complicated election-related materials.
5. Review by Pueblo and Navajo officials.
To facilitate uniformity and accuracy in the translation of election materials, prior to dissemination of any translation, the County shall make available all such translations to representatives of Five Sandoval and Pueblo tribal officials or the NEA and Navajo tribal officials within Sandoval County, as appropriate, and provide them with a reasonable opportunity to review and comment concerning any matter translated. The
County shall maintain a written record of any comments received and the County's response to
6. Prompt translation. The process of translation and review of any election-related material shall begin as soon as the English text
is known so that tapes are available on or before the date that English language announcements
or materials are available.
E. Dissemination of Election-Related Information
1. Coordination with Native American officials.
The County shall coordinate publicity efforts with Pueblo and Navajo Indian tribal officials,
and with the NEA and Five Sandoval. All election-related announcements, materials and information, including, but not limited to, the election calendar, state and County election proclamations, the voter information pamphlet and sample ballots, shall be made available to each covered reservation, the NEA and Five Sandoval.
2. Availability to high schools. Election-related announcements, materials, tapes and other election information shall be made available upon request to the public high schools in the County to familiarize students with all phases of the election process.
3. Radio and/or Television.
Sandoval County will air thirty-six (36) total advertisements on KANW radio during the "Native American Hour" between 7 pm and 10 pm on Monday evenings. Sandoval County will air or cause to be aired at its own expense twenty radio announcements announcing all pertinent
information regarding voter registration requirements for 10 weeks prior to the close of voter
registration. Sandoval County will air or cause to be aired an additional sixteen (16)
announcements on the same station and at the same times for 5 weeks prior to each primary,
general or special election. Each radio announcement will be aired in Navajo, Keres and Towa.
In addition to announcements regarding registration, these radio announcements shall include
information concerning the dates of all elections covered by the NAEIP, a list of the offices to be
elected, a brief description of the topic of each ballot proposition, and the availability of trained
translators at the polls and the right of each voter who requires assistance in casting a ballot to be
assisted by a person of her or his choice in accordance with federal law. Announcements shall be
made five times each week during at least the three weeks prior to the deadline for registration
for the corresponding election.
4. Print Media. The election-related information detailed in paragraph E.3 shall be published in English on a weekly basis in the
Navajo Times and newsletters, if any, of each covered reservation in Sandoval County for the publicity periods noted in that paragraph.
5. Targeting of media area. For elections which involve geographic areas less than the entire County, announcements required to be made pursuant to Paragraphs E.3 and E.4, above, shall be made in the media covering such area.
6. Demonstration of use of voting equipment.
The County Clerk shall make available to the VRCs facsimiles of voting equipment or devices for their use in training tribal election liaisons and poll officials and in conducting voter education programs at Pueblo community centers and Navajo Chapter Houses.
7. Other Pueblos. The VRCs shall disseminate the election information outlined in paragraph D.1 above to the other Keres-speaking Pueblos (Cochiti and Santa Ana) and to Sandia Pueblo. Although the County is not subject to the minority language requirements of Section 203 of the Voting Rights Act with respect to the residents of these Pueblos, the VRCs shall foster and facilitate efforts by tribal election liaisons, tribal officials or other qualified persons to
translate and disseminate the election information in the Keres or Tiwa language, as appropriate.
8. Monitoring. The County shall evaluate its publicity programs on an ongoing basis through consultation with the tribal election liaisons, Five Sandoval and Pueblo tribal officials, the NEA and Navajo tribal officials of Sandoval County, and the United States.
F. Absentee Voting
1. Delivering, filling out, and collecting applications on the reservations. The County shall supply applications for absentee ballots to all VRCs and tribal election liaisons. The VRCs and tribal election liaisons shall deliver applications to the Chapters and Pueblos, assist voters in filling them out, and collect applications for return to the County Clerk's Office. The VRCs and tribal election liaisons shall return completed absentee ballot applications to the County Courthouse as soon as practicable, but no later than five (5) business days following the day on
which the VRCs and/or tribal election liaisons accepted completed absentee ballot applications.
Each Satellite Election Office shall have the necessary materials and personnel available during
regular office hours so that an absentee or early ballot can be cast in person there and be counted
as if the ballot had been cast at the County Courthouse.
2. Absentee voting at tribal meetings. The County shall provide an opportunity for Indian citizens, qualified to vote pursuant to state law, to cast absentee ballots within their precincts by ensuring that the VRCs attend the last tribal meeting prior to each primary, general, special or school board election, for each covered reservation, so that eligible persons may obtain and, if they desire, cast absentee ballots in person at that time. VRCs, tribal election liaisons, or County officials shall announce and explain personally, or through trained translators at the tribal meetings, the availability of and instructions for voting absentee. It shall be sufficient for voters on the reservations to have their absentee ballot application witnessed only by another registered
3. Announcements. Announcements shall be made regarding the availability of absentee balloting, including the standards of eligibility for absentee ballots and for voting absentee, during any tribal meeting prior to the deadline for voting by absentee ballot under state law, and where such meetings fall in the absentee voting period. The availability of absentee balloting also shall be made known by posting such information prominently at the community center for each of the covered Pueblos, at each Navajo Chapter House and at trading posts or post offices
on the covered reservations; by radio and/or television announcements pursuant to Paragraph E.3
above; and by print media pursuant to Paragraph E.4 above.
