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Report to the Deputy Attorney General on the Events at Waco, Texas
February 28 to April 19, 1993

Appendix J. Riot Control Agent, CS Information Obtained from British and U.S. Studies

RIOT CONTROL AGENT, C.S.

INFORMATION OBTAINED FROM BRITISH AND U.S. STUDIES

 

Effects of CS Exposure

Effects of CS Overexposure (Overexposure is defined as any exposure that brings on any of the effects listed here)

  1. Burning, pricking, peppery sensation in the eyes, nose, mouth, throat, and skin.
  2. Lacrimation - excessive secretion-of tears.
  3. Rhinorrhea - excessive mucous secretion from the nose.
  4. Salivation - produces excessive saliva.
  5. Blepharospasm - uncontrollable winking caused by involuntary contraction of eyelid muscle.
  6. Photophobia - abnormal intolerance of light (lasts less than one hour in 90% of subjects).
  7. Tightness of the chest associated with gripping pain.
  8. Breath holding - usually an attempt to defend against the effects - not a physical (involuntary) action.
  9. Dysphea - shortness of breath.
  10. Coughing and sneezing.
  11. Vesiculation -blistering, small (prolonged or repeated exposure).
  12. Erythema - redness of the skins caused by chemical poisoning or sunburn (prolonged or repeated exposure).
  13. First, and possibly second degree burns in sensitive people.
  14. Congestion of the nose-wall of the pharynx (section of the digestive tract from the oral cavity to the larynx).
  15. Feeling of suffocation.

Children

Pregnancy

Elderly

Miscellaneous

Liver Cancer

Lethality

 


     

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