Due to the lapse in appropriations, Department of Justice websites will not be regularly updated. The Department’s essential law enforcement and national security functions will continue. Please refer to the Department of Justice’s contingency plan for more information.

Nominations for Prospective Vacancies on the Supreme Court


Under Article II, § 2, cl. 2 of the Constitution, the appointment process for judges consists of three steps: nomination by the President, advice and consent of the Senate, and appointment by the President. A President may nominate, and the Senate may confirm, a person to an office in anticipation that the office will be vacant during the President’s term of office. Confirmation without appointment does not confer any rights on the nominee; the President remains free to decide that he does not want to appoint a confirmed nominee. When the anticipated vacancy does not arise, no appointment of the confirmed nominee is possible.

Updated July 9, 2014