- Find out about conflict management and mediation training for adults and children. Work with schools and parent organizations to teach these skills in all grades.
- Help develop recreational and educational programs for all young people in the community, so they will have better things to do than fight and can benefit from adult supervision and mentoring.
- Make sure your schools are safe places to learn. Many children feel safer after school than when they are on school property or traveling back and forth to school. Work with educators, local government law enforcement, and others in the community to solve problemsinvolving crime, drugs, harassment and bullying.
- Get youth, from grade-schoolers to teens, involved in helping the community. Some ideas include cleaning up a playground, starting a garden, tutoring younger children, escorting elderly residents to stores, and producing a newsletter. When young people have an important role in building up the community, they are far less likely to turn to violent actions that tear it down.
What Can Parents and Other Concerned Adults Do?
- Start early. Talk about effective ways to handle frustration, anger, and arguments during a child's youngest years and continue through the teen years. Stress respect for self and others, describe how you have settled arguments and other conflicts without violence, and teach children not to use words that hurt. These valuable skills can last a lifetime.
- For very young children, some physical acts such as hitting, kicking, and biting may be part of their development. But by age three, most can understand nonviolent ways to deal with anger and frustration, even if they're not perfect at using these skills.
When You Talk With Children and Teens About Violence
- Make clear that you do not approve of violence as a way to solve problems. Explain the difference between feeling angry and frustrated, and acting out these feelings violently.
- Ask about the child's ideas on violence. Listen carefully and encourage him or her to talk about worries, questions, and fears.
- Try not to lecture. Instead, take advantage of “teachable moments." For example, when there's a violent scene on TV, talk about what happened and how the people could have prevented it. When something violent and frightening happens at school or in the neighborhood, talk about what other choices besides violence might have been available.
- Make sure other adults ---a grandparent, a cousin, a neighbor---in the child's life know and respect your teachings about violence. It confuses children when adults they trust send contradictory messages about the ways people should act.
- Know who your child's friends are and how they feel about violence. Always know where your children and their friends are.
- Set a good example. Don't let yourself resort to violence to settle conflicts or let off steam. Even in tense or very annoying situations, calm down, walk away, and talk it out.
Some Basic Tips to Teach Children
- Children need to learn to take care of themselves when they're at school, with friends, or just out and about. There are many ways young people can reduce their risk of being involved in violence.
Teach Them to do the Following
- Play, walk, bike, or skate with a friendrather than alone, and always let a Responsible adult know where they are.
- Never go anywhere with someone they, and you, don't know and trust.
- Never carry a knife, gun, or other weapon. It's a sure way to turn a simple argument into a fight where someone gets badly hurt or killed.
- Never use alcohol or drugs. The effects they have on people's minds often encourage violence.
- Stay away from kids who think fighting and other forms of violence are “cool" and from places where fights often break out.
- Become a conflict solver for brothers or sisters, friends, and classmates by getting training in mediation skills to help others work out problems without violence.
- Tell a police officer or other trusted adult if they see a violent crime, and talk about it to you or another caring adult.