4. Authorization to deliver and collect ballots. VRCs shall be authorized to deliver absentee ballots to voters whose absentee ballot applications have been accepted by the County clerk, to witness absentee ballots, and to accept completed absentee ballots from eligible voters for delivery to the County clerk. The VRCs shall deliver completed absentee ballots to the County Clerk as soon as practicable, but no later than five business days following the day on which the VRC accepted the completed absentee ballot, except that all absentee ballots accepted
by the VRC during the five days preceding the deadline for receipt of absentee ballots shall be
delivered to the County Clerk by the deadline for receipt.
G. Election Day Procedures
1. Hiring, training and ensuring attendance of poll officials; consultation. The County Clerk shall assign at least the statutory number of poll officials bilingual in English and the applicable Indian language and fully train them, and engage in reasonable efforts to secure their presence at the polls on election day for each Native-American majority precinct which serves residents of the covered reservations in Sandoval County. The County Clerk shall consult with the tribal election liaisons, the NEA and Navajo tribal officials of Sandoval County, Five
Sandoval, and other appropriate tribal officials to identify bilingual individuals qualified to work
at the polls. Alternate translators shall be designated as required by state law. The County Clerk
shall provide to the County Attorney no later than 21 days preceding each primary, general or
special election a list of names, addresses, and telephone numbers of the bilingual poll officials
assigned to each Native-American majority election precinct which serves residents of the
2. Training of poll officials; use of tapes. Poll officials and translators shall be fully trained, at locations in the County convenient to the trainees, in English and the relevant Indian language concerning election day procedures at the polling places, the contents and issues appearing on the ballot, and voter purge procedures. Poll officials and translators also shall be trained in the relevant Indian language to translate election day procedures, ballot contents, and voter registration and purge procedures. Training in translation of the ballot in the Keres, Towa and Navajo Indian languages shall include the use of audio and/or video tapes, and one copy of each tape shall be maintained in accordance with the terms of this agreement. A copy of each tape along with a sample ballot shall be provided to each trainee at the training. The County may
require that trainees return such tapes and materials to County officials on election day so that
they may be reused. Training sessions shall be followed by oral testing in Navajo, Keres or
Towa, as appropriate to ensure their effectiveness. Bilingual poll officials and translators shall
receive additional compensation for participating in bilingual training. Such training shall be
completed no later than the third day before the relevant election.
3. Number of translators per precinct. For each additional voting machine at each polling place in excess of one, the County Clerk shall appoint an additional trained translator.
4. Instructions regarding assistance to voters. At each training session, poll officials shall
be instructed to specifically advise each voter who requires assistance in casting a ballot that the
voter may choose any person to provide that assistance, with the exceptions provided in Section
208 of the Voting Rights Act, 42 U.S.C. 1973aa-6. Poll officials also shall be instructed to
cooperate with federal observers as outlined in paragraph B.5.
5. Instructions regarding persons not allowed to vote. At each training session, poll officials shall be instructed to maintain a record of all persons who come to the polls but are not allowed to vote. This record shall include each voter's name, address, the reason the person thought she or he was eligible to vote at that site, the reason for not permitting the person to vote, and whether the person was registered at the polling site for future elections. Poll officials shall provide such persons who are eligible with an opportunity to register for future elections before leaving the polling site.
6. Distribution of lists of persons not allowed to vote. A list of the persons not permitted to vote who did not register at each polling site in Native American-majority election precincts serving residents of the covered reservations shall be provided by the County Clerk to the appropriate VRCs, who will provide a copy of the appropriate list to the relevant tribal election liaisons, and the County shall provide an opportunity to such persons on the list to register to vote at the earliest possible time.
7. Monitoring of election day procedures by VRCs. In addition to ensuring that the instructions described above in this section are followed, VRCs shall identify and record any instances of unreasonable delays in voting or in translation of the ballot. Where such delays occur, the County shall take whatever steps are necessary, such as providing additional translators and voting equipment, to ensure that such delays are cured to the extent practicable and that such delays do not recur in future elections.
H. Purge Process
1. Pre-screening of "possible purge lists". At least 60 days prior to the mailing of any notice of removal from the voter registration lists in accordance with Section 8(d)(2) of the National Voter Registration Act of 1993, the County Clerk shall provide to the VRCs and tribal election liaisons copies of a list of all persons identified for purging from the voting list in each Native American-majority election precinct serving residents of the covered reservations. Through consultation with tribal election liaisons and tribal officials, the VRCs shall screen said lists to identify persons still eligible to vote in Sandoval County. The name of each such person shall be removed from the list of voters to be purged, and it shall be the responsibility of the
VRCs to correct any errors on the voter list as to address, precinct assignment, or other matter,
and to notify the voter of such change. Sandoval County shall be under no obligation to mail to
any such person any notice pursuant to Section 8(d) of the National Voter Registration Act of
2. Distribution and posting of possible purge list. After the revisions described in the above paragraph, the list of persons in the Native American precincts to be sent a notice of removal from the voter registration lists in accordance with Section 8(d)(2) of the National Voter Registration Act shall be provided to tribal officials in each covered reservation in Sandoval County. The VRCs shall post the names of persons identified on these lists at each Navajo Chapter House and community center on the covered Pueblo reservations, with the sole notation
that "the following persons should contact their VRC (name) at (contact information)."
3. Assistance with response to purge notice. The appropriate VRC shall attempt to contact personally each voter identified on the list and explain the purge process. If the voter so desires, the VRC shall assist the voter in filling out the response to the notice, collect the response, and deliver it to the County Clerk's Office.
4. Final screening of possible purge list. One week before the registration deadline for each election covered by the NAEIP, the VRCs shall review the list of those still identified for purging, certify the current residence of all such voters whose current residence is known to them, revalidate the registration of those voters, and make the necessary adjustments to the voter registration records.
1. Statistical records required.
In addition to copies of tapes and other materials or records mentioned in this agreement, the County shall maintain statistical records including but not limited to:
- Voter Registration to be compiled by the County Clerk
- Voter registration, by precinct, on a monthly basis.
- Voter Purge to be compiled by the County Clerk
- Total number of voters purged, by precinct.
- Total number of voters retained on the voter registration rolls based
on certification of eligibility by the VRCs.
- Total number of voters, by precinct, reinstated by returning post cards.
- Total number of voters validated by other means during the purge period by precinct.
- Absentee Voting to be compiled by the County Clerk
- Total number of mail requests for absentee ballots and number of
absentee votes cast per precinct pursuant to mail requests.
- Total number of absentee ballots cast, per precinct, in person at the County Courthouse.
- Total number of absentee ballots cast, per precinct, in person before a VRC on the reservations.
- English text, Indian language, date, time and medium of each broadcast (where records are available) or publication pursuant to this agreement.
- Time, place, subject matter and occasion of each instance in which
each election-related video and audio tape was played.
All records to be kept by precinct must be kept for each and every (Indian and non-Indian) precinct in Sandoval County. The records required in paragraphs (a) through (c) of this t be computed by the County Clerk and copies of these tallies shall be
provided to the VRCs and the County Attorney. Both the raw data used to compute the tallies,
and the tallies themselves, shall be maintained at the County Clerk's office, and all records shall
be available for public inspection upon request. Copies of these records shall be sent to the
Department of Justice upon request.
2. Progress reports. After each election covered by the NAEIP, each VRC, under the supervision of the County Attorney, shall prepare a report detailing her or his election-related
activities in implementing the goals and provisions of the NAEIP. The United States and the
Sandoval County Attorney shall develop a form to be completed by each VRC which will
constitute the report. In addition, each VRC shall prepare a report detailing all actions taken
concerning purge procedures as required by this NAEIP. Sandoval County shall submit a copy of
each report to the United States no later than 30 days following the day on which the County's
purge process is completed. The format of the reports shall be a detailed, paragraph-by-paragraph recitation of the specific efforts made by the County to comply with each relevant
provision of the NAEIP (for example, dates and times of visits to particular Navajo chapters or
Pueblos, and subjects discussed; dates and times of training sessions and whether the election
procedure outlined in a particular paragraph was discussed; the date and text of an election
announcement published in a particular newspaper; the date, time, subject matter and language of
each radio broadcast). If an appropriate provision is not specifically mentioned in the report,
noncompliance with it shall be presumed.
3. Budgetary and statistical appendices to report. The County Attorney shall append to each report quarterly printouts showing itemized expenditures within the NAEIP budget. To each report following an election, the County Attorney shall append a printout showing turnout and election results by precinct. The County Clerk shall provide this printout to the County Attorney. The report also shall include the status of Native American voter participation as shown by relevant statistics for the covered period as set forth in Section I.1 of the NAEIP, together with an assessment of the effectiveness of each phase of the program and a
recommendation of the steps to be taken, if any, to improve Native American voter participation.
A copy of each report shall be provided to the United States, Five Sandoval, and the NEA within
30 days after the relevant election.
This agreement represents the commitment of the parties to provide equal voting rights to all citizens of Sandoval County. Sandoval County intends to fully and faithfully implement this NAEIP, and to maintain such a program indefinitely. At a minimum, the NAEIP shall continue through January 31, 2009. The parties recognize that regular and ongoing reassessment of the above outlined NAEIP by the responsible officials will be necessary in order to ensure that voters
are able, and will continue to be able, to enjoy equal access to all phases of the political process
in Sandoval County.