Whether the President May Sign a Bill by Directing That His Signature Be Affixed to It

Headnotes: 

The President need not personally perform the physical act of affixing his signature to a bill he approves and decides to sign in order for the bill to become law. Rather, the President may sign a bill within the meaning of Article I, Section 7 by directing a subordinate to affix the President’s signature to such a bill, for example by autopen.

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Updated June 2, 2015