Individuals who serve on a purely advisory Commission on the Deregulation of International Ocean Shipping need not be officers of the United States. Appointment of Members of Congress to such a Commission does not implicate the Incompatibility Clause, U.S. Const. art. I, § 6, cl. 2. A provision authorizing the congressional leadership to make recommendations for appointments to the Commission does not limit the President’s ultimate responsibility for such appointments.
The proposed Commission may not hold a witness in contempt for failure to comply with a Commission subpoena or to testify. Rather, the Commission should be required to seek a court order compelling compliance.