The United States Marshals Service may not grant special deputy status to private citizens hired by a former cabinet member. By regulation, the Director of the Service may confer such status only upon selected federal officers or employees or state and local law enforcement officers.
Although the Attorney General may deputize private citizens, such appointments must further federal law enforcement functions within the authority of the Marshals Service. 28 U.S.C. § 569(c).
A federal law enforcement function sufficient to justify the appointment of special deputy marshals should be determined by the Marshals Service in the first instance, on the facts of each case in light of a number of different factors. In this case, no sufficient federal law enforcement function exists to permit the Attorney General to deputize these private security personnel.