Fugitive In Bank Fraud Scheme Apprehended
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Contact ELIZABETH MORSE
www.justice.gov/usao/md at (410) 209-4885
Baltimore, Maryland – Loren Park, a/k/a “Loren Yong Park,” age 50, formerly of Falls Church, Virginia was arrested on February 22, 2018 in South Korea and extradited to Maryland to face charges relating to bank fraud.
In 2011, a federal grand jury indicted Park and his brother Yong Park, of Falls Church, Virginia and Nick Park, of McLean, Virginia on charges of conspiring to commit bank fraud in connection with a scheme to fraudulently obtain business loans guaranteed by the Small Business Administration, with resulting losses of over $100 million.
The arrest was announced by Acting United States Attorney for the District of Maryland Stephen M. Schenning; Special Agent in Charge Gordon B. Johnson of the Federal Bureau of Investigation; U.S. Marshal for the District of Maryland Johnny Hughes; and Small Business Administration Acting Inspector General Hannibal “Mike” Ware.
According to the 2011 superseding indictment, the Park brothers owned Jade Capital & Investments, LLC. Jade Capital was a loan brokerage company operated by Joon and Loren Park and specializing in securing loans for individuals interested in purchasing or refinancing small businesses in the Mid-Atlantic area. According to the 2011 indictment, Joon, Loren and Nick Park encouraged prospective borrowers using the services of Jade Capital to apply for business loans through the SBA’s Section 7(a) program, which guaranteed 75% - 90% of qualified loans made by banks and other commercial lending institutions. Under this program, the principals of the small business seeking the loan were required to invest a certain amount of their own money, called an equity injection, before they qualified for a loan. The banks and other lending institutions making the loan bore the risk of payment default only up to the percentage of the loan not guaranteed by the SBA.
The indictment alleges that from February 2005 until October 2011, Joon, Loren, and Nick Park submitted SBA loan applications and supporting documentation to loan originators and underwriters on behalf of their clients. The indictment alleges that the packages contained fraudulent personal financial statements and/or monthly bank statements which overstated the net worth and equity injection of the borrowers and falsely enhanced the creditworthiness of the borrowers and their businesses.
The indictment alleges that Joon and Loren Park altered copies of the borrowers’ monthly bank statements to fraudulently reflect more money than was actually in the accounts; created false bank statements for accounts that did not exist; and provided some of the financial institutions with misleading summaries of the borrowers’ business experience in order to falsely enhance the borrowers’ ability to manage the business and make the required loan payment.
The indictment further alleges that Joon, Loren and Nick Park and Jade Capital supplied some financial institutions with fraudulent gift letters falsely representing the source of the borrowers’ down payments and equity injections. Also according to the indictment, Joon Park, Loren Park and Jade Capital submitted financial documentation to lenders that misrepresented the equity injection of the principal owners of 51 businesses that had applied for SBA-guaranteed loans. In addition, the defendants charged a loan brokerage fee to both the financial institutions and the borrowers for assembling and submitting loan application packages that resulted in the issuance of SBA-guaranteed loans.
The indictment alleges that Joon Park submitted fraudulent documentation, including a personal financial statement and monthly bank statements in connection with an SBA loan application for a car wash business in which he was the principal owner.
Parks co-conspirators all pleaded guilty and were sentenced to the following:
Joon Park was sentenced to 188 months in prison; Nick Park was sentenced to 33 months in prison; Joo Hyuk “John” Lee was sentenced to three years in prison; Sang Hyun Kim was sentenced to three years in prison; In Jung Ham was sentenced to a year and a day in prison; and Seung E. Oh, a/k/a Sandy Oh was sentenced to 51 months in prison.
Park faces a maximum sentence of 30 years in prison for the conspiracy. Park remains detained.
An indictment is not a finding of guilt. An individual charged by indictment is presumed innocent unless and until proven guilty at some later criminal proceedings.
Acting United States Attorney Stephen M. Schenning commended the FBI, U.S. Marshals and SBA for their work in the investigation. Mr. Schenning thanked Assistant U.S. Attorneys Marty Clarke and Leo Wise, who are prosecuting the case.