The Civil Division defends the interests of the United States in cases in which the United States or federal agencies are sued for alleged conduct by their officers or employees. The Civil Division also defends federal employees who are sued for allegations arising out of their employment. These defensive matters include actions seeking monetary damages for personal injury, medical malpractice, and employment discrimination; prison litigation; judicial review of agency decisions, such as Social Security disability cases; and actions for injunctive relief, which challenge a federal agency's compliance with federal law or the Constitution. The defensive section of the Civil Division also represents the federal government in commercial litigation cases such as bankruptcy and foreclosure matters involving the United States as a creditor or lien holder.
One principal objective of the U.S. Attorney’s Office, Eastern District of Tennessee, is the enforcement of federal criminal laws within the District. The Criminal Division AUSAs work closely with federal grand juries and federal law enforcement agencies in the investigation of possible criminal violations and the presentment of cases for indictment. Indicted cases are prosecuted by AUSAs in the United States District Court and on appeal before the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals.