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Concurrent Delegations in the Department of Housing and Urban Development

(Posted 2014-March-12)

Department of Housing and Urban Development—Delegations of Authority—42 U.S.C. §§ 3533, 3535


Congressional Access to Tax Returns Under 26 U.S.C. § 6103(f)

(Posted 2014-February-27)

Congressional Access to Tax Returns—26 U.S.C. § 6103(f)


Constitutionality of 18 U.S.C. § 1302 as Applied to Newspaper Advertisements by the Maryland Lottery Commission

(Posted 2014-February-27)

Constitutionality of 18 U.S.C. § 1302—Lotteries


Constitutionality of Bill Allowing Federal Employees to Take
Time Off to Participate in Religious Observances

(Posted 2014-March-12)

Constitutional Law—First Amendment—Flexibility in Federal Employee Work Schedules—Religious Observance


Constitutionality of Bill Creating an Office of Congressional Legal Counsel

Congressional officers representing the combined power of both houses of Congress–in contrast to officers of either house–who perform significant governmental duties must be appointed as provided in the Appointments Clause of the Constitution.

The authority to bring a civil action requiring an officer or employee of the Executive Branch to act in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the United States is an exclusive executive function that must be exercised by an executive officer who must be appointed as provided for in the Appointments Clause and be subject to the President’s unlimited removal power.


Constitutionality of Bill Restricting President’s Authority to Remove the Director of the Office of Personnel Management

(Posted 2014-March-12)

Civil Service Reform Act (5 U.S.C. § 1101 et seq.)—Director of Office of Personnel Management


Constitutionality of Civil Damages Provisions of Fair Housing Bill

(Posted 2014-March-12)

Fair Housing—Civil Rights Act—Civil Penalties—Application of Seventh Amendment—Jury Trial


Constitutionality of Cost-Insurance-Freight Basis of Customs Valuation

(Posted 2014-March-12)

Constitutional Law—U.S. Tariffs and Customs—Procedures for Levying Ad Valorem Rates of Customs Duties—Cost-Insurance-Freight (CIF) Customs Valuation System


Constitutionality of Inspector General Legislation

(Posted 2014-February-27)

Inspector General Legislation


Constitutionality of Legislation Increasing the Size of the Board of Directors of the Federal National Mortgage Association

(Posted 2014-February-27)

Constitutionality of S. 1397—Federal National Mortgage Association

Updated: April 2014