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IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
CIVIL ACTION No. 06-301-23-MAP
CITY OF SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS;
SPRINGFIELD ELECTION COMMISSION; and
SPRINGFIELD ELECTION COMMISSIONERS,
Three Judge Court Requested
Denise Jordan, Mary Kaufman, Shannon Powers,
As to First Cause of Action
and John Ramirez, in their official capacity,
The United States of America, Plaintiff herein, alleges:
1. The Attorney General files this action seeking injunctive and
declaratory relief pursuant to Sections 3, 11(a), 12(d), 203, 204, and 208 of the
Voting Rights Act of 1965, as amended, 42 U.S.C. §§ 1973a, 1973i(a), 1973j(d),
1973aa-1a, 1973aa-2, 1973aa-6, and 28 U.S.C. § 2201.
2. The Court has jurisdiction of this action pursuant to 28 U.S.C.
§ 1345 and 42 U.S.C. §§ 1973j(d) & (f), 1973aa-2. The claim
pursuant to Section 203 of the Voting Rights Act must be heard and determined by a
court of three judges, in accordance with the provisions of 42 U.S.C. § 1973aa-2
and 28 U.S.C. § 2284.
3. Defendant CITY OF SPRINGFIELD ("City" or "Springfield") is a
geographical and political subdivision of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts ("Commonwealth"
or "Massachusetts") and exists as a charter city organized pursuant to the laws
4. Defendant SPRINGFIELD ELECTION COMMISSION is a four member board
that oversees the conducting of all municipal, state, and federal elections in the City of
Springfield and is responsible for ensuring that elections are properly managed and
conducted in accordance with municipal, state, and federal laws.
5. Defendants SPRINGFIELD ELECTION COMMISSIONERS--Denise Jordan,
Mary Kaufman, Shannon Powers, and John Ramirez--are members of the Springfield Election
Commission and are responsible for ensuring that elections in Springfield are conducted in
accordance with municipal, state, and federal laws. The four members are sued in
their official capacity.
6. According to the 2000 Census, Springfield had a total population
of 152,080 persons, of whom 41,360 were Hispanic (27.2%). The total voting age
citizen population was 102,490, of whom 22,720 were Hispanic (22.2%). Of Springfield's
Hispanic voting age citizen population, 9,560 were limited English proficient (42.1%).
7. Springfield is subject to the requirements of Section 203 for
the Spanish language, pursuant to the designation by the Director of the Census. The
Director has determined that more than five percent of Springfield's voting age
citizens are members of a single language minority group (Spanish heritage or Hispanic)
who do not speak or understand English well enough to participate in the English
language election process and have an illiteracy rate that is higher than the national
illiteracy rate. See 42 U.S.C. § 1973aa-1a(b)(2); see also
67 Fed. Reg. 48,871 (July 26, 2002). The determination of the Census Bureau that
the City of Springfield is covered by Section 203 for Spanish is final and non-reviewable.
See 42 U.S.C. § 1973aa-1a(b)(4).
8. Springfield has been continuously covered under Section 203 to
provide bilingual elections in Spanish since September 18, 1992.
See 57 Fed. Reg. 43,213 (Sept. 18, 1992); 67 Fed. Reg. 48,871 (July 26, 2002).
Since 1992, the Department of Justice has directly notified election officials in
all jurisdictions covered under Section 203, including Springfield election officials,
and has provided information regarding the requirements of Section 203.
9. Because Springfield is subject to the requirements of Section 203,
"any registration or voting notice, forms, instructions, assistance, or other materials
or information relating to the electoral process, including ballots" that Defendants
provide in English must also be furnished in Spanish. See 42 U.S.C. § 1973aa-1a.
10. The City of Springfield is also subject to the requirements of
Section 208 that "[a]ny voter who requires assistance to vote by reason of blindness,
disability, or inability to read or write may be given assistance by a person of the
voter's choice, other than the voter's employer or agent of that employer or officer
or agent of the voter's union." See 42 U.S.C. § 1973aa-6.
11. Spanish-speaking voters in Springfield have faced difficulties
and rude treatment at the polls. In some cases, Spanish-speaking voters have left
the polls without casting a ballot due to the absence of bilingual assistance and
interference by poll workers and others in the voters' selecting the assistors of
FIRST CAUSE OF ACTION
12. Plaintiff hereby alleges and incorporates by reference paragraphs
one (1) through eleven (11) above.
13. In conducting elections in Springfield, Defendants have failed to
provide effective election-related information and assistance to Spanish-speaking voters,
as required by Section 203 of the Voting Rights Act, by failing to recruit, appoint,
train, and maintain an adequate pool of bilingual poll officials capable of providing
Spanish-speaking voters with necessary and effective language assistance throughout
the city on election day.
14. Defendants have also failed to provide effective election-related
information and assistance in Spanish to Spanish-speaking voters, as required by
Section 203, by failing to provide certain election-related information, including
but not limited to information publicizing elections, in a manner that ensures that
Spanish-speaking voters throughout the city have an opportunity to be informed about
15. Defendants' failure to provide Spanish-speaking citizens of
Springfield with Spanish language election information and assistance, as described
above, constitutes a violation of Section 203 of the Voting Rights Act, 42 U.S.C. § 1973aa-1a.
16. Unless enjoined by this Court, Defendants will continue to
violate Section 203 by failing to provide limited English proficient Spanish-speaking
citizens of Springfield with Spanish language election information and assistance
necessary for their effective participation in the political process.
SECOND CAUSE OF ACTION
17. Plaintiff hereby re-alleges and reincorporates by reference to
paragraphs one (1) through sixteen (16) above.
18. In violation of Section 208, Defendants, their employees, and
agents have failed to allow voters the assistors of their choice through the following
- Prohibiting assistors of choice from providing assistance to Spanish-
speaking voters with limited English proficiency; and
- Failing to accurately and adequately instruct poll workers on their duty to
permit voters who need assistance to obtain assistance from any person of
the voters' choice, other than voters' employers or agents of those
employers or officers or agents of the voters' union.
19. Unless enjoined by this Court, Defendants will continue to violate
Section 208 by failing to provide Springfield's voters with the opportunity to receive
assistance from persons of the voters' choice.
PRAYER FOR RELIEF
WHEREFORE, the Plaintiff United States prays that this Court enter an order:
(1). Declaring that Defendants have failed to provide in an effective
manner Spanish language election information and assistance necessary for the political
participation of limited English proficient Spanish-speaking voters, in violation of
Section 203 of the Voting Rights Act, 42 U.S.C. § 19733aa-1a;
(2). Declaring that Defendants have failed to allow certain Springfield
voters their assistors of choice, in violation of Section 208 of the Voting Rights Act,
42 U.S.C. § 1973aa-6;
(3). Enjoining Defendants, their employees, agents and successors in
office, and all persons acting in concert with them, from failing to provide Spanish
language election information and assistance to persons with limited English proficiency as
required by Section 203 of the Voting Rights Act, 42 U.S.C. § 19733aa-1a;
(4). Enjoining Defendants, their employees, agents and successors in
office, and all persons acting in concert with them, from engaging in any act or
practice that denies the rights secured by Section 208 of the Voting Rights Act,
42 U.S.C. 1973aa-6;
(5). Requiring Defendants to develop, publicize, and implement a
remedial plan to ensure that Spanish-speaking voters with limited English proficiency
are able to understand, learn of, and participate in all phases of the electoral process as
required by Section 203 of the Voting Rights Act, 42 U.S.C. § 19733aa-1a;
(6). Requiring Defendants to develop and implement a remedial plan
to ensure that Springfield's voters are permitted assistance from persons of their
choice when they cast their ballots, in compliance with Section 208 of the Voting Rights Act,
42 U.S.C. § 1973aa-6; and
(7). Authorizing the appointment of federal examiners for elections
held in the City of Springfield pursuant to Section 3(a) of the Voting Rights Act,
42 U.S.C. § 1973a(a).
Plaintiff further prays that this Court order such additional relief as the interests
of justice may require, together with the costs and disbursements in maintaining
Date: __2nd__ day of _August__, 2006
WAN J. KIM
Assistant Attorney General
MICHAEL J. SULLIVAN
United States Attorney
Assistant United States Attorney
1550 Main Street
Springfield, MA 01103
Chief, Voting Section
JOHN "BERT" RUSS
VERONICA SEUNGWON JUNG
United States Department of Justice
Civil Rights Division, Voting Section
950 Pennsylvania Ave., NW
Washington, D.C. 20530
Phone: (202) 305-0688
Fax: (202) 307-3961