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3-8.000 - Financial Management

3-8.100 Operational Expenses
3-8.130 Expenditures and Obligations Under the Anti-Deficiency Act
3-8.210 Depositions
3-8.220 Extradition Expenses
3-8.230 Foreign Counsel
3-8.232 Foreign Witnesses
3-8.240 Payment of Travel Expenses of Defendant and Counsel to Attend Depositions in Criminal Matters Taken at the Request of the Government
3-8.250 Interpreters
3-8.280 Payment of Expert Witnesses Appointed by the Court Under Federal Rules of Evidence
3-8.300 Phasing Down United States Attorney Operations During a Lapse in Appropriations
3-8.311 Lapse in Appropriations——Notification
3-8.312 Lapse in Appropriations—Excepted/Non-Excepted Personnel
3-8.313 Lapse in Appropriations——Furloughs
3-8.314 Travel During a Lapse in Appropriations
3-8.315 Payment of Fees and Expenses of Witnesses During a Period of Lapsed Appropriations
3-8.321 Legal Operations——Matters to be Continued During a Lapse in Appropriations
3-8.400 Appraisers and Masters
3-8.420 Court Reporters
3-8.430 Employment of Independent Reporters
3-8.440 Employment of Additional Reporters in Lands Cases
3-8.450 Grand Jury Reporting
3-8.510 Transcripts
3-8.520 Expenses Incurred on Behalf of Indigents
3-8.540 Notary Expenses of Employees
3-8.550 Expenses Requiring Prior Authorization
3-8.560 Out-of-Pocket Litigative Expenses
3-8.570 Expenses Incurred in a Foreclosure Proceeding Brought on Behalf of a Government Agency or Corporation
3-8.600 Advance Payment of Bills
3-8.620 Appropriations Chargeable
3-8.622 Chargeable to "Fees and Expenses of Witness" Appropriation
3-8.623 Chargeable to Legal Divisions of the Department of Justice
3-8.624 Chargeable to United States Courts
3-8.625 Chargeable to Other Agencies
3-8.630 Certifying Officers
3-8.640 USAO Budget and Operating Plan
3-8.700 Travel Authority
3-8.710 Travel Authorization
3-8.720 Payment of Travel Expenses and Advances
3-8.730 Foreign Travel
3-8.740 Premium Class Transportation
3-8.800 Relocation
3-8.900 Law Enforcement Coordinating Committee (LECC) Expenses
3-8.990 District Office Conference Guidelines


3-8.100 Operational Expenses

The Director of EOUSA is the official responsible and accountable for the appropriation of the Offices of the United States Attorneys. Each United States Attorney has been delegated authority to manage the funds/budget of his/her office within certain limitations. That delegation is normally administered through the administrative staff of the Office of the United States Attorney.

Financial expenditures should remain consistent with the delegations of each office and within relevant guidelines, regulations, and statutes.

[Updated May 2016}


3-8.130 Expenditures and Obligations Under the Anti-Deficiency Act

Cross reference(s): USAM §§ 3-8.100 et seq.; 3-8.300 et seq.; 3-8.600 et seq.; 4-1.310; 4-1.410; 4-1.600; 4-10.100; 5-5.230; 5-12.111; 5-12.613

The Anti-Deficiency Act states, inter alia, that the government may not: (1) make or authorize an expenditure exceeding an appropriation; or, (2) involve the government in a contract for money before an appropriation is made, unless authorized by law. 31 U.S.C. § 1341(a). This means that employees may not contract or obligate the United States Attorneys’ appropriation for services to be performed outside of the current fiscal year, absent explicit statutory authority.

Attorneys should be particularly mindful of this restriction if they are contemplating entering into any consent decree. Please ensure that the terms of the consent decree DO NOT obligate the government to expend funds beyond the office’s litigation budget or beyond the current fiscal year. If a USAO needs an exception to this restriction, the Office must consult with and obtain prior approval from EOUSA before executing the agreement.

Advance notification will give EOUSA the ability to review the feasibility and legality of such expenses and an opportunity to consult with Department of Justice officials and Congress to obtain approval.

This restriction does not apply to each United States Attorney’s delegated authority to settle civil cases up to $1,000,000 paid out of the Judgment Fund. See 28 C.F.R. § 0.168.

[updated May 2016] [cited in USAM 3-1.200]


3-8.210 Depositions

As part of their employees’ litigative duties, United States Attorneys are obviously authorized to incur the necessary expenses of taking depositions. If a salaried federal court reporter is used, the reporter is entitled to compensation for the production of the transcript only (attendance fees may not be paid). Payment of an attendance fee would be considered a violation of the prohibition against dual compensation. 5 U.S.C.  § 5533. The salaried federal reporter is not controlled by the court-reporting law (see 28 U.S.C. § 753 and USAM 3-8.420) as to charges for work not regulated by that statute. Payment to stenographers for services should be in accord with prevailing local rates.

Stenographic and notarial charges related to depositions for indigent persons are paid by the Department of Justice only in cases of fact witnesses.

Depositions to be taken in a foreign country must be channeled through the Department of State in the same manner as subpoenaing a witness who resides in a foreign country to appear in court.

The Office of International Affairs (OIA) in the Criminal Division, or the Office of Foreign Litigation (OFL) in the Civil Division, should be consulted in the case of depositions to be taken in the United States at the request of a foreign court.

If foreign witnesses are to be examined on the premises of the diplomatic or consular mission, arrangements should be made in advance with the Special Authorization Unit, JMD, to provide advance authority to the consular official to reimburse these witnesses in the same manner as those appearing in federal courts.

Deposition expenses of experts who will not be government witnesses must be paid as litigative expenses of the USAO.

[Updated May 2016] [cited in USAM 3-1.200]


3-8.220 Extradition Expenses

The Criminal Division, Office of International Affairs (OIA), will provide specific guidelines, and suggestions, as well as the necessary clearances for all extradition proceedings.

All other information relating to extradition should be obtained pursuant to other relevant sections of the United States Attorneys' Manual.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.230 Foreign Counsel

United States Attorneys have authority to incur expenses to hire foreign counsel. Contact the Financial Management Staff, EOUSA, for assistance.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.232 Foreign Witnesses

Consular officials will normally serve subpoenas on American citizens (including American Nationals who, while not citizens, owe permanent allegiance to the United States, as well as alien residents, who have been lawfully admitted for permanent residence in the United States, although not citizens) residing abroad, except in those countries (such as Switzerland) which prohibit foreigners from serving legal documents. In these cases, the Office of International Affairs (OIA) in the Criminal Division or the Office of Foreign Litigation (OFL) in the Civil Division should be consulted, as appropriate.

American citizens are entitled to compensation for travel and expenses in these cases. When the testimony of the employee of a foreign government is contemplated, it is imperative that the attorney submit a request directly to OIA in the Criminal Division, or the OFL in the Civil Division, prior to communicating with the witness or the foreign government. The appropriate office will request the Department of State to obtain the approval of the foreign government involved.

Payment for subsistence, witness fees, and actual cost of travel, for both American and foreign citizens, is fixed by 28 U.S.C. § 1821.

[Updated May 2016] [cited in USAM 3-1.200]


3-8.240 Payment of Travel Expenses of Defendant and Counsel to Attend Depositions in Criminal Matters Taken at the Request of the Government

Pursuant to Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 15(d), if a deposition was requested by the government, the court may order the government to pay (1) any reasonable travel and subsistence expenses of the defendant and the defendant's attorney to attend the deposition, and (2) the costs of the deposition transcript. Where the court determines that the defendant is personally unable to bear the deposition expenses, the court must order the government to pay these expenses, regardless of who requested the deposition. Where the USAO is the prosecuting office and the government is directed by the court to pay such costs under Rule 15, the expenses will be considered litigative expenses chargeable against the United States Attorneys' appropriation. The defendant and his/her counsel will be reimbursed for “reasonable expenses,” i.e., only those expenses for which a government employee traveling under government travel regulations would be reimbursed.

Note.  Rule 15 does not specifically address other ancillary costs of a deposition, for example, an attendance fee for the reporter; videography; or payment of a special master appointed under 18 U.S.C. § 3507. Depending on the circumstances, the government may advocate for shared or full payment of such ancillary costs by the defendant (including indigent defendants, whose share would generally be paid pursuant to the Criminal Justice Act).

[updated May 2016]


3-8.250 Interpreters

The Court Interpreters Act of 1978 requires the Director of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts (AOUSC), to "establish a program to facilitate the use of interpreters in courts of the United States." The AOUSC will prescribe standards for interpreter qualifications and will certify the qualifications of individuals who may serve as interpreters in bilingual proceedings and in proceedings involving persons whose hearing is impaired.

All costs for interpreter services necessary to enable a party to comprehend the proceedings in the courtroom or in chambers, to communicate with counsel in the immediate environs of the courtroom in connection with ongoing judicial proceedings and to communicate with the presiding judicial officer are payable from funds appropriated to the judiciary. Interpreter services required by a criminal defendant to whom the government furnishes representation under the Criminal Justice Act are payable from funds appropriated to support that Act.

The USAO is generally chargeable only for interpreter services necessary to interpret the testimony of prospective government witnesses in the investigative stage. When the case goes to trial, those trial-related interpretive expenses can be funded under an expert witness agreement using resources from the Fees and Expenses of Witnesses (FEW) appropriation. Although testimony situations are the most common occasion for the use of interpreters, interpreters may also be engaged for services necessary to determine the course of litigation. They may be paid for, or provided, transportation, facilities, equipment or materials as necessary and appropriate to satisfy the United States Attorney's requirements.

Interpreters are required to execute a written oath as prescribed by the AOUSC. The rate of compensation should be fixed by agreement with the interpreter before the interpreter renders the service required by the United States Attorney. Rates of compensation should correspond to rates paid by the court. The AOUSC regulation (Sec. 1.72) currently permits the presiding judicial officer to fix reasonable compensation according to the prevailing rates at the location where the designated interpreter regularly works.

It is the responsibility of investigative agencies to pay the costs to translate and transcribe recordings of foreign language telephone conversations obtained under authority of Title III of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, 18 U.S.C. §§ 2510 to 2520.

