Proposed Interdiction of Haitian Flag Vessels

Headnotes: 

Proposed executive agreement between the government of Haiti and the United States, by which the U.S. Coast Guard is to stop and board Haitian flag vessels on the high seas in order to prevent Haitians from entering the United States illegally, is authorized both by the U.S. immigration laws, and by the President’s inherent constitutional power to protect the Nation and to conduct foreign relations.

Authority for provision in proposed agreement with Haiti, by which the Coast Guard will detain Haitians emigrating in violation of Haitian law and return them to Haiti, derives from the President’s statutory power to guard the borders against illegal entry of aliens, and from his inherent constitutional power in the field of foreign relations.

Updated July 9, 2014