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Board of Immigration Appeals

The Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) is the highest administrative body for interpreting and applying immigration laws. It is authorized up to 15 Board Members, including the Chairman and Vice Chairman who share responsibility for BIA management. The BIA is located at EOIR headquarters in Falls Church, Virginia. Generally, the BIA does not conduct courtroom proceedings - it decides appeals by conducting a "paper review" of cases. On rare occasions, however, the BIA hears oral arguments of appealed cases, predominately at headquarters.

The BIA has been given nationwide jurisdiction to hear appeals from certain decisions rendered by immigration judges and by district directors of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in a wide variety of proceedings in which the Government of the United States is one party and the other party is an alien, a citizen, or a business firm. In addition, the BIA is responsible for the recognition of organizations and accreditation of representatives requesting permission to practice before DHS, the immigration courts, and the BIA.

BIA decisions are binding on all DHS officers and immigration judges unless modified or overruled by the Attorney General or a federal court. Most BIA decisions are subject to judicial review in the federal courts. The majority of appeals reaching the BIA involve orders of removal and applications for relief from removal. Other cases before the BIA include the exclusion of aliens applying for admission to the United States, petitions to classify the status of alien relatives for the issuance of preference immigrant visas, fines imposed upon carriers for the violation of immigration laws, and motions for reopening and reconsideration of decisions previously rendered.

The BIA is directed to exercise its independent judgment in hearing appeals for the Attorney General. BIA decisions designated for publication are printed in bound volumes entitled Administrative Decisions Under Immigration and Nationality Laws of the United States.

Meet the Board of Immigration Appeals

Additional Information:

Board of Immigration Appeals Precedent Decisions

Board of Immigration Appeals Practice Manual

Recognition & Accreditation (R&A)

Fact Sheet: Board of Immigration Appeals: Final Rule (PDF)

Attorney General Issues Final Rule Reforming Board of Immigration Appeals Procedures (PDF)

Updated November 2011

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EOIR Practice Manuals OCIJ Practice Manual BIA Practice Manual
Immigration Judge Benchbook

EOIR Forms

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Contact Us

Leadership
Juan P. Osuna
Director, Executive Office for Immigration Review
 
Contact
Office of Legislative and Public Affairs
703-305-0289
 
Case Status
 
Case Information System
240-314-1500 or 1-800-898-7180
Case status information available 24/7
 
BIA Clerk's Office
 
Filing Information
703-605-1007
 
Office of the Chief Administrative Hearing Officer
 
Filing Information for Employer Sanctions and Anti-discrimination Cases
703-305-0864
 
Office of the General Counsel
 
Attorney Discipline Program/
Fraud Program
703-305-0470
 
Records
 
FOIA Service Center
703-605-1297