[updated May 2016]


3-8.280 Payment of Expert Witnesses Appointed by the Court Under the Federal Rules of Evidence

Federal judges are allowed to appoint expert witnesses to assist the court in the performance of its duty on a particular case or proceeding under Fed.R.Evid. 706. The court may either appoint an expert of its own choosing or one agreed upon by both parties. The expert's deposition may be taken by any party and he/she may be called to testify by the court or any party.

  1. Criminal Proceedings and Civil Condemnation Proceedings. The compensation of expert witnesses appointed by the Court under Fed.R.Evid. 706 is treated as a litigative expense chargeable to the litigating agency of the government. 58 COMP.GEN. § 259 (1979). In those instances where the Department is the litigating agency, the expenses of the court-appointed expert witness are payable from the FEW appropriation.

  2. Civil Proceedings. Fed.R.Evid. 706 provides that in other civil actions, the compensation of court-appointed experts shall be paid by the parties in such proportions and at such times as the court directs. Any compensation charged to the Department will be paid from the FEW appropriation.

  3. Authorization and Payment Procedures. When the expert is appointed by the court and the United States is ordered to pay expenses, the United States Attorney should enter into an expert witness agreement with the expert and attach a copy of the court order appointing the expert witness under Fed.R.Evid. 706.

  4. Exclusion Under Fed.R.Evid. 706. The appointment of expert witnesses for an indigent defendant in criminal cases or in civil habeas corpus cases is not provided under Fed.R.Evid. 706. In such instances, the Criminal Justice Act authorizes the court-appointed defense attorney to hire an expert witness on behalf of the indigent defendant. The expenses of the expert will be paid by the AOUSC from funds appropriated for the implementation of the Criminal Justice Act.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.300 Phasing Down United States Attorney Operations During a Lapse in Appropriations

In the event there arises a situation in which an appropriation of funds may not be available for the operations of the Department, the USAOs will proceed under the guidelines set forth below, in compliance with the Anti-Deficiency Act, 31 U.S.C.  § 1341. The Anti-Deficiency Act, as construed by the Attorney General, provides that, in the absence of an appropriation, no obligation can be incurred except for the protection of life and property, for the orderly suspension of operations, or as otherwise authorized by law.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.311 Lapse in Appropriations—Notification

In the event of an impending lapse in appropriations, the Assistant Attorney General for Administration will notify all Department personnel of pending furloughs and phasing down operations. EOUSA will then contact the United States Attorneys with more specific information and instructions and will keep them aware of current information available from JMD and the Office of Management and Budget as well as specific provisions of the Congress.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.312 Lapse in Appropriations—Excepted/Non-Excepted Personnel

Upon notification of a pending lapse in appropriations, the United States Attorney shall identify employees who are necessary to sustain legal operations for the protection of life and property as defined in USAM 3-8.321. At the instance of a lapse in appropriations, only those employees necessary to sustain the legal operations defined in USAM 3-8.321 shall be permitted to continue working. All other employees may only remain in duty status to the extent necessary to facilitate an orderly phasedown of non-emergency activities. The United States Attorneys shall identify the individual employees who are considered excepted and shall notify each employee of his/her status, in the event of a lapse in appropriations. The United States Attorney has the authority to recall individual employees as the need arises and to substitute furloughed employees for non-furloughed employees if the furloughed employees are able to assume the case load designated as “emergency.” The United States Attorney does not have the authority to recall employees because of the financial hardships they may be suffering.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.313 Lapse in Appropriations—Furloughs

Any employees designated non-excepted will be furloughed upon a lapse in appropriations. During this time the employee will be in a non-pay, non-duty status. The employee will be notified by his/her supervisor or through some other communication channel when to return to work. Reduction-in-force procedures (5 C.F.R. Part 351) will be followed whenever an employee must be furloughed for more than 30 days.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.314 Travel During a Lapse in Appropriations

All travel directly related to ongoing criminal or necessary civil litigation will continue. All other travel, although previously authorized, will be cancelled, upon a lapse in appropriations. Any employee on travel when a funding lapse occurs should immediately contact his/her supervisor. If time is needed to seek a continuance or the employee is involved with a matter that poses a life or property constraint (see USAM 3-8.321), he/she will receive further instructions from his/her supervisor. In all other cases, the employee will be required to return home. Return travel and per diem/subsistence incurred in returning are authorized.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.315 Payment of Fees and Expenses of Witnesses During a Period of Lapsed Appropriations

Use of witnesses during a lapse in appropriations, and any obligations incurred as a result, are authorized in accordance with legal operations as in USAM 3-8.321.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.321 Legal Operations—Matters to be Continued During a Lapse in Appropriations

All litigation and investigations which are essential to the protection of life and property are to continue during a lapse in appropriations.

  1. Criminal Matters. These should continue without interruption as an activity essential to the safety of human life and the protection of property.
     
  2. Civil Matters. Civil litigation will be curtailed or postponed, to the extent that the Courts will permit such an approach without harm to the interests of the United States. In the event that such an approach is not possible, civil litigation will continue without interruption as an activity essential to the protection of property.

[Updated May 2016] [cited in USAM 3-8.312; 3-8.314; 3-8.315]


3-8.400 Appraisers and Masters

The Department pays for the compensation of special masters or appraisers consistent with the fees and expenses set by the court, but it reserves the right to refuse payment of unusual or unreasonable fees and/or expenses.

United States Attorneys may authorize payment of reasonable compensation for special masters, guardians ad litem, or appraisers appointed by the court as the result of an action brought by the United States. Vouchers for compensation and expenses of such individuals must be supported by copies of the order making the appointment and fixing compensation and expenses. Funding must come from the USAO’s litigation budget, not from the FEW appropriation. The attorney should make a note on the applicable form when it is being used for a special master, guardian ad litem, or appraiser.

Fees and expenses of land commissioners will not be paid by the Department. Land commissioners appointed pursuant to Rule 71A, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, are payable from funds appropriated to the judiciary.


3-8.420 Court Reporters

As provided in 28 U.S.C. § 753, each district court shall appoint one or more salaried court reporters who shall attend each session and record verbatim all proceedings in open court, and all other proceedings as specified by statute, rule, order of the court, or as requested by any party to the proceedings. EOUSA’s interpretation of the statute requires that every word in criminal proceedings be recorded, including closing arguments. It is suggested that, in districts where it is not the practice to record proceedings in full, application should be made to the court to take corrective measures insuring compliance with the statute.

The salaried reporter is entitled to receive, in addition to salary, such fees for transcripts as may be prescribed from time to time by the court with the approval of the Judicial Conference. These fees are collectible from the parties, including the United States. The Department of Justice is not financially responsible for any part of a transcript furnished to: the court; opponent counsel; to persons proceeding in forma pauperis; nor for the reporter's travel expenses except that, on approval of the court, the cost of the original and copies may be apportioned among the persons to whom they are furnished. If the government requires daily transcripts, any additional expenses involved in providing more rapid delivery must be borne by the reporter. The only exception to this is in rural areas, where the court reporter may need to hire reporters from outside the community area to help produce hourly, daily, or expedited transcripts. In such instances, the reporter may bill the ordering party for the subsistence costs of other reporters or auxiliary personnel. The costs are authorized up to the amount of travel subsistence that a government employee may be reimbursed for the same travel. An attendance fee for auxiliary personnel is not billable to the ordering party. See the Court Reporter Manual, Chapter XX at 10.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.430 Employment of Independent Reporters

The Department’s appropriations are not available for payment of court reporters’ fees for recording court proceedings. If the salaried reporter is unable to report on court proceedings, the matter of obtaining additional reporters is a consideration for the court.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.440 Employment of Additional Reporters in Lands Cases

In view of the difficulty of obtaining the services of a salaried court reporter in Lands Commissioner cases, and because Department appropriations may not be used for additional reporters, the Director of AOUSC has advised that, in special cases when the salaried court reporter is unavailable to report these hearings, it will authorize the appointment of a temporary court reporter for that purpose. In such cases, the United States Attorney should request that the judge secure authority for appointment from AOUSC.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.450 Grand Jury Reporting

Grand jury reporting may be performed by an employee of the USAO (Fed.R.Crim.P.Rule 6(d)) or by a commercial reporter engaged for the purpose. The salaried federal court reporter may report grand jury proceedings, but he/she may only be paid for transcripts produced, not for time worked. Payment to a salaried federal court reporter for time worked would be considered a violation of the statutory prohibition against dual compensation. 5 U.S.C. § 5533.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.510 Transcripts

It is the policy of EOUSA that hourly, daily, or expedited transcripts should not be ordered unless absolutely necessary. All orders for hourly or daily transcripts must be expressly authorized in advance by the United States Attorney or First Assistant United States Attorney, and documentation of such authorization must accompany all payment vouchers for hourly or daily transcripts.

Ordinarily, only one transcript should be purchased in any case, except Court of Claims cases or depositions. Any decision by the United States Attorney to order more than one transcript must be based on absolute necessity. Transcripts should only be purchased as required for heads of the legal divisions of the Department and their assistants, United States Attorneys and their assistants, and other attorneys assisting in the case. Other government agencies interested in obtaining transcripts should make arrangements for purchase directly from their own appropriations. No Department funds are available for payment of a transcript furnished to the court, either at its request or that of the government. The official copy in the files of the clerk of the court should be used by the court in these cases.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.520 Expenses Incurred on Behalf of Indigents

Following is a listing of expenses which may be incurred for persons proceeding in forma pauperis, and the responsibility for such expenses.

  1. Fact Witnesses. Costs relating to subpoenas and fees of indigent defendants’ witnesses are the responsibility of the Department and payable at the rates prescribed for witnesses pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1821. 
     
  2. Expert Witnesses. Expert witnesses called by the defense and necessary to the adequate defense of an indigent person are paid from funds appropriated for the implementation of the Criminal Justice Act by the AOUSC. These expenses are authorized on Form CJA-21 after certification by counsel for the indigent defendant and approval by the presiding court or magistrate. Experts called by the court on behalf of the indigent person are paid by the AOUSC. The Department will pay for expert witness fees and expenses for expert witnesses appearing on behalf of the government. United States Attorneys have authority to employ an expert witness appearing on behalf of the government.
     
  3. Mental Examinations for Indigent Persons. Expenses for examinations under 18 U.S.C. § 4241 to determine a defendant's mental competency to stand trial are always the responsibility of the Department. Expenses for examinations to determine a defendant's mental responsibility at the time of the alleged offense are paid by the AOUSC, except when the request is made by the United States, in which case the Department is responsible. See OBD Order 2110.20B (February 2001).
     
