On December 12, 2016, the United States filed a complaint in United States v. County of Culpeper (W.D. Va.), alleging that the county violated RLUIPA when it denied a “pump and haul” sewage permit to the Islamic Center of Culpeper (ICC), effectively preventing the ICC from building a small mosque on land that it had contracted to purchase in the county. The complaint alleged that the County’s denial of the permit imposed a “substantial burden” on the Muslim congregation’s exercise of religion that was not narrowly tailored to further a compelling governmental interest. The complaint further alleged that the County discriminated against the ICC based on religion. On March 29, 2017, the court issued a memorandum opinion denying Culpeper County’s first motion to dismiss. On September 1, 2017, the court dismissed the United States’ lawsuit as moot after the County, pursuant to the settlement in a private lawsuit filed by the ICC, granted the needed permit to the ICC and took other steps to prevent future violations of RLUIPA.