Protection of Government PropertyNational Parks
Much of the property held by the United States is made available
the use and enjoyment of the public as part of our national park system.
system consists of hundreds of parks, forests, recreation areas, game
and historic sites located throughout the United States.|
The national park system is jointly administered by the Department
Interior, the Department of Agriculture and the Department of the Army. By
the secretaries of these three departments are empowered to make regulations
governing the use and maintenance of park lands under their charge.
16 U.S.C. § 3 (Interior); 16 U.S.C. § 9a (Army); 16 U.S.C.
(Agriculture). Violations of these regulations may subject individuals to
penalties ranging from three months imprisonment, a $100 fine, or both,
see 16 U.S.C. § 9a; to 6 months imprisonment, a $500 fine, or
see 16 U.S.C. § § 3 and 551. The regulations
to these statutes may be found in Title 36 of the Code of Federal
These and other fines recited in this chapter, are subject to enhancement
pursuant to the alternative fine provision of 18 U.S.C. § 3571.
Conduct in national parks is not controlled exclusively by
Congress has also enacted a series of statutes which proscribe certain
in such parks. For example, 16 U.S.C. § 26 prohibits unauthorized
and fishing on park lands. Similarly, 16 U.S.C. §§ 413 and 414
willful destruction of property or trespassing on military parks. Also, 16
U.S.C. § 470ee prohibits removal, defacing or trafficking in
resources on public or Indian lands. Finally there are a large number of
statutes which apply to specific national parks and prohibit certain
within those parks. For example, see 16 U.S.C. §§ 45e, 60
(Sequoia and Yosemite National Parks); 16 U.S.C. §§ 92 and 98
Ranier National Park); 16 U.S.C. §§ 114 and 117e-d (Mesa Verde
Park); and 16 U.S.C. § 425g (Fredericksburg National Battlefield).
[cited in USAM 9-66.100]