  4. Depositions. Expenses for travel and subsistence of a defendant and defendant’s counsel for attendance at a deposition taken pursuant to Rule 15(c) Fed.R.Crim.P. are payable by the prosecuting agency. The purpose of such a deposition is to preserve evidence for the prosecution, and all costs should be assigned to the prosecuting agency regardless of the availability of funds appropriated for the Criminal Justice Act. (Decision of Administration Counsel, Department of Justice, November 26, 1975.) The United States Attorney may authorize such expenses in a similar fashion as other litigation expenses.

    Fees and expenses for depositions of fact witnesses, including the cost of recording and transcribing the proceeding, for indigent persons shall be paid by the Department in the same manner as expenses and fees for fact witnesses testifying in court. See above. Fees and expenses for depositions of expert witnesses of the indigent defendant are paid by the AOUSC. 39 COMP.GEN. 133.

[updated May 2016]


3-8.540 Notary Expenses of Employees

Officers and employees of the Department who are required to serve as notaries public in connection with the performance of public business may be allowed their expenses under the following conditions:

  1. Performance of notarial duties must have been ordered as part of the duties of the employee.
     
  2. If the individual first qualified as a notary for a personal purpose, and subsequently was required to serve officially, such percentage of his/her expenses shall be paid as the official use of his/her authority bears to the use of the notarial powers, the individual certification being acceptable as to percentage.
     
  3. The expense of obtaining commissions includes bond premiums, official seal, etc.
     
  4. Payments subsequent to initial qualifications are limited to actual expenses of maintaining notarial authority.
     
  5. Funds available for personal services or general administrative expenses for the fiscal year in which the expense was incurred shall be used.
     
  6. Receipts are only required for amounts in excess of $15.

Payments are made using the SF-1164, Claim for Reimbursement for Expenditures on Official Business.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.550 Expenses Requiring Prior Authorization

Litigative expenses are “those which result directly from actions of the courts or have a direct connection with the prosecution of a case.” Such costs arise from court reporting, filing, fees, interpreters, consultants, advertising legal notices, transportation of evidence, special masters, and advisory reports from experts who will not serve as witnesses (e.g., appraisals). United States Attorneys may incur litigative expenses without specific authorization from EOUSA. Administrative expenses which the United States Attorneys may approve include the purchase of supplies, books, subscriptions, furniture, and equipment, as well as expenses relating to employee travel, overtime, and utility services, among other things.  However, there are various limitations and other criteria that must be considered for legal and administrative expenses, including dollar limitations for purchases made using certified invoice procedures and for purchases made under other delegations of procurement authority.  Lack of sufficient procurement authority in USAOs may require the involvement of EOUSA to place orders and make purchases. Moreover, as discussed in various sections of the USAM and in other guidance, certain expenses require prior authorization from EOUSA, including United States Attorney travel outside of the United States Attorney’s federal judicial district (except for travel processed using local travel procedures), actual lodging expenses, premium class travel expenses, and food and entertainment expenses, among other things.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.560 Out-of-Pocket Litigative Expenses

In 38 COMP. GEN. 343, the Comptroller General ruled that when Congress has specifically authorized a particular government agency or corporation to undertake litigation in the pursuance of its duties and responsibilities, i.e., the agency can “sue or be sued”, the out-of-pocket expenses incurred in prosecuting or defending such actions will be properly chargeable to the appropriations of that agency or corporation, even though the Department may prosecute or defend any litigation in which the agency or corporation becomes involved.

Further, those government agencies that lack Congressional authorization to institute suit or defend against legal actions (e.g., Farmers Home Administration) are also prohibited by the Comptroller General from using their appropriation to pay for litigative services. These agencies must rely upon the Department to act in their behalf and, as a result, all out-of-pocket expenses relating to the litigation are properly chargeable to the United States Attorneys’ appropriation as litigative expenses.

Out-of-pocket expenses are generally defined as those expenses incurred for services provided by a private vendor (i.e., persons or firms outside the federal government) which are directly related to conducting the litigation at hand.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.570 Expenses Incurred in a Foreclosure Proceeding Brought on Behalf of a Government Agency or Corporation

In assisting in foreclosure proceedings, the U.S. Marshals Service incurs various out-of-pocket expenses associated with the proceedings. Out-of-pocket expenses are defined as those costs incurred for advertising, property appraisals, abstract supplementation and any other services provided by private vendors which are directly related to conducting the foreclosure proceedings. Intrinsic expenses such as U.S. Marshals’ fees, commissions, mileage, per diem, salaries, etc., are assumed by the U.S. Marshals Service to be constructive earnings and are not expenses that are chargeable to the United States Attorneys’ appropriation.

The U.S. Marshals Service will be reimbursed for the out-of-pocket expenses incurred in foreclosure proceedings in either one of two ways. First, when a third (i.e., non-government) party is the successful bidder for the mortgaged property at the foreclosure sale, the bid is paid into the court and a fund is created. The U.S. Marshals Service is reimbursed from this fund for all appropriate expenses incurred before funding is then disbursed to the first lien creditor, then to other creditors in order of priority or to the court for distribution as the court may direct. The United States Attorneys’ appropriation may not be billed by the U.S. Marshals for out-of-pocket expenses incurred in a third-party sale. If the USAO in the district in which the litigation occurred had inadvertently been billed and paid for any of the out-of-pocket expenses associated with the litigation, the United States Attorney should seek reimbursement for payments from the U.S. Marshals Service.

