Information for Victims in Large Cases
|Case Name||Familiar Names and Terms||District or Division||Overview|
|U.S. v. John Edwards, et al.||Pinnacle Business Management Inc., CMKM Diamonds Inc., St. George Metals Inc., Global Diamond Exchange Inc.||USAO - Nevada||
The superseding criminal indictment in the Edwards case charged a more clearly defined group of defendants: specific insiders who engaged in fraud through shell companies. Specifically, between approximately May 1997 and April 2008, the defendants used various shell companies – including Pinnacle Business Management, Inc. (May 1997 to December 2003); CMKM Diamonds, Inc. (November 2002 to October 2005); St. George Metals, Inc. (July 2004 to July 2005); and Global Diamond Exchange, Inc. (November 2005 to April 2008) – to defraud purchasers of stock in those companies. The defendants secretly authorized increases in the number of available shares and falsely represented or hid the true number of shares from investors. At the same time, the conspirators issued billions of shares to themselves through affiliates. By falsely claiming that these shares had not been issued to company affiliates, the conspirators were able to sell these shares without restrictions imposed by law. By issuing false and misleading press releases regarding the companies’ business activities, the defendants were able to drive up demand for the companies’ stock while selling their shares at a profit.
Five defendants have been convicted in this case, including Jeffrey Turino (conspiracy to commit securities fraud), and Melissa Spooner, Ginger Gutierrez, James Kinney and Jeffrey Mitchell (conspiracy to sell unregistered securities). These defendants received sentences of imprisonment and probation and terms of supervised release following service of sentence during which defendants are supervised by a U.S. Probation Officer.
|US v. James Holston, III||USAO - Alabama, Northern||
Beginning in 2012 and continuing through in or about February 2018, JAMES HOLSTON owned and operated FBM and Associates. FBM and Associates was a for-profit business located in Jefferson County within the Northern District of Alabama that was in the business of assisting customers with improving or repairing their credit scores, with the goal of improving their abilities to obtain credit from businesses, credit card companies, and financial institutions and/or the terms under which they could obtain credit. Beginning in or about 2012 and continuing through in or about February 2018, FBM and Associates created and sent false police reports to credit reporting agencies claiming that customers were victims of identity fraud. FBM and Associates used the false and fraudulent police reports to attempt to dismiss or discharge outstanding debts and remove legal issues for numerous clients.
|U.S. v. Argos USA LLC, f.k.a. Argos Ready Mix LLC||Argos USA, Argos Ready Mix, Concrete||Antitrust Division||
Argos USA LLC, a producer and seller of ready-mix concrete headquartered in Alpharetta, Georgia, was charged with participating in a conspiracy to fix prices, rig bids, and allocate markets for sales of ready-mix concrete in the Southern District of Georgia and elsewhere. Specifically, employees of Argos and other ready-mix concrete companies coordinated the issuance of price increase letters to customers, allocated specific ready-mix concrete jobs in the coastal Georgia area, charged fuel surcharges and environmental fees, and submitted bids to customers at collusive and noncompetitive prices. The conspiracy began as early as 2010 and continued until in or about July 2016.
|U.S. v. Lewis Wallach||Professional Financial Investors, “PFI” and Professional Investors Security Fund, Inc.||USAO - California, Northern||
Lewis Wallach was charged by a criminal information filed in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California on September 29, 2020. The information alleges that Wallach was the former CEO of a Marin-based company known as Professional Financial Investors, or PFI. Wallach is charged in the information with one count of wire fraud and one count of conspiracy to commit wire fraud.
|U.S. v. Pilgrim’s Pride Corporation||Pilgrim’s Pride, broiler chicken||Antitrust Division||
Pilgrim’s Pride engaged in a conspiracy to fix prices and rig bids for broiler chicken products. The charged conspiracy began at least as early as 2012 and continued at least until early 2019.
|U.S. v. Teva Pharmaceuticals USA Inc. and Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Inc., USA||Teva, Generic Drugs||Antitrust Division||
Teva Pharmaceuticals USA Inc. was charged with participating in three conspiracies to suppress and eliminate competition by agreeing to fix prices, allocate customers, and rig bids for generic drugs. In the first count, Glenmark was charged along with Teva with knowingly entering into and engaging in a conspiracy to suppress and eliminate competition by agreeing to increase and maintain prices of pravastatin and other generic drugs sold in the United States. The charged conspiracies took place between 2013 and 2015.
|U.S. v. Evans Concrete, LLC, et al.||Evans Concrete, Concrete||Antitrust Division||
One company and four individuals, Evans Concrete LLC, James Clayton Pedrick, Gregory Hall Melton, John “David” Melton, and Timothy “Bo” Strickland, were charged with participating in a conspiracy to fix prices, rig bids, and allocate markets. The conduct applied to the sale of ready-mix concrete used in residential, commercial and public projects in the greater Savannah, Georgia area. The conduct began at least as early as 2010 and continued until in or about July 2016. James Clayton Pedrick is also charged with making false statements and Timothy “Bo” Strickland is charged with making false statements and perjury.
|U.S. v. Taro Pharmaceuticals U.S.A., Inc.||Taro Pharmaceuticals U.S.A., Inc, Generic Drugs||Antitrust Division||
Taro Pharmaceuticals U.S.A., Inc. was charged with participating in two conspiracies to suppress and eliminate competition by agreeing to fix prices, allocate customers, and rig bids for generic drugs. The charged conspiracies took place between 2013 and 2015.
|United States v. Milton Ayimadu a/k/a Don Milton||Don Milton, Milton Ayimadu, http://www.babypuupu.com, BabyPuuPu, Evolosion||USAO - Georgia, Northern||
The defendant has been charged with hoarding and price gouging in violation of the Defense Production Act of 1950.
|U.S. v. Davit Simonyan, et al.||Varham Imonyan, Arsen Minasyan, Gor Plavchyan, Arsen Galstyan, Mukuch Mkrtchyan, Smbat Shahinyan||USAO - California, Southern||
This case charges a ring of fraudsters who used skimming devices to steal unwitting victims’ account information from gas pumps, ATMs, and similar common points of sale. The defendants then allegedly used that information to make fraudulent debit and credit cards, which they used to withdraw cash from victims’ accounts and make fraudulent purchases (like hundreds of thousands of dollars of postal money orders). According to the indictment, these crimes were committed in and around San Diego, Los Angeles, New York, St. Louis, and Oklahoma.