George Woodward Wickersham was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on September 19, 1858. He studied at the University of Pennsylvania earning the degree of LL.B. in 1880. In 1901 that university conferred upon him the honorary degree of master of arts. Previous to graduation he had been admitted to the Philadelphia bar and practiced there until 1882, when he moved to New York City. In 1883 Wickersham entered the old established law firm of Strong and Cadwalader, and became a partner in the firm four years later. He held the office of Attorney General of the United States from March 5, 1909, to March 5, 1913, in President Taft's administration. Wickersham was named by President Wilson to serve on the War Trade Board to Cuba soon after the United States entered World War I. In 1929 President Hoover named him to the National Commission on Law Observance and Enforcement, also known as the Wickersham Commission. He died in New York City on January 25, 1936.