Secondly, in those cases where the government, through the Farmers Home Administration, is the successful bidder at the foreclosure sale, no fund is created. Instead, all out-of-pocket expenses incurred will be properly chargeable to the United States Attorneys’ appropriation. The U.S. Marshals Service should submit an itemized voucher for appropriate out-of-pocket expenses incurred in a foreclosure proceeding to the United States Attorney in the district responsible for handling the litigation. The United States Attorney must sign the voucher and certify that the charges billed are appropriate for payment.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.600 Advance Payment of Bills

In accordance with 31 U.S.C. § 3324, prohibiting advance payments of public monies, no disposition of funds should be made for services rendered, purchases made, etc., until the transaction has been accomplished. An exception to this rule is permitted if advance payment is authorized by “other law.” This provision has been interpreted to include state law. Therefore, if state law requires the advance payment of filing fees, for instance, such payments may be issued upon appropriate showing of the requirement of law. A voucher prepared for issuance of an advance payment should specifically identify the statute requiring payment in advance.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.620 Appropriations Chargeable

The appropriation, “Salaries and Expenses, United States Attorneys, Department of Justice,” is chargeable with the expense of operating the USAOs.

The date on which fees are earned, services rendered, or expenses incurred, and not the date of certification of payment, determine the fiscal year from which payment shall be made, except that bills for metered commodities or services such as electricity, telephone, etc., shall be paid from the appropriation current at the end of the billing period.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.622 Chargeable to "Fees and Expenses of Witness" Appropriation

Expenses chargeable to the FEW appropriation are as follows:

  1. Fees for attendance, per diem and traveling expenses for attendance of witnesses, both expert and fact, for witnesses testifying for United States in proceedings in U.S. Courts or U.S. Magistrates' hearings. See USAM 3-19.100, and the USAM 3-16.130.
     
  2. Traveling expenses of government employees attending court when properly payable. See USAM 3-19.400.
     
  3. Physical examinations of plaintiffs, witnesses, or defendants in contemplation of testimony in court.
     
  4. Expenses of examining prisoners to determine sanity as provided in 18 U.S.C.  §§  4244-8, including competency to stand trial exams, and employment of psychiatrists, hospital expenses incident thereto, and testimony.
     
  5. Expenses of Interpreters for Government Witnesses (trial expenses).

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.623 Chargeable to Legal Divisions of the Department of Justice

Expenses chargeable to the Legal Divisions include:

  1. Litigation expenses in cases for which a division has assumed direct responsibility; and
     
  2. Foreign counsel in extradition cases.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.624 Chargeable to United States Courts

Expenses chargeable to the United States Courts include:

  1. Lands Commissioners;
     
  2. Interpreters, except for government witnesses; and
     
  3. Expenses authorized on behalf of indigent defendants.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.625 Chargeable to Other Agencies

Expenses chargeable to other agencies include costs to translate and transcribe recordings obtained under authority of Title III.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.630 Certifying Officers

Vouchers involving expenses of the USAO must be certified by an authorized certifying officer of that office before submission for payment. 31 U.S.C. § 82b.

Certifying officers are held responsible for the existence and correctness of the facts stated on vouchers and their supporting papers, the legality of the proposed payment, and the correctness of computations. 31 U.S.C. § 82c, f.

There should be a minimum of two certifying officers in each USAO.  In the event that a United States Attorney will serve as a certifying officer, he or she must complete Section I of Form OBD-234, Accountable Officer Signature Form, select the “Approving Officer” designation in Section II, select the appropriate authority in Section III, and forward the form to EOUSA’s Chief Financial Officer for approval.  When the United States Attorney receives the approved form from EOUSA, he or she may begin to perform the certifying officer function after obtaining training on certifying officer responsibilities.   

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.640 USAO Budget and Operating Plan

All USAOs are allocated a budget under one or more appropriations each fiscal year (e.g., United States Attorneys’ Salaries and Expenses Appropriation and the FEW Appropriation). It is the United States Attorney’s responsibility to manage the office’s operations within the allocated resource levels. To ensure sound financial management, it is critical that each United States Attorney develop an annual operating plan where spending requirements by budget category can be identified and evaluated in relation to available funding.  Each fiscal year, financial operation guidelines will be issued by EOUSA’s RMP Staff that describe the requirements pertaining to operating plans including any limitations on funding transfer between categories or the authorized use of funding.

A Report of Obligations Incurred is due to the Executive Office on the seventh day of January, April, July and October of each year. The report provides information on resource consumption by allowance category or object class code and requires the United States Attorney to present a narrative justification for unusual spending trends.

[Updated May 2016]


3-8.700 Travel Authority

Travel is governed by the Federal Travel Regulation (FTR), as supplemented by Department of Justice Order 2200.11(I) and Department of Justice Policy Statement 1400.04, Temporary Duty Travel.

