The Civil Division represents the United States in all civil litigation involving the federal government in the Northern District of Florida. The U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Florida can be served with civil litigation papers by personal service or by sending a copy by registered or certified mail to the Civil Process Clerk at any office address listed on our contact page.
The Civil Division defends the interests of the United States in cases in which federal agencies or their employees are sued. These defensive matters include actions seeking relief for personal injury, medical malpractice, and employment discrimination. They also prison litigation, actions seeking judicial review of agency decisions, such as Social Security disability cases, and actions for injunctive relief.
In addition to its defensive role, the Civil Division brings affirmative litigation on behalf of the United States. These cases seek monetary reimbursement, penalties, damages, and injunctive relief. For example, we have brought actions pursuant to the False Claims Act, in which persons made false claims to a federal agency, including false statements made to Medicare or Medicaid by health care organizations. Other affirmative litigation includes mortgage foreclosures on behalf of the Departments of Agriculture and Housing and Urban Development, negligence actions, land condemnation, affirmative environmental cases, and litigation conducted under the Fair Housing Act and the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA).
As part of its role in affirmative litigation, the Financial Litigation Unit of the Civil Division diligently pursues debts owed to the United States in the form of defaulted student loans, criminal fines and restitution owed after sentencing, and unpaid judgments in favor of the United States. Affirmative civil enforcement produces funds which can equal or exceed the yearly cost of administering the United States Attorney's office.
The Civil Division also represents the federal government in commercial litigation cases such as bankruptcy and foreclosure matters involving the United States as a creditor or lien holder, secures forfeiture of property used in criminal activities, and represents individual government employees when they are sued in connection with their federal employment.
The Civil Division also handles civil appeals that result from civil claims brought by, or against, the Government. These appellate cases include defending against tort claims brought by individuals and representing federal agencies in challenges to their administrative actions. Civil appeals also include cases in which the United States has brought an action to advance or enforce a federal right.