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Court Decisions And Case-Related Documents

The Complaint
The United States filed the complaint underlying this lawsuit on May 21, 2007.
The Disparate Impact Liability Ruling
On July 22, 2009, the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York in Brooklyn held that the City's use of two written examinations violated Title VII because these exams had a disparate impact on black and Hispanic applicants and could not be justified by the City as job-related and consistent with business necessity.
The Disparate Treatment Liability Ruling
The Court held, on January 13, 2010, that the City's use of the two written examinations constituted a pattern or practice of intentional discrimination against black applications, in violation of Title VII, the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, and New York City and State Human Rights Laws
The Preliminary Relief Order
On January 21, 2010, the Court issued a Preliminary Relief Order, outlining the broad contours of relief for the City's disparate impact liability.
The Permanent Injunction of Hiring From the Exam 6019 Eligibility List
On October 19, 2010, the Court issued a permanent injunction prohibiting the City of New York from hiring firefighters based on the results of Exam 6019, administered in 2007, except under one of the interim approaches already approved by the Court.
Updated July 27, 2015