[updated May 2016]


3-8.710 Travel Authorizations

  1. Domestic Travel by United States Attorneys.  United States Attorneys conducting mission-related temporary duty travel outside of their assigned districts must be authorized to travel by the Director or a Deputy Director of EOUSA. A travel authorization must be submitted and approved before travel commences for all United States Attorneys.  An exception to this policy occurs when travel is performed under local travel procedures, discussed in section B below.

    For travel within their districts, United States Attorneys may authorize their own travel. A travel authorization must be prepared by the USAO and be approved by the United States Attorney before travel commences, except for travel performed under local travel procedures.  Premium class travel, defined as any accommodations or class of travel costing in excess of coach or economy class, and actual lodging expenses, defined as costs exceeding stated federal rates for lodging, must be approved in advance by the Director or a Deputy Director, EOUSA, for all travel conducted by United States Attorneys.  

    Temporary duty travel must be authorized on a trip by trip basis. Blanket travel authorizations may not be used.  Each temporary duty trip must have its own authorization and voucher, except for travel performed under local travel procedures

  2. United States Attorneys Traveling Under Local Travel Procedures. United States Attorneys may authorize their own travel when traveling to destinations inside or outside of their districts, when such travel is completed within the same day (and less than 12 hours in duration) and involves local transportation expenses only (e.g., mileage expenses, parking expenses, tolls, and taxi expenses). These expenses may be processed within the USAO and be reimbursed using Standard Form 1164, Claim for Reimbursement for Expenditures on Official Business.  Travel involving per diem expenses (i.e., any travel requiring 12 or more hours to complete), lodging expenses, or air transportation may not be processed under local travel procedures

  3. Travel Conducted By Employees and Others on Behalf of the USAO.  United States Attorneys may authorize the travel of their employees and others traveling on behalf of the USAO to locations anywhere within the United States. United States Attorneys may re-delegate their own authority to approve travel to a position that is at a higher level than that of the traveler. In addition, a United States Attorney may authorize official travel where the travel expenses are being reimbursed by a non-federal entity only after EOUSA’s General Counsel’s Office considers ethics issues and/or travel reimbursement and approves the acceptance of reimbursement from the non-federal entity in advance of the travel.

  4. Actual Lodging Expenses.  United States Attorneys may authorize actual lodging expenses for those traveling on behalf of their offices. Actual lodging requests must be authorized in advance by either the United States Attorney or EOUSA’s Director, a Deputy Director, or Chief Financial Officer. This authority cannot be delegated to a lower level position in EOUSA or the USAO. The Federal Travel Regulation permits agencies to authorize actual lodging reimbursement up to 300 percent of the government lodging rate, for travel within or outside the Continental U.S. and in foreign countries. However, when travel is undertaken to attend a conference, Department policy limits actual lodging reimbursement to 125 percent of the government lodging rate.  Requests for actual lodging must be justified with documentation showing that lodging could not be obtained at or below the government lodging rate.  Documentation must include a description of efforts to find lodging at or below the government rate and a statement explaining why such lodging could not be obtained.  A printout of search results from the online booking engine (OBE) must be attached and must include all hotels within a reasonable commuting distance of the work activity.

  5. Premium Class Travel.  The Director and the Deputy Directors of EOUSA are the only officials who have the authority to approve premium class travel for EOUSA and USAO employees.  This authority cannot be delegated to a lower level position.  Use of premium class travel is only permitted in certain circumstances.  See USAM 3-8.740.

[added May 2016]


3-8.720 Payment of Travel Expenses and Advances

  1. Payment of Travel Expenses for United States Attorneys.  United States Attorneys’ travel vouchers for mission-related temporary duty travel outside of their assigned districts must be approved by the Director or a Deputy Director of EOUSA.  United States Attorneys’ travel vouchers for mission-related temporary duty travel within their assigned district may be approved by a senior financial manager in the USAO.  However, when a United States Attorney’s travel voucher involves premium class accommodations and/or actual lodging expenses, the voucher must be approved by the Director or a Deputy Director of EOUSA.  A travel voucher must be submitted within 5 workdays of the return from travel.

    Claims for the reimbursement of a United States Attorney’s local travel expenses (Forms SF-1164) may be approved by a senior financial management professional within the USAO.

  2. Payment of Travel Expenses for Employees and Others Traveling on Behalf of the USAO.  All temporary duty travel expenses for employees and others traveling on behalf of the USAO must be approved by those designated by the United States Attorney to approve travel vouchers.  The designated officials are responsible for certifying the correctness of the voucher and the propriety of payments. United States Attorneys can delegate authority to approve travel vouchers only to officials occupying a higher level position than the traveler or to a USAO’s senior financial manager.

  3. Travel Advances.  Travel charge card holders may obtain a travel advance through the use of ATMs that accept the government charge card.  ATM cash withdrawals are limited to the authorized amount for meals and incidental expenses (M&IE) and the miscellaneous travel expenses for a particular week of travel.  Travelers may take only one ATM withdrawal per week of travel.  Travelers may take the ATM withdrawal up to three calendar days prior to the date of departure, but not earlier.  ATM withdrawals may not be taken after travel has concluded.

 

In situations where the travel charge card is not accepted, such as travel to some foreign countries, travel advances may be specifically authorized by travel approving officials and paid to the traveler through the financial system.  In general, travel advances must be limited to 80 percent of the estimated cash transaction expenses, and advances should not be given to travelers who are not employed by the Department. Exceptions may be made for state and local officials in cases where there is no money in the state or local budgets to pay for the travel.

[updated May 2016]


3-8.730 Foreign Travel

EOUSA requires at least two weeks advance notification of proposed foreign travel. Appropriate clearances are not often obtainable for notifications provided within two weeks of travel. Travelers should notify the Executive Office as soon as they are aware of the possibility of foreign travel to ensure the timely processing of required notifications and clearances. Definite dates of travel do not need to be provided for purposes of this notification; however, the approximate period of time in travel status must be indicated so that the notification and clearance process can commence and so that an estimate of per diem expenses can be made. Two weeks advance notification is required so that necessary coordination can be accomplished with the Department of Justice and with the Department of State.

To help ensure that the international ramifications of proposed foreign travel are fully considered, each travel proposal must receive the consent of either the Criminal Division or the section of the Department having general supervisory responsibility over the type of case to which the travel pertains. If preliminary contact has been made with the appropriate department officials, the request for foreign travel should indicate the name(s) of individuals who are familiar with the proposed travel. All EOUSA and United States Attorneys' Office employees with Top Secret/Sensitive Compartmented Information (TS/SCI) clearances conducting official foreign travel must be cleared through EOUSA's Security Programs Staff prior to commencing the visit.

EOUSA and United States Attorneys' Office employees currently approved for TS/SCI access who plan unofficial travel to or through foreign countries must also provide either EOUSA's Security Division (for EOUSA travelers) or a District Office Security Manager (DOSM) with advance written notice of the travel. Form DOJ- 504, "Notification of Foreign Travel," is recommended for making this notification. When determined necessary, the employee must also receive an appropriate defensive security briefing prior to the official assignment or unofficial travel. The DOSM will forward a copy of the completed DOJ-504 to the EOUSA-Security Programs Staff for filing.

[updated March 2011] [cited in USAM 3-1.200; 9-13.534; Criminal Resource Manual 284]


3-8.740 Premium Class Transportation

Premium class transportation for all travelers must be authorized in advance by the Director or a Deputy Director of EOUSA in accordance with the criteria established in the Federal Travel Regulation, Section 301-10.123.

[updated May 2016] [cited in USAM 3-1.200]


3-8.800 Relocation

The Federal Travel Regulations allow the Department to authorize payment of relocation services and related expense reimbursements for employees who are being transferred in the best interest of the government. The authority to approve relocation expenses is vested in the Chief Financial Officer for EOUSA and cannot be re-delegated to a lower level position. Policy generally limits the payment of relocation expenses to the following circumstances:

  1. A managerially directed relocation, or
     
  2. A relocation effected for the health and/or safety of an employee, or
     
  3. A relocation necessitated by the inability to staff a position with a qualified applicant from within the local commuting area.

Payments of relocation costs will not be considered when the employee has requested the transfer for his/her own benefit

Payments of relocation costs also will not be considered unless the United States Attorney has demonstrated that every effort was made to find applicants from the local area.

The cost of relocation expenses which are approved by the Chief Financial Officer for EOUSA will be assessed against the budgets of individual USAOs.

[updated May 2016] [cited in USAM 3-1.200]


3-8.900 Law Enforcement Coordinating Committee (LECC) Expenses

Expenses of LECC operations should be applied to the appropriate budget category (i.e., travel, supplies, equipment, etc.).

When a district is planning to hold an LECC training program on asset forfeiture and equitable sharing, the expenses may be reimbursable from the Asset Forfeiture Fund. Requests to hold asset forfeiture training funded from the Asset Forfeiture Fund require approval of the Office of Legal and Victim Programs (OLVP), EOUSA. USAOs that receive such funding must report related expenditures to EOUSA on the quarterly report on asset forfeiture. When multi-district LECC and/or Victim Witness Coordinator meetings are held, the costs of the meetings can be shared by all of the participating districts.

[Updated May 2016] [cited in USAM 3-1.200]


3-8.990 District Office Conference Guidelines

When a USAO hosts a conference, fiscal prudence must be observed in all related expenditures.  Further, the conference must be deemed essential to satisfying core mission requirements. Agenda subjects must directly relate to the mission of USAOs, and attendance must be limited to district employees and individuals with specific expertise in relation to the agenda subjects. A copy of the agenda should be forwarded to EOUSA’s Chief Financial Officer as part of the conference request package.

Office conferences should not be scheduled for the first quarter of a fiscal year and, to the maximum extent possible, should be held in the second half of the fiscal year. In general, conferences should be limited to one and a half days in length with lodging, if required, provided for the evening of the first day.  District-wide meetings (i.e., where all office employees are gathered together to satisfy annual training requirements) may only be held once per fiscal year by each USAO.

Attendance at conferences should be closely scrutinized. When considering who to invite from outside of the office, care should be taken to include only those individuals who have applicable expertise and who will participate directly in supporting the agenda.

Office conferences must be funded by the sponsoring office.  A working meal may be provided with the advance written approval of the Director of EOUSA, but specific criteria must be satisfied.

[Updated May 2016]

Updated May 9, 2016