The second largest section within the Civil Division is the Civil Fraud section, which has 15 assigned AUSAs. This section investigates and litigates civil False Claims Act cases involving fraud on the United States and civil penalty cases involving a broad variety of government programs. False Claims Act cases primarily involve defense contractor and health care fraud.
Since 2005, the Section has recovered nearly $2 billion for the United States Treasury in False Claims Act cases. Many of the section’s cases are begun by whistle blowers, who file their complaints under seal. The government then investigates the allegations, and can elect to pursue the action after it is unsealed if the allegations have merit. The whistle blower typically is entitled to 15% to 25% of the proceeds of the action.