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807. Check Kiting

If a bank insider is involved, a check kite can be prosecuted as a misapplication under 18 U.S.C. § 656, see United States v. Wolfswinkel, 44 F.3d 782, 786-87 (9th Cir. 1995); United States v. Ness, 665 F.2d 248 (8th Cir. 1981)(defendant bank officer arranged for insufficient funds checks to be paid out of the bank's funds in violation of bank procedure); United States v. Cades, 495 F.2d 1166 (3d Cir. 1974), or possibly under 18 U.S.C. § 1005. A check kite may also be prosecuted as a bank fraud under 18 U.S.C. § 1344. See Wolfswinkel, 44 F.3d at 784-85; United States v. Giordano, 489 F.2d 327 (2d Cir. 1973).

[cited in USAM 9-40.000]

Updated May 26, 2015