Scope of the General Statutes Prohibiting Fraud
While Congress has enacted numerous specific statutes to deal with
particular types of fraud against the government, enforcement efforts rely
principally on five rather general statutes: 18 U.S.C. §§ 287
claims), 371 (conspiracy), 1001 (false statements), 1341 (mail fraud) and
(wire fraud). The mail fraud and wire fraud statutes (18 U.S.C.
1343) are discussed in another part of the USAM; the other statutes are
in this chapter. One fundamental concern common to these statutes is the
relationship that the fraudulent act or statement must have with the Federal
government in order to warrant Federal prosecution.|
PRACTICE TIP: This part of the USAM provides only an introduction
to the many topics concerning fraud against the government; the reader
aware of standard research devices that are available, including
research, texts, law reviews, looseleaf services, Department seminar
other courses materials and various other publications. See generally
Criminal Law Reporter (Bureau of National Affairs); O. Obermaier and R.
Morvillo, White Collar Crime: Business and Regulatory Offenses
Devitt, C. Blackmar & K. O'Malley, Federal Jury Practice and
(1990); L. Sand, J. Siffert, W. Loughlin & S. Reiss, Modern Federal Jury
Instruction (1995); Project, Tenth Annual Survey of White Collar
Crime, 32 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 137 (1995).
[cited in USAM 9-42.001]