Sentencing, Incarceration & Parole Offenders

After Sentencing

Once sentenced, the inmate is transferred to a Bureau of Prisons (BOP) institution. BOP staff review the inmate's records and prepare a classification score based on such factors as length of sentence, stability, education, employment and behavior during a prior incarceration.

The classification score determines the type of facility where the inmate will be housed. This score may change over time based on individual behavior and specific case factors. During service of the prison term, an inmate may be transferred to a different institution based on the needs of the inmate or the prison system.

Victims may monitor inmate transfers by logging into the Victim Notification System.

Note: USPC and BOP do not notify victims when a transfer takes place.

While the Inmate is in the Bureau of Prisons

Educational and vocational programs are available to inmates. An inmate may obtain a GED certificate or a certification of completing vocational training in some field. Inmates have job assignments in maintaining the institution or may work in prison industries (UNICOR). They may also participate in substance abuse treatment or counseling programs to reduce the risk of further criminal conduct when they are released. If an inmate exhibits superior program achievement the inmate may receive a reduction in the release date set by the Parole Commission.

Medical Parole

Medical parole is a provision of District of Columbia law that allows the Parole Commission to parole a D.C. inmate before he has served his minimum prison term and is eligible for parole, if prison medical staff certifies that the inmate is terminally ill or permanently incapacitated with a medical condition. In these limited circumstances, the Parole Commission may parole the inmate regardless of his parole ineligibility if it determines that the inmate's release would not reasonably pose a threat to public safety or be incompatible with the public welfare.

Victims or victim's next-of-kin who are registered to receive notification will receive information regarding an application for medical parole. The victim has the opportunity to provide input to the Commission on this decision. More information regarding medical parole can be found in the Commission's Rules and Procedures Manual, section 2.77.

Termination of Parole

The Commission may terminate the supervision of a parolee before the end of the court-imposed sentence. After two years on supervision, the law requires that the Commission review the parolee's case on the record to determine the need for continued supervision. After the parolee is on supervision for five years, the law requires that the Commission shall terminate supervision over the parolee unless the Commission determines, after a hearing, that it is likely that the parolee would still commit another crime. If the Commission terminates supervision, this act terminates the parolee's sentence.

Parole Revocation Hearing

When a parolee is arrested on charges of violating the conditions of parole, a Parole Commission hearing examiner conducts a revocation hearing to determine whether the parolee should be returned to prison. The parolee may be represented by an attorney at the hearing. The parolee and the parolee's attorney may present witnesses and documentary evidence in defense of the charges, and have the opportunity to confront and cross-examine witnesses who have given information against the parolee. In most cases, the Commission has charged the parolee with violating one of the administrative violations of parole (e.g., failure to report to the supervision officer as directed) and the only witness adverse to the parolee is the supervision officer who reported the alleged violation. If an alleged crime victim has provided information about a new crime by the parolee, the parolee and the attorney may ask the Commission to subpoena the victim-witness to the hearing for questioning. In some cases, the Commission may excuse the victim-witness's appearance for good cause. As in the case of a parole hearing, the decision on revocation is made by a Parole Commissioner after reviewing the hearing record.

Supervised Release

Supervised release is a period of community supervision following a D.C. offender's release from prison, much like parole. The period of supervision is normally limited to three or five years and is imposed by the sentencing court. Under D.C. law, the Parole Commission has the responsibility for setting the conditions of supervision, modifying the conditions for changed circumstances, revoking release for violations of the conditions and early discharge from supervision. Supervised release is imposed for D.C. Code offenders who committed their offenses after August 4, 2000 and who are sentenced to a determinate sentence of imprisonment. Supervision in the community is provided by supervision officers of the D.C. Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency. Supervised release hearings are handled in the same manner as Parole Revocation hearings.

Tracking the Status of an Offender Pending Deportation

Offenders that have been transferred into the custody of the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) will be held in a Federal holding facility pending deportation. Victims can request notification of the offender's status by submitting the Victim Request for Notification of Criminal Alien Status Form to the ICE Victim Notification Program. For more information visit the ICE website.

ICE Victims Program

Updated January 12, 2015

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