The Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice, created in 1957 by the enactment of the Civil Rights
Act of 1957, works to uphold the civil and constitutional rights of all Americans, particularly some of the
most vulnerable members of our society. The Division enforces federal statutes prohibiting discrimination
on the basis of race, color, sex, disability, religion, familial status and national origin.
The United States has taken legal action to ensure that critically important reforms are put in place to address conduct at Rikers Island that has violated the constitutional rights of New York City's youngest inmates.
The Departments of Justice and Education release joint civil rights guidance to schools on how to meet their obligations under federal civil rights law to administer student discipline without discriminating on the basis of race, color, or national origin.