Skip to main content

Funding Sources and Resources

On this page, you can identify funding opportunities and learn about the Federal Government funding process.

Sponsoring Agency Funding Opportunities

Office of Justice Programs (OJP)

Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA)

Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)

National Institute of Justice (NIJ)

Office for Victims of Crime (OVC)

Office for Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP)

Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and  Tracking (SMART)

Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP)

Other Federal Agencies

Also visit to locate and apply for funding opportunities from Federal agencies. You can also sign up to receive e-mail notices when new opportunities are posted to

Funding Resources

Various resources are available for assisting applicants:

OJP's Grants 101 site will assist applicants in navigating the application process.
OJP's Funding Resource Center page provides an abundance of information for applicants and grantees in addition to Grant Award announcements.
The BJA Grant Writing and Management Academy provides an overview of project planning, management, administration, and assessment of federally funded programs.

Types of Funding

Much like other Federal agencies, OJP offices and bureaus provide three types of funding to State, local, and private agencies and organizations: Formula (or Block), Discretionary, and Congressional Earmarks. Note that most OJP and other Federal agency grant funds are dispersed through Formula grant programs and Congressional Earmarks.

Formula (or Block)

Awarded to State and local governments based on a predetermined formula, which may be based on a jurisdiction's crime rate, population, or other factors.
Awarded to agencies in each State designated by the governor. These agencies are called State Administaring Agencies (SAA).
Generally requires States to pass awards to local agencies and organizations via subgrants.


Awarded on a competitive basis to public and private nonprofit organizations.
Funding ranges from single awards for research, evaluation, and technical assistance to multisite awards for program development.

Congressional Earmarks

Hard Earmarks: Congress directs the Federal agency to provide certain funds to specific programs it has identified.
Soft Earmarks: Congress identifies a program and directs the Federal agency to:
Evaluate the program.
Fund the program, if warranted.

Updated August 29, 2018