International Courts


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International Courts | Regional Courts

International Courts and Tribunals

Universal Jurisdictions | Ad

Hoc Criminal Tribunals and Special Courts

Universal Jurisdictions

Ad Hoc Criminal Tribunals and Special Courts

Regional Courts

General | Economic | Human




  • The Court of Justice of the Common Market for Eastern

    and Southern Africa (COMESA)

    "The Court of Justice, as the judicial institution of the Common Market is the

    backbone of that system of safeguards. Its Judges shall ensure that the law

    is not interpreted and applied differently in each Member State, that as a shared

    legal system, it remains a Common Market system and that it is always identical

    for all in circumstances. In order to fulfill that role, the Court of Justice

    has jurisdiction to hear disputes to which the undertakings and individuals

    may be parties."

  • European Free Trade Agreement Court

    "The EFTA Court has jurisdiction with regard to EFTA States which are parties

    to the EEA Agreement (at present Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway). The Court

    is mainly competent to deal with infringement actions brought by the EFTA Surveillance

    Authority against an EFTA State with regard to the implementation, application

    or interpretation of an EEA rule, for the settlement of disputes between two

    or more EFTA States, for appeals concerning decisions taken by the EFTA Surveillance

    Authority and for giving advisory opinions to courts in EFTA States on the interpretation

    of EEA rules. Thus the jurisdiction of the EFTA Court mainly corresponds to

    the jurisdiction of the Court of Justice of the European Communities over EC


  • North American Free Trade Agreement Secretariat

    "The NAFTA Secretariat, comprised of the Canadian, U.S. and Mexican Sections,

    is an unique organization, established by the Free Trade Commission, pursuant

    to Article 2002, Chapter 20 of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

    It is responsible for the administration of the dispute settlement provisions

    of the Agreement. The mandate of the NAFTA Secretariat also includes the provision

    of assistance to the Commission and support for various non-dispute related

    committees and working groups."

Human Rights

  • European Court of

    Human Rights

    "The European Convention on Human Rights establishes a single and permanent

    system to control and protect human rights: the European Court of Human Rights.

    Anyone who believes that his or her rights have been breached under the Convention

    may lodge a complaint, provided no further legal remedies are available in the

    national courts. The Court decides if the case is admissible, and, if it is,

    establishes the facts and tries to bring about a friendly settlement. If that

    fails, the Court takes a binding decision."

  • Inter-American Court of Human Rights (In Spanish and English)
    "[The Court is] an autonomous judicial institution whose purpose is the application
    and interpretation of the American Convention on Human Rights."

Return to: International and Foreign Legal Research Center

Updated August 27, 2014