The general venue provision is found at 28 U.S.C. §
Venue "is primarily a matter of convenience of litigants and
See Denver & R. G. W. R. Co. v. Brotherhood of R.R. Trainmen, 387
556, 560 (1967); accord Leroy v. Great Western United Corp., 443
173, 180 (1979). The primary purpose of venue statutes is to save
defendants from inconveniences to which they might be subjected if
could be compelled to answer in any district, or wherever found.
Neirbo Co. v. Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corp., 308 U.S. 165, 168
quoting, General Inv. Co. v. Lake Shore & M.S. Ry. Co., 260 U.S.
275 (1922); Hoiness v. United States, 335 U.S. 297, 302 (1948).
a personal privilege which may be lost, unless venue is seasonably
challenged. See Leroy, supra, 443 U.S. at 180; 28 U.S.C. §
See Neirbo Co., 308 U.S. at 168; Freeman v. Bee Mach. Co., 319 U.S.
453 (1943). (Addition to venue, just as any other litigant may.)
Addition Industrial Ass'n. v. C.I.R., 323 U.S. 310, 314 (1945);
Panhandle Eastern Pipe Line Co. v. Federal Power Com'n, 324 U.S.
639 (1945). Objection to venue will "be deemed to be waived in the
absence of specific objection upon this ground before pleading to
merits." United States v. Hvoslef, 237 U.S. 1, 12 (1915); Thames &
Mersey Marine Ins. Co. v. United States, 237 U.S. 19, 25 (1915). A
specific objection to venue may be made by a separate motion under
R. Civ. P. 12(b), joined as a separate ground in a motion raising
several arguments under Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b) or, in the absence of
Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b) motion, in the answer.|
[cited in USAM 4